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Б.Н. Рыжов - Системная психология
Б.Н. Рыжов - История псих-ой мысли
Содержание №30 2019

Психологические исследования

Коган Б. М., Дроздов А. З. Системная взаимосвязь механизмов психологической защиты и личностных характеристик девушек с несуицидальным самоповреждающим поведением
Арзуманов Ю. Л., Коротина О. В., Абакумова А. А. Личностные особенности людей с зависимостью от синтетического психоактивного вещества
Валявко С. М. О возможности формализации рисуночных методик в специальной психологии: проблемы и перспективы
Захарова Л. Н., Саралиева З. Х.-М., Леонова И. С., Заладина А. С. Усталость как показатель социально-психологического возраста персонала

История психологии и психология истории

Романова Е. С., Рыжов Б. Н. Борис Федорович Ломов — ученый, ставший воплощением своего времени
Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (перевод на английский язык Л.А. Машковой)

Социологические исследования

Добрина О. А. Социальные риски современности и угрозы идентичности: системный анализ концепции «культурной травмы» П. Штомпки
Ткаченко А. В. Системный подход в социологических концепциях Г. Лебона и З. Фрейда

Рецензии

Aleksander T. Review about Old Age and Disability (с переводом на русский язык)
Новлянская З. Н. Психология, литература и кино в диалоге о человеке

Информация

У Дмитрия Владимировича Гандера юбилей!
Сведения об авторах журнала «Системная психология и социология», 2019, № 2 (30)
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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : L. I. Bershedova, L. P. Nabatnikova, B. N. Ryzhov, ILYA REPIN: THE LIFE CIRCLE

  Просмотров: 92

ILYA REPIN: THE LIFE CIRCLE

 

L. I. Bershedova,

L. P. Nabatnikova,

B. N. Ryzhov,

MCU, Moscow,

BershedovaLI@mgpu.ru,

NabatnikovaLP@mgpu.ru,

RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru

 

The article presents a system-psychological analysis of Ilya Repin’s life and work, whose 175th anniversary is celebrated this year. The presented approach based on knowledge of the objectively existing stages of person’s motivation development allows us to offer some views of the motivating reasons for his relationships with people around him and the meaning of a long artist’s block that he experienced on the decline of his life.

The artist’s childhood and youth, the beginning of his career and the circumstances of his first marriage in his youth as well as achieving creative heights during his adulthood are assessed from a systemic psychological points. Particular attention is devoted to the psychological assessment of the artist’s creative searches on the border of his adult and middle age in the 1890s. During these years Repin experienced the most critical period linked both to disagreements between him and his close people and the decline of the old realism art movement, unfolding before him. In addition, all this came against the mid-life crisis, that is specific for the age of 48–50 years and associated with the end of the period systemic development of a person and the beginning of the period of preservation of his inherent ties and relationships, in accordance with the system-psychological concept. Repin’s interest in teaching at the Imperial Academy of Arts was the way out of that crisis for him.

According to systemic-psychological concepts, the average age of a person is replaced by the age of maturity. The existential dominant of this period is altruism. A person returns to family values of a young age, but with a shift in emphasis from the actual reproductive aspirations to psychological interaction and emotional support of each other. This feature of ages and stages personality development is the key to understanding the role of second marriage in the life of an artist.

Finally, the peculiarity of old age, replacing adulthood, is a special attention to issues of self-esteem and protection of one’s personality, his “Self”. These values   will remain dominant at the end of Ilya Repin’s life.

 

Keywords: Repin; psychology of art; motivational sphere; system psychology; system analysis; creativity; the crisis of realism art movement; system periods of person’s life.

For citation: Bershedova L. I., Nabatnikova L. P., Ryzhov B. N. Ilya Repin: the life circle // Systems Psycho logy and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 65–78. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.06.

 

Bershedova Ludmila Ivanovna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Professor at the Department of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: BershedovaLI@mgpu.ru

Nabatnikova Ludmila Petrovna, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: NabatnikovaLP@mgpu.ru

Ryzhov Boris Nikolayevich, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Pedagogical, Developmental and Social Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : D. V. Ivanov, SYSTEMIC IDEAS ABOUT STRUGGLING MAN IN RUSSIAN PSYCHOLOGICAL TRADITION (THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES)

  Просмотров: 92

SYSTEMIC IDEAS ABOUT STRUGGLING MAN IN RUSSIAN PSYCHOLOGICAL TRADITION (THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES)

 

D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

 ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

The article deals with systemic ideas significant for the domestic psychological tradition in the second half of the XIX – early XX centuries regarding the phenomenon of struggle and struggling man. The person was seen to domestic thinkers, advocates of education and public education: V. I. Lyadov, N. F. Bunakov, P. F. Lesgaft, V. V. Gorinevsky, who defended the principle of development in psychological thought, as an individual capable of self-development, and a personality ready for self-improvement. The psychological mechanism of the process of development and self-improvement of a person, his personality was determined by such a phenomenon as «struggle», which allows you to express your essence, helps to reach the top of the development, to find your own human image. The struggle was listed as personally valuable, socially useful, army-military in its causality. According to the modern systemic positions struggle (its characteristics inherent in a particular person) allows to diagnose intellectual, emotional-volitional, valuable motivational features of personality, which had its justification, as shown by the historical and psychological reconstruction and psychological interpretation of scientific texts (articles, brochures, manuals, lectures, monographs), already in the domestic psychological tradition in the second half of the XIX – early XX centuries. The ideogenesis of the problem of struggling man, peculiar to the domestic psychological tradition, contains systemic ideas (statements and views) and a paradigm concerning the ways of formation and improvement of such a person.

 

 

Keywords: systemic ideas; psychological tradition; system positions; struggle; struggling man; statements; paradigm.

For citation: Ivanov D. V. Systemic Ideas about Struggling Man in Russian Psychological Tradition (the Second Half of the XIX – Early XX Centuries) // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 52–64. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.05.

 

Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogics, Associate Professor at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : T. I. Kuzmina, EXPLORING THE SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS IN PERSONS WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES USING CASE STUDY TECHNOLOGIES

  Просмотров: 85

EXPLORING THE SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS IN PERSONS WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES USING CASE STUDY TECHNOLOGIES

 

T. I. Kuzmina,

MSUPE,

ta­1@list.ru

 

The article is devoted to the study of self-consciousness in individuals with impaired intelligence of adolescence and adulthood. The impact of self-consciousness as a regulator of social behavior on the formation of an adequate field of socialization of persons of this category is very large and, first of all, is important for the organization of dialogical relations of the subject with the outside world, which involves a situational request from the communication space and the subject’s response in the form of an act.

It is very difficult for a person with mental retardation to be in dialogical relationships with the outside world. His behavior is most often not conscious, but impulsive, reactive. It is not possible to talk about true awareness of behavior in relation to persons with intellectual disabilities, however, they can understand the causes and consequences of their own actions, especially with specially organized self-knowledge. At the same time, certain helplessness in solving real situational problems related to everyday life, but requiring orientation, evaluation and decision-making from the subject, including the moral plan, is noteworthy.

The author presents the diagnostic methodology “Situations” (stimulus material and criteria-parametric assessment base), which allows to study individual aspects of self-consciousness of persons with mental retardation in the context of solving situational tasks (a case study technology) and substantiating their potential actions in connection with the proposed problems.

The study involved 48 individuals with mild mental retardation aged 17 to 29 years, students and graduates of special (correctional) schools. The results of the study demonstrated the peculiarities of situational self-know ledge of mentally retarded persons at all thematic levels: 1) perception of the situation and potential behavior in it; 2) emotional attitude to the situation; 3) analysis of the individual basis of the act; 4) determination of the context of the act, its causes and consequences.

 

Keywords: situational diagnostics; case study; persons with mental retardation; intellectual disabilities; self-awareness; self-knowledge; self-concept; age; socialization; special-needs school.

For citation: Kuzmina T. I. Exploring the Self-Consciousness in Persons with Intellectual Disabilities using Case Study Technologies // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 39–51. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.04.

 

Kuzmina Tatyana Ivanovna, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Department of Special Psychology and Rehabilitation of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: ta-1@list.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : Sh. R. Khisambeev, VOLUNTARILY EXECUTION OF AN ACTION AS A STAGE OF SUBJECTIVITY DEVELOPMENT

  Просмотров: 80

VOLUNTARILY EXECUTION OF AN ACTION AS A STAGE OF SUBJECTIVITY DEVELOPMENT

 

Sh. R. Khisambeev,

The Kosygin RSU,

khisam@mail.ru

 

The article attempts to consider the genesis of voluntarily execution of various actions as a stage of subjectivity development in anthropogenesis and ontogenesis. Voluntarily performance of an action as a stage or stage of subjectivity formation is identified with volitional regulation of behavior. The transition from imitation to voluntary performance of an action is a phase transition that qualitatively changes behavior.

The main part of the article consists of three sections. The first section provides a brief overview of the formation of ideas about the appearance of will from the pre-scientific period to the present. Russian and foreign approaches to voluntariness are considered, and its connection with the development of higher mental functions is substantiated.

The second section describes a hypothetical reconstruction of the appearance of volitional regulation in the course of anthropogenesis. The essence of the hypothesis is as follows: the emergence of a social environment in ancient people, allowed to preserve artificial behavior programs and broadcast them to new generations through the mechanism of imitation. This contributed to the suppression of animal instincts, forcing to imitate repressed actions formed in society «duplicates»: facial expressions, gestures, shouting and articulate sounds. The appearance of proto-speech created the possibility of replacing the visual sample with a sound symbol, which in the situational context was accompanied by intonation and indication for concretization. Speech as a regulator of behavior, even in its rudimentary form, served as a prerequisite for the coordination of their own actions and the social microenvironment. Thus, the speech format was able to initiate various protocols of behavior of a group member and already in the team feed itself became an act of will.

The third section is devoted to consideration from the standpoint of developmental psychology of the problem of the appearance of volitional regulation in modern children. It is noted that in early childhood, when a child develops speech rapidly, one of the first children learns the imperative form of speech: commands given by adults «give me!», «Bring me!» and etc. Then, in the course of interiorization, the order from the outside turns into self-order, and the word-imperative becomes a means of self-government.

In conclusion of the article it is said that when person’s speech appears for the first time in  human both in the course of anthropogenesis and in ontogenesis, he acquires an instrument of activity regulation — it’s volition. The emergence of arbitrariness of actions becomes a decisive moment in the formation of subjectivity.

 

Keywords: will, action; voluntariness; autonomy; subjectivity; human; personality; nature; speech; environment.

For citation: Khisambeev Sh. R. Voluntarily Execution of an Action as a Stage of Subjectivity Development // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 30–38. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.03.

 

Khisambeev Shamil Raisovich, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Department of Clinical Psychology, Philosophy and Manusologii of the Kosygin Russian State University, Moscow, Russia.

 E-mail: khisam@mail.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : I. N. Kormacheva, N. М. Klepikova, PROCRASTINATION: PHENOMENON AND SCIENTIFIC PROBLEM

  Просмотров: 83

PROCRASTINATION: PHENOMENON AND SCIENTIFIC PROBLEM

 

I. N. Kormacheva,

N. М. Klepikova,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

irina@kormacheva.ru,

nataliaklepikova@yandex.ru

 

The article is devoted to the study of the problem of procrastination and proposes its definition as a phenomenon in terms of various methodological approaches. Analyzing the nature of the inclusion of procrastination into the reality of the mental world, the following aspects are shown: the boundary between procrastination and similar behavioral manifestations (laziness, conscious strategy); the relationship of procrastination with self-esteem, ineffective coping strategies, perfectionism and other personal characteristics as well as the lack of connection with nationality, gender, level of education and intelligence. In the study of procrastination as a system, psychophysiological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, subjective, motivational approaches, theories of laziness and complex theories are considered. Procrastination is proved as a systemic structure. The psychophysiological sources of procrastination are described as well; the sign distinguishing procrastination from laziness is named; irrational and partially unconscious character of procrastination is described. The conclusions present a definition of the phenomenon of procrastination. It is noted that procrastination is reflected in practical sphere of personality and is closely related to cognitive sphere and its sources are in psychophysiology, emotional-volitional and need-motivational spheres of personality. The presence of two plans of procrastination is indicated: external (behavioral) and internal (components of procrastination). Four components of procrastination are named: cognitive, emotional, volitional and motivational. It is emphasized that only these four components of the system and typical behavioral manifestations significantly describe this phenomenon, as well as distinguish procrastination from other similar phenomena.

 

Keywords: procrastination; phenomenon; system; components of procrastination; mental reality.

For citation: Kormacheva I. N., Klepikova N. M. Procrastination: Phenomenon and Scientific Problem // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 18–29. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.02.

 

Kormacheva Irina Nikolaevna, post-graduate student at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology at the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Head of the Psychological Center «Iris», Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: irina@kormacheva.ru

Klepikova Natal’ya Mikhaylovna, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology at the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: nataliaklepikova@yandex.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : Е. S. Romanova, B. М. Abushkin, VALUE-SEMANTIC ORIENTATION OF STUDENTS’ PERSONALITY AS A FACTOR FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR PERSONAL POTENTIAL

  Просмотров: 96

VALUE-SEMANTIC ORIENTATION OF STUDENTS’ PERSONALITY AS A FACTOR FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR PERSONAL POTENTIAL

 

Е. S. Romanova,

B. М. Abushkin,

MCU, Moscow,

RomanovaES@mgpu.ru,

AbushkinBN@mgpu.ru

 

Psychological work with students needs great demands on diagnostic approaches that objectify their individual view of present and future interests. The article presents a diagnostic approach aimed at assessing the orientation of students in the world of personal interests that are usual for active personality, and in the world of social factors that determine the effectiveness of professional activity. The experimental study on a sample of 450 school students showed the high efficiency of the proposed methods to diagnose the features of personal self-realization of adolescents. In particular, the results of the study revealed the desirability of using diagnostic tools for working with students to include them into the creative process of self-reflection. Student self-assessment is paired with evaluating his own personal qualities and is based on the practice of comparative evaluation of the results of different techniques that diagnose various aspects of students’ personal development. The obtained data allowed to see the essence of the problem of self-development in students, based on the broad interest of adolescents to all possible demands of social and professional practice. The personal potential of adolescents that is necessary for successful orientation in all this diversity of opportunities steps aside before the brightness and attractiveness of future prospects. The contradictions revealed in the course of diagnostic, that are discussed with students in terms of desires and opportunities, require the necessary specificity to solve the task of developing the personal potential in students. The article presents statistically processed results that add to this technique extra material for its further criterion evaluation.

 

Keywords: social values; value-semantic orientation; personality; personal potential; professional self-determination; method of pair comparisons; socialization; self-realization; self-expression; psychological work; psychological diagnostics; students.

For citation: Romanova E. S., Abushkin B. M. Value-Semantic Orientation of Students’ Personality as a Factor for Development of Their Personal Potential // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 5–17. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.01.

 

Romanova Evgeniya Sergeevna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Acting Director of the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations at the Moscow City University, Head of the Department of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru

Abushkin Boris Mikhaylovich, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Deputy Director at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: AbushkinBM@mgpu.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 31 : CONTENTS #31

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C O N T E N T S

 

 

Theory and method of Systems Psychology

 

 

Karpov A. V., Perevozkina Yu. M. Structural and temporal system of role socialization

 

 

 

Psychological Researches

 

Korjova E. Yu., Verevkina A. B. Formation of the Individual’s Life Path Psychology: Western and Russian Approaches

 

Klepikova N. M., Kormacheva I. N. Adaptation of the Procrastination Scale and the Irrational Procrastination Scale in P. Steel’s Technique

 

Sheinov V. P. Assertiveness, Manipulation Vulnerability and Emotional Intellect of Individuals

 

Shulekina Yu. A. Specific Development of Symbolic Activity in Younger Students

 

 

 

History of Psychology and Psychology of History

 

 

Romanova E. S. Psychological Techniques for Describing the Characters in F. M. Dostoevsky’s Works

 

Ponomareva E. A., Ponomareva D. I. A. D. Glotochkin’s Contribution to the Development of the Russian Psychological Science

 

Ivanov D. V. Psychological Thought in Russia in the Early XIX Century. A. S. Lubkin

 

 

 

Sociological Researches

 

 

Romanova A. P., Bicharova M. M., Dryagalov V. S. Major Vectors of Religious Transgression in the Youth Environment of Caspian and South Russia

 

Dobrina O. A. Social Risks of Modernity and the Threats to Identity: Systematic Analysys of P. Bourdieu’s Concept

 

 

 

Brief Reports

 

 

Bakshutova E. V., Rulina T. K. On the Issue of Network Promotion of Information

 

 

 

Discussion

 

 

Medintsev V. A. On the Conceptualization of Mental Disorders from the Standpoint of System-Psychological Approach

 

 

 

Information

 

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2019, № 3 (31)

 

Author Guidelines

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 31 : V. A. Medintsev, ON THE CONCEPTUALIZATION OF MENTAL DISORDERS FROM THE STANDPOINT OF SYSTEM-PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH

  Просмотров: 67

ON THE CONCEPTUALIZATION OF MENTAL DISORDERS FROM THE STANDPOINT OF SYSTEM-PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH

 

V. A. Medintsev,

Kiev, Ukraine,

vladislav-medintsev@yandex.ru

 

The article is a comment to the publication of B. Ryzhov “Three diseases and three paradoxical abilities: system-psychological interpretation // System psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 5–18”. In the commentary some methodological, philosophical, diagnostic and art criticism moments of system-psychological interpretation of psychopathologies are considered. In particular, according to the author of the comment, possible different understanding of the product and the productivity of mental activity, as well as types of graphical representation of its characteristics. In particular, the mental abilities of a certain person can be determined by a point with three parameters of space: the number of elements of the system produced by him, the specific complexity of system connections and rate. Then changes in mental abilities will be represented by the trajectory of this point. In the considered methodological context, the answer to the question is also of interest: what is the nature of the transitions between the different states of the system — continuous or discrete.

In the commentary it is noted that taking into account the procedural nature of all components of existence, it is desirable to take into account the variability of all system characteristics in synchrony when constructing a model of system description for the specifics of psychopathologies. At the same time, it is possible to distinguish more or less changeable characteristics of disorders and to build a typology according to this criterion, but in the future it is possible to clarify the dependencies between their changes.

The development of classifications of mental disorders today is in the direction of their standardization as part of medical standards (ICD version). With many positive aspects of the ICD standard, the criteria and levels of classification used in it raise many methodological questions, and this standard is fundamentally different from the “triple” classification used in the article. The existence of present standards for the classification of psychopathologies does not devalue efforts to develop methodologically better approaches. While there are still serious methodological problems in understanding the mechanisms and diagnosing psychopathologies, much clearer criteria for distinguishing them are needed, which can be obtained, in particular, on the basis of in-depth development by the method of systemic psychology.

 

Keywords: system psychology; conceptualization and diagnosis of psychopathology; system volume; system complexity; system formation rate.

For citation: Medintsev V. A. On the conceptualization of mental disorders from the standpoint of systempsychological approach // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 3 (31). P. 124–131. DOI 10.25688/2223- 6872.2019.31.3.12

 

Medintsev Vladislav Aleksandrovich, PhD in Psychology, scientific member of laboratory of methodology and theory of psychology, G. S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology at the National Academy of Pedagogical Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine.

E-mail: vladislav-medintsev@yandex.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 31 : E. V. Bakshutova, T. K. Rulina, ON THE ISSUE OF NETWORK PROMOTION OF INFORMATION

  Просмотров: 76

ON THE ISSUE OF NETWORK PROMOTION OF INFORMATION

 

E. V. Bakshutova,

T. K. Rulina,

SSTU, Samara,

bakshutka@gmail.com,

tatrul@yandex.ru

 

Informational and psychological security of the individual, state and society is becoming an increasingly urgent task: the information field grows extraordinarily, as the number of writers increases, whose motivation is varied – from the formulation and translation of ideas to a simple emotional «splash out», often anonymous. Communications in social networks have an enormous resource of influence and control of mass consciousness. The researchers chose three ways that can influence the group installation of network communities and also can be used as destructive and constructive depending on the motivation of the person who controls network communication.

Typical tools like message automation («bot breeding») and the production of group echo chambers are known as the «secret weapon» of public opinion manipulation technology. However, even if the intentions of the initiators of applying these technologies may be noble, communicators are not always aware (or not at all aware) that they are in a controlled echo chamber or communicate with bots. In contrast to the manipulative approach, the authors substantiate the atypical tool for the contemporary network scriptorics — the script-implant. It supports the group generation of socially productive script consensus, thereby fulfilling the function of peacemaking ideas about the subject of discussion. A tool for suppressing destructive informational and psychological influences is the «script implantation» of information tools (bildmaking, texts and hypertext, categorical prototypes, memes (replicators)) into network processes and social networks.

 

Keywords: verbal prototypes and categories; script; network discussion; information; communication on the Internet; «script implantation»; threat of aggression; resentment; support of group consensual stereotypes.

For citation: Bakshutova E. V., Rulina T. K. On the issue of network promotion of information // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 3 (31). P. 117–123. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.31.3.11

 

Bakshutova Ekaterina Valeryevna, doctor of Philosophy sciences, PhD in Psychology, docent. Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogics of the Samara State Polytech University, Samara, Russia.

E-mail: bakshutka@gmail.com

Rulina Tatyana Konstantinovna, PhD in Pedagogics, docent, Docent at the Department of general and social psychology of the faculty of special education of the Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education, Samara, Russia.

E-mail: tatrul@yandex.ru

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 31 : O. A. Dobrina, SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF P. BOURDIEU’S CONCEPT

  Просмотров: 104

SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF P. BOURDIEU’S CONCEPT

 

O. A. Dobrina,

NSPU, Novosibirsk

dobrina-o@mail.ru

 

This paper purposes to generalize, systematize and clarify the basic concepts of the theory of social risk and threats to identity in scientific creations of P. Bourdieu, French philosopher and sociologist. Bourdieu’s contribution to development of the unifying approach characteristic of modern post-nonclassical sociology is noted. Concepts of the social field, a habitus and symbolical violence are analyzed. The social field is treated as the dynamic system including positions and dispositions of subjects, filled with forces which fight crystallizes in social structures. Habitus is considered as the central backbone category in Bourdieu’s theory. It represents the system of the mental estimating installations on certain patterns of behavior, its structured and structuring motivational structures incorporated by the personality in external and behavioural characteristics. Habitus will define borders of choices and life strategy. Symbolical violence is presented as a form of the power legitimizing a relevant political ratio of forces and, at the same time, hiding mechanisms of influence on mental structures.

The ideas of social risks and threats to identity which implicitly are present at Bourdieu’s theory come to light. The concept of the social field includes risks of uneven distribution of social resources, dissonances of positions and dispositions of social agents, the competing strategy of participants of a sotsialnogovzaimodeystviye. The category of a habitus contains the ideas of risks of mismatch of past experience and relevant problems of the present, unequal social and economic conditions of a sotsiadization imbalanced various social agents. Symbolical violence determines risks of the social conflicts and protest movements, social stagnation and restrictions of social mobility, decrease in creative activity of social subjects.

High level of prospects of the theory of Bourdieu for development of an integrative paradigm of modern sociology, expansion of the subject field of multidisciplinary researches and opportunities of realization of a political ideal Bourdieu — an egalitarian and fair social order is emphasized.

 

Keywords: social space; social field; social agent; habitus; social capital; symbolical power; symbolical violence.

For citation: Dobrina O. A. Social risks of modernity and the threats to identity: systematic analysis of the concept of P. Bourdieu // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 3 (31). P. 105–116. DOI 10.25688/2223- 6872.2019.31.3.10

 

Dobrina Olga Aleksandrovna, PhD in Sociology, associate professor at the Department of social psychology and victimology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Е-mail: dobrina-o@mail.ru


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