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Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality


Preuss F., Perevozkina Yu. M. Interconnection and types of social relations of role socialization system formation: metasystem approach


Ryzhov B. N. The actual-self, ideal-self and hidden-self (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Ryzhov B. N., Tarasova А. А. Emotional Perception of Architectural Objects of 1920–1930s by Moscow Students (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Kondratyev V. M. The Problem of Balance between Morality and Law in Human Education (with a Translation into English)


Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (translated into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Aleksander T. A Review about Old Age and Disability (translated into English by A. Diniejko and into Russian by О. Leszczak)



A. A. Zych Silver University as an alternative for the polish solutions


B. N. Ryzhov THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance


Yu. M. Perevozkina, V. G. Fedosov, F. Prusse Functional organization of impasa-role socialization of youth: metasystemic approach


T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society


G. Gross, J. S. Frolova From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy


Simons G. Tangible threats through intangible means: aspects of BRICS information and communication security


Ryzhov B. N., Mashkova L. A., Stolyarova G. I. Dynamics of motivational indicators in high school

B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology
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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : Contents #36

  Просмотров: 91

CONTENTS

 

Theory and Method of Systems Psychology

 

Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality (with translation into English)

 

Psychological Researches

 

Romanova E. S., Somova N. G. System research of the life quality in the elderly and old age

Kruglova E. A., Popel N. V. A systematic approach to the study of professional destructions of teacher’s personality

Eskov K. N. Classification of instrumental behavior styles of operators while the homeostat tasks are performing

Filyasova Yu. A. Perfectionist personal construct modelling 

Karpov A. B., Smirnova M. V. Evolution of conceptions of labor motivation Gorbunova I. V. Systems analysis of the main activities groups of directors of schools with various level of productivity 

Gorbunova I. V. Systems analysis of the main activities groups of directors of schools with various level of productivity

 

History of Psychology and Psychology of History

 

Artamonova Е. R., Lobanov Е. V. Systems ideas in the creative heritage of P. P. Blonsky 

Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas about man struggling in the native psychological thought of the XVI century 

 

Information

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2020, № 4 (36)

Author Guidelines 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : D. V. Ivanov, SYSTEMIC IDEAS ABOUT MAN STRUGGLING IN THE NATIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT OF THE XVI CENTURY

  Просмотров: 131

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.9

 

SYSTEMIC IDEAS ABOUT MAN STRUGGLING IN THE NATIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT OF THE XVI CENTURY

 

D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

Psychological thought about man and his struggle in the XVI century proved to be adequate to the problems of patristic literature. A special place for systemic descriptions of the image of man and his nature is given in such a literary monument as the Great Makariev Chetyas-Minei, named after the most famous collector of them – Metropolitan Makarii of Moscow. Chetyi-Minei represent an extensive set of sources of Russian thought that allow us to understand the features and peculiarities of the development of psychological concepts in a particular historical period of time. 

Based on the patristic heritage, which is important for the study of harmony and the continuity of national psychological thought, an appeal to the human soul, regardless of age; the desire to touch his emotional world theme and images of struggle, which are represented by a particular spiritual experience, which will build its own line of life; orientation on the formation of spiritual and physical potentialities of man; the formation of interest in self-knowledge and self-improvement lie. A spiritual ascetic-fighter, represented in patristic heritage, possesses the will, is capable of fighting, which allows to assess his character.

The ascetic is characterized by an intrapersonal struggle, which helps to prepare him for the development of spiritual capabilities, to reach the top of the ascent on the way to the prototype. His struggle is also defined as socializing in its function, helping to form a social ideal of action. A growing person, as he develops the ability to fight, discovers the activity of his soul. Throughout the whole course of life, the potencies of the struggling human soul are formed. The idea of struggle and the image of man struggling are developed systemically, in the relationship of their manifestations, form a single whole in their perception, understanding and further description.

 

Key words: system representations; original patristic literature; struggle; ascetic; struggling man.

For citation: Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas about man struggling in the native psychological thought of the XVI century // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.9.

 

Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences. Associate Professor at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2478-1468


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : Е. R. Artamonova, Е. V. Lobanov, SYSTEM IDEAS IN THE CREATIVE HERITAGE OF P. P. BLONSKY

  Просмотров: 124

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.8

 

SYSTEM IDEAS IN THE CREATIVE HERITAGE OF P. P. BLONSKY

 

Е. R. Artamonova, 

VSU, Vladimir,

art1960.2@yandex.ru,

 

Е. V. Lobanov, 

MSUMD, Moscow,

lobanov.evg@inbox.ru

 

The article analyzes the contribution of P. P. Blonsky to the development of systems ideas of psychological science. The article describes the actual problems of developmental and educational psychology, which are reflected in the fundamental works of the author. The dialectical-materialistic approach used by him to the solution of the main methodological problems of psychology is considered. The conceptual model of solving the problem of mental development of a child is covered. A theoretical analysis of a wide range of the problems touched upon by the author is carried out: the study of the question of the importance of childhood, of the historical change in the pace and content of various age stages of human development, the identification of various stages of age development and specific transitions between them, as well as the formulation of the problem of psychological age and the development of a specific historical direction its solutions.

It is noted the presence of innovative ideas in Blonsky's works, which served as the foundation for the emergence of systemic concepts in order to understand the foundations of human mental development. Particular attention in the article is paid to those views of Blonsky on issues of developmental and educational psychology, which retain their scientific and practical interest to the present.

Blonsky's creative heritage gives modern researchers the key to understanding the psychological and pedagogical laws of the formation of the personality. In his works, ideas of psychophysiological unity sound, as well as the need to increase the role of genetic research in considering the mechanisms of age-related development. At the same time, the importance of active involvement in age-appropriate activities is emphasized as a necessary condition for the harmonious development of the child's personality is emphasized. All this testifies to Blonsky's understanding of the need to apply the principle of consistency to the study of mental phenomena.

In Blonsky's works, the ideas of the systemic relationship of mental processes are expressed. He postulates the basic principles of organizing the study of the child. The author's views on the psychological characteristics of teaching and upbringing of difficult schoolchildren, as well as Blonsky's provisions concerning the specifics of the intellectual development of children, are of keen interest.

 

Keywords: P. P. Blonsky; system ideas; pedagogical psychology; age-related psychology; dialectical materialistic approach; activity; patterns of development; game theory; psychological and pedagogical laws.

For citation: Artamonova Е. R., Lobanov Е. V. System ideas in the creative heritage of P. P. Blonsky // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.8.

 

Artamonova Elena Romanovna, PhD in Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of General and Educational Psychology of the Vladimir State University named after A. G. and N. G. Stoletovs, Vladimir, Russia.

E-mail: art1960.2@yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-1714-3625

 

Lobanov Evgeniy Valeryevich, postgraduate student at the A. I. Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russia. 

E-mail: lobanov.evg@inbox.ru 

ORCID: 0000-0003-2249-004X


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : I. V. Gorbunova, SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF ACTIVITY OF THE GENERAL EDUCATION ORGANIZATIONS HEADS

  Просмотров: 121

UDC 159.923

 

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.7

 

SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF ACTIVITY OF THE GENERAL EDUCATION ORGANIZATIONS HEADS

 

I. V. Gorbunova,

USPU, Yekaterinburg,

gorbunova-priemnaya@mail.ru

 

System analysis is one of the methods of the system approach used in modern psychology and is the sequence of actions to establish structural links between variables or elements of the system under study, relying on a complex of general scientific, experimental, natural science, statistical, mathematical methods. This reseach uses the system analysis to study the activities of heads of educational organizations. The study was conducted in general education organizations of the city of Perm and the Perm region.

The activities of heads of general education organizations were diagnosed using the Head Teacher Activity Style Questionnaire, the validity and reliability of which has been confirmed many times. Based on the results of diagnostics, the heads of general education organizations, using cluster analysis, were divided into groups depending on the level of success in their professional activities. The characteristics of the activity of each of the selected groups of heads of general education organizations were factorized, which made it possible to establish the features of the structure of the activity of each group.

On the basis of a systematic analysis the features of the structure of the main activities, the relationship of the structural elements of activity and a system function of the individual elements of activities, depending on the level of success of activity of  educational institutions heads are revealed  It has been established that the selected groups of heads of general education organizations differ in the structure of the main areas of activity and the system-forming function of the main areas of activity. The groups of general education organizations heads identified in the study, depending on the level of success, are designated as “strategists”, “tacticians” and “conformists”.

 

Key words: systems analysis; performance indicators; heads of the general education organizations; groups; symptomocoplexes of properties; strategists; tactics; conformists.

For citation: Gorbunova I. V. Systems analysis of activity of the general education organizations heads // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.7.

 

Gorbunova Irina Viktorovna, Director of the Lyceum №. 9 of Perm, graduate student of the Department of Educational Psychology of the Institute of Psychology of the Ural State Pedagogical University, Yekaterinburg, Russia.

Е-mail: gorbunova-priemnaya@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2185-3219


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : A. B. Karpov, M. V. Smirnova, EVOLUTION OF SYSTEM IDEAS ABOUT LABOR MOTIVATION

  Просмотров: 123

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872. 2020.36.4.6

 

EVOLUTION OF SYSTEM IDEAS ABOUT LABOR MOTIVATION

 

A. B. Karpov,

NPF «Materia Medica Holding», Moscow,

karpovab@yandex.ru, 

 

M. V. Smirnova,

NPF «Materia Medica Holding», Moscow,

khokhlovamv@gmail.com

 

The article provides an overview of the most significant theories that have affected the formation of approaches to the study of labor motivation over the past century. The presented review of theories combines both psychological concepts developed by the authors from the position of personality psychology, social and age psychology, and the development of sociologists and economists. A number of these theories are based on abstract ideas about motivation, many of them take as a base large-scale long-term studies of practical aspects of work motivation.

Based on the review of the main principles of each of these theories, a systematic analysis of how the subject of study has changed and how the definition of work motivation has evolved is carried out. According to the results of a summary analysis of the evolution of the concept, the correspondence of the main postulates of the theories to the peculiarities of the historical period in which they were developed:  socio-economic processes, stages of industrial production, and the development of technologies is revealed. There are 4 stages of emergence of labor motivation theories. It is noted that with the completion of the last stage, the focus in the study of labor motivation began to shift to behavioral manifestations of motivation in the organization. The attention of researchers gradually began to switch to the study of employee satisfaction, loyalty and engagement.

One of the key ideas of the article is the conclusion about the need for a systematic approach to the work of a psychologist in an organization, which allows on the one hand  to create the most effective systems that stimulate high productivity, taking as a bases  the development of scientists in the field of labor motivation and on the other hand — using modern methods of assessing engagement, loyalty and satisfaction — to create the system for evaluating and managing behavioral manifestations of employee motivation. The prospects of studying work motivation from the perspective of system psychology are considered.

 

Key words: labor motivation; system approach; system psychology; involvement in work; meaningful theories of motivation; procedural theories of motivation; organizational psychology.

For citation: Karpov A. B., Smirnova M. V. Evolution of system ideas about labor motivation // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.6.

 

Karpov Alexey Borisovich, PhD in Psychology, Executive Master of Business Administration. Head of organizational development and human resources department of the scientific and production company «Materia Medica Holding», Moscow, Russia. 

E-mail: karpovab@yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-5437-3265

 

Smirnova Margarita Vyacheslavovna, senior HR manager of the scientific and production company «Materia Medica Holding», Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: khokhlovamv@gmail.com

ORCID: 0000-0003-0671-439X


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : Yu. A. Filyasova, PERFECTIONIST PERSONAL CONSTRUCT MODELLING

  Просмотров: 125

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872. 2020.36.4.05

 

PERFECTIONIST PERSONAL CONSTRUCT MODELLING

 

Yu. A. Filyasova,

SPbUMTE, Saint-Petersburg,

phill.yield@gmail.com

 

The article provides a theoretical analysis of perfectionist personal construct, reasons of its emergence and prevention methods. Perfectionists are characterized by rigid personal constructs, high standards and mirror reflection of their own constructs on other people. Perfectionist constructs restrict the freedom of experience interpretation, reality perception and future events forecasting. 

The main source of perfectionism development is considered to be the family — parental influence on hard line formation, setting high goals, along with the lack of autonomous goal setting skills and awareness of one’s own needs. Construct rigidness occurs as a protective mechanism against negative events and fear of committing errors, under the influence of unfavorable social environment, thus confining the consciousness with perfectionist frames and limiting their adaptation potential. Generalization of a limited number of constructs over various events leads to perfectionist inability to think beyond their own mental shortcuts or successfully adapt to new social conditions. In addition, rigid constructs and strong intention to achieve high goals create fragmentariness and discretization of perception of the ongoing life continuum. The desire to achieve high goals, as a rule, interferes with harmonic personal development.

Depression, procrastination, burnout and other psychological disorders related to perfectionists are caused by their inability to take into consideration their possibilities for achieving high goals. Goal setting skills and the ability to differentiate goals by different criteria, along with awareness and prioritization of needs in the process of education and professionalization are considered in this paper as key factors of negative perfectionist signs elimination.

 

Key words: perfectionism; personal construct; rigidity; procrastination; burnout; goal setting; social alienation.

For citation: Filyasova Yu. A. Perfectionist personal construct modelling // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.05.

 

Filyasova Yulia Anatolyevna, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of pedagogy and psychology at St. Petersburg University of Management Technologies and Economics, St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: phill.yield@gmail.com

ORCID: 0000-0002-9728-9458


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : K. N. Еskov, CLASSIFICATION OF INSTRUMENTAL BEHAVIOR STYLES OF OPERATORS WHILE THE HOMEOSTAT TASKS ARE PERFORMING

  Просмотров: 101

UDC 613.693:159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872. 2020.36.4.04

 

 CLASSIFICATION OF INSTRUMENTAL BEHAVIOR STYLES OF OPERATORS WHILE THE HOMEOSTAT TASKS ARE PERFORMING

 

K. N. Еskov,

GNC RF – IMBP RAN, Moscow,

eskov@imbp.ru

 

The article presents the classification of individual stylistic features of the instrumental behavior of operators in the process of collective solution of homeostatic problems. The classification is based on the assessment of the level of motor activity and the level of leadership activity. Two-level motor activity gradations: a motor active and motor inactive levels, and the three-tiered gradation of leadership activity – a clear leader, the obvious leader and the nonleader (pedant) are used. On the basis of the selected levels, the classification has been developed that includes six styles of individual instrumental behavior.

On the basis of the developed classification, the concept of an individual style portrait, which characterizes such features of the operator's instrumental behavior that are fixed in the structure of his personality is formulated and justified. The style of the operator's activity is a unity of individual personality traits and situational features of instrumental behavior, which are formed in the process of group interdependent activity when the Homeostat technique is performed. Thus, it is established that the developed classification allows us to evaluate the features of the instrumental behavior of the operator in the process of solving homeostatic problems.

 

Keywords: group interdependent activity; group efficiency; Homeostat technique; motor activity; leadership activity; individual styles of instrumental behavior.

For citation: Eskov K. N. Classification of instrumental behavior styles of operators while the homeostat tasks are performing // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36) P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.04

 

Eskov Konstantin Nikolaevich, Candidate of Biology, Research Associate of the Department of Psychophysiology, Neurophysiology and Psychophysiology of Operator Activity of the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation − Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow. 

E-mail: eskov@imbp.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-6192-9612


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : E. A. Kruglova, N. V. Popel, A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF PROFESSIONAL DESTRUCTIONS OF TEACHERS' PERSONALITY

  Просмотров: 127

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872. 2020.36.4.03

 

A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF PROFESSIONAL DESTRUCTIONS OF TEACHERS' PERSONALITY 

 

E. A. Kruglova,

ISU, Ivanovo,

kruglo-e@mail.ru

 

N. V. Popel,

ISU, Ivanovo,

nine1@mail.ru

 

The article deals with the features of professional destructions of various categories of teaching staff, which have a negative impact on a person, lead to various crisis states, disruption of professional and personal development. The research is based on the principles of B. F Lomov's systematic approach: multidimensionality and integrity in the cognition of the investigated mental phenomenon, taking into account its determinants. The reseach involved 215 teaching staff of the city of Ivanovo and the Ivanovo region with work experience from 5 to 30 years, from various educational institutions.

Various manifestations of professional mental burnout and professional deformation of the personality of general education school teachers, special boarding schools teachers, teachers of additional education, preschool teachers, and heads of educational organizations were subjected to systematic psychological study. The results of the research showed that the greatest degree of severity of the general level and symptoms of professional mental burnout is characteristic of teachers of general education institutions. Signs of professional destructions are present in various areas: emotional, behavioral, motivational and value, as well as in the field of interpersonal relations. At the same time, many of them become relatively permanent and stable for school teachers with a long teaching experience. In other categories of teachers, the symptoms of professional destruction are expressed much weaker. It is discovered that the specific character and individual style of pedagogical activity are the factors determining the development of professional destructions.

One of the main conclusions of the reseach is that professional burnout and professional deformation of the personality have different specifics and psychological nature, but in the system of symptoms and manifestations in different categories of teachers create a general picture of personal and professional destructions.

 

Keywords: system approach; personality; teachers; professional destructions; professional mental burnout; professional deformation; individual style of pedagogical activity.

For citation: Kruglova E. A., Popel N. V. A systematic approach to the study of professional destructions of teacher’s personality // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.03

 

Kruglova Elena Aleksandrovna, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Continuous Psychological and Pedagogical Education, Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia. 

E-mail: kruglo-e@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-7933-4921

 

Popel Nina Valerievna, Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Continuous Psychological and Pedagogical Education, Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia. 

E-mail: nine1@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-9073-1194

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : E. S. Romanova, N. G. Somova, SYSTEM RESEARCH OF THE LIFE QUALITY IN THE ELDERLY AND OLD AGE

  Просмотров: 122

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872. 2020.36.4.02

 

SYSTEM RESEARCH OF THE LIFE QUALITY 

IN THE ELDERLY AND OLD AGE

 

E. S. Romanova,

MSPU, Moscow,

RomanovaES@mgpu.ru,

 

N. G. Somova,

MRCRD, Korolev,

Somovang@mail.ru

 

The article is devoted to a systematic study of the quality of life components in the elderly and old age. The assessment of the modern understanding of the concept of "quality of life" is carried out. The aim of this work is to determine the factors affecting the quality of life in the elderly and old age. The system study touches upon such quality of life components as anxiety, depression, aggression, and general psychological well-being. The system-psychological analysis of the quality of life components allows us to consider the needs that arise in the elderly and old age through the prism of system unity and offers a qualitative new perception of emotional experiences characteristic of this period. 

The article presents the results of the study conducted in 2019 on the basis of Moscow regional center for rehabilitation of disabled people with the participation of 39 recipients of elderly and old people.

The quality of life indicators of elderly and old people receiving social rehabilitation services in the center of rehabilitation for the elderly people with the indicators of the quality of life of those who are taken care at home were compared. 

In the course of a systematic research, it was revealed that the indicators of the psychological and physical health components among people who attend rehabilitation activities in the social service center exceed the indicators of people who are taken care at home. There is also an increased level of anxiety and depression among people who are served at home, which indicates a lower quality of life compared to elderly and old people who receive social rehabilitation services in the center. Based on the data obtained, it is concluded that the quality of life is a complex system construct that includes both individual psychological characteristics of a person and the ability of establishing strong social ties in the elderly and old age.

 

Key words: systems analysis; old age; activity; satisfaction; quality of life; aging; meaning of life; social quality; psychological well-being.

For citation: Romanova E. S., Somova N. G. System research of the life quality in the elderly and old age // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.02

 

Romanova Evgeniya Sergeevna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor. Head of the Department of General and Practical Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of Social-and-Psychological Researches in Education at the Institute of Special Education and Psychology of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-9032-6869

 

Somova Natalya Gennadievna, Director of the Moscow Regional Center for Rehabilitation of Disabled People, Korolev, Russia.

E-mail: Somovang@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-4160-4711


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : B. N. Rizhov, THE SYSTEM OF MOTIVATIONAL OPPOSITIONS AS THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL INDIVIDUALITY

  Просмотров: 112

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.01

 

THE SYSTEM OF MOTIVATIONAL OPPOSITIONS 

AS THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL INDIVIDUALITY 

 

B. N. Rizhov,

MCU, Moscow,

RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru

 

The article is devoted to the description of three motivational oppositions underlying the in-depth psychodiagnostics of personality. Modern system psychology identifies eight types of motivation, each of which meets three complementing each other binary criteria.

The first criterion is related to the systemic form of motivation, which represents either the tendency of the system development that meets the requirement of increasing the number of its elements; or the tendency to preserve the order (decrease in entropy) of the system. The second is related to the systemic level of the object, the development or preservation of which the motivation is aimed at. It can be an individual and a person, that corresponds to the central level of a living system; or a species and a society, that corresponds to the macrosystem level. The third criterion is related to the type of known forms of life: biological or social, on the continuation of oppositions, each of which is divided into four parts to which the motivation is directed. These criteria are the basis of three motivational counterpoints, in which a pair of motivation types coinciding in two criteria, differs in the third.

The identification of three systemic types of motivational opposition and the corresponding counterpoints of specific types of motivation is a scheme for the qualitative interpretation of quantitative data obtained by the method of determining the motivational profile of a person (SPM). The identification of the dominant types of motivation and the leading motivational opposition formed by them using the SPM technique allows us to determine the area of possible intra-personal conflicts and suggests ways to overcome them rationally.

Thus, the described method of analytical study of motivation opens up new opportunities for systemic psychological diagnosis and correction.

 

Key words: system psychology; motivation; motivational opposition; motivational counterpoint; motivational conflict; individual and species; personality and society; development and preservation. 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). C. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.01.

 

E-mail: RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-8848-3622


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