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V. M. Ananishnev, S. V. Yugay, A. P. Ovsov, THE PROSPECTS OF INCLUSION OF RUSSIAN PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES INTO THE GLOBAL UNIVERSITY RANKINGS

Journal_eng » Journal 23 : V. M. Ananishnev, S. V. Yugay, A. P. Ovsov, THE PROSPECTS OF INCLUSION OF RUSSIAN PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES INTO THE GLOBAL UNIVERSITY RANKINGS
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THE PROSPECTS OF INCLUSION OF RUSSIAN PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES INTO THE GLOBAL UNIVERSITY RANKINGS

 

V. M. Ananishnev,

S. V. Yugay,

A. P. Ovsov,

MCU, Moscow

         The concept of modernization of higher education places one of the priority areas for Russian universities to move to a higher position in international rankings. This task is impossible without effective monitoring of scientific activity on the basis of a system of indicators unified with international standards. Management of this process is determined by the peculiarities of the international rating systems of the THE, QS, ARWU, in which the level of scientific activity of the university is the dominant factor.

The internationalization of education in the conditions of the globalization taking place in the world caused the need to compare the higher educational institutions of individual countries on certain lists of indicators. These lists are compiled by international rating agencies and are universally recognized in Western countries. However, in Russia the need for cooperation with foreign rating agencies was not recognized for a long time. The importance to the international assessment of the activities of universities was attached only in the 2010s.

Meanwhile, joining the global rating systems not only contributes to the country's prestige, but also stimulates the work on improving the national educational system by bringing it in line with world standards. Therefore, Russia, which was traditionally considered one of the planetary leaders in the field of education development,  was forced to respond to global demands and new world trends in the scientific and educational fields. In the last decade, Russia has for the first time set the task of getting its best universities to take significant positions in international ratings.

On May 7, 2012, the President of the Russian Federation signed Decree №  599 «On measures to implement state policy in the field of education», supplemented on March 16, 2013 by Government Decision № 211 «On Measures of State Support for Leading Universities of the Russian Federation with a view to improving their competitiveness among the world's leading scientific and educational centers». In accordance with these normative acts, the «Project 5-100» was developed, designed for the period until 2020 and aimed at including at least five Russian universities in the list of one hundred of the best universities according to one of the three global rankings - The University of the World Times rating (THE) , World Universities World Ranking (QS) and Academic Ranking of Universities of the World (ARWU). The importance of Russia's inclusion in international studies of the quality of education is confirmed in the Concept of the Federal Targeted Program for the Development of Education for 2016-2020, adopted on December 29, 2014.

According to the decision of the Government, the Council on increasing the competitiveness of the leading universities of the Russian Federation among the world's leading scientific and educational centers began to function in 2013. It was officially announced that the universities that are taking active steps to enter the global ratings will receive subsidies for the implementation of the activities necessary for taking part in the project from the state on a competitive basis. The first to the "Project 5-100" was joined by universities of technical and natural-science profile and only then - humanitarian. The desire of many universities to enter at least one of the three largest world ratings indicates that the Russian system of higher education has the potential for development, the capacity for self-reform and the readiness to compete for the restoration of lost prestige. The problem is reduced only to the reinforcement of ambitions by thoughtful and effective management.

For pedagogical universities as educational institutions of a broad profile, the problem is especially urgent. First, they do not have one clear focus in their activities, training specialists in the teaching of both humanitarian and natural science subjects. Secondly, as a rule, they are little known abroad. Therefore, the prospects for the entry of Russian pedagogical universities into world ratings have not yet been fully clarified. At the same time, it seems that pedagogical universities have certain opportunities to build their work on a competitive basis in accordance with the requirements of international rating agencies.

The article examines the issue of the possibility of Russia's pedagogical universities to get into the global rating.

Keywords: pedagogical higher education institutions; international university rankings; criteria and indicators; monitoring of universities activity; quality of higher education; indicators of education; THE; QS; ARWU.

For citation:

Ananishnev V. M., Yugay S. V., Ovsov A. P. The prospects of inclusion of Russian pedagogical universities into the global university rankings // Systems psychology and sociology. 2017. № 3 (23). Р.

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