Digest

Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality


Preuss F., Perevozkina Yu. M. Interconnection and types of social relations of role socialization system formation: metasystem approach


Ryzhov B. N. The actual-self, ideal-self and hidden-self (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Ryzhov B. N., Tarasova А. А. Emotional Perception of Architectural Objects of 1920–1930s by Moscow Students (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Kondratyev V. M. The Problem of Balance between Morality and Law in Human Education (with a Translation into English)


Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (translated into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Aleksander T. A Review about Old Age and Disability (translated into English by A. Diniejko and into Russian by О. Leszczak)



A. A. Zych Silver University as an alternative for the polish solutions


B. N. Ryzhov THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance


Yu. M. Perevozkina, V. G. Fedosov, F. Prusse Functional organization of impasa-role socialization of youth: metasystemic approach


T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society


G. Gross, J. S. Frolova From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy


Simons G. Tangible threats through intangible means: aspects of BRICS information and communication security


Ryzhov B. N., Mashkova L. A., Stolyarova G. I. Dynamics of motivational indicators in high school

B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology
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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : D. V. Ivanov, THE GENESIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA: THE IDEA OF MAN STRUGGLING IN THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

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THE GENESIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA: THE IDEA OF MAN STRUGGLING IN THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

                                                                                                                D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk

In the history of Russian psychological thought many questions are waiting for their answers. In terms of their search the genesis of psychological thought in Russia of the Enlightenment about the potential of man, the description of his essence (nature) by considering such a unique phenomenon as struggle may be of particular interest.

The psychological thought of the Enlightenment, which adopted traditional approaches (cardiognostic, utopian, apocalyptic), remaining from previous times, looked at  a person in a new way in accordance with the achievements of modern science, seeing in him the subject of the struggle, worthy of being happy in the life independently built by him.

Man struggling in psychological gnosis is characterized as a holistic, socio-cultural individual; he is able to overcome internal and external obstacles of development and self-development, strives for physical, spiritual, moral self-improvement. Russian educators saw struggling people both in everyday life, and in the game, training, work, as well as at the limit of heroic possibilities, including a military case.

The psychological gnosis of the struggle of Russian thinkers is significant for historical and psychological research, as it contains characteristics and modes, with which the image of man struggling is described. Consideration of the genesis of psychological thought in Russia in the age of Enlightenment helps to create "evenness of the fabric of Russian psychology", to place significant emphasis in the emerging ideas about it in new generations of researchers.

 

Keywords: psychological thought; genesis; struggle; human essence; nature; human struggling; psychological reflection; gnosis; psychological system; moral psychology.

 

For citation: Ivanov D. V. The genesis of psychological thought in Russia: the idea of man struggling in the age of enlightenment // Systems Psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 75-83


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : B.М. Abushkin, А.V. Meshchankin N. S. Mertsalova, A SYSTEMATIC ORGANIZATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WORK WITH STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF WRITTEN SPEECH

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A SYSTEMATIC ORGANIZATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WORK WITH STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF WRITTEN SPEECH

 

B.М. Abushkin, 

А.VMeshchankin

     MCU, Moscow,

N. S. Mertsalova,

NMRC for cardiology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow

 

The article deals with a new approach for the system organization of adaptive personal diagnosis and active dialogue with a teenager, aimed at the awareness and development of their personal qualities, as well as social interests and opportunities.

Modern diagnostic practice in the educational sphere uses almost all methodological developments of psychology. The variety of techniques is determined by their measuring characteristics. Many of them date back to the middle of the last century and earlier.

The problem of the system organization of psychologists ' work in solving modern problems of diagnostic work at the school is caused by the disparity in the use of scientific and conceptual apparatus, and in the interpretation of the results, limited to certain aspects of personal portrait. The system approach, typical for the modern stage of building practical work in psychology, involves working with students from the system-formed qualities of the emerging personality.

The proposed approach for the organization of adaptive work with students, taking into account the modern computing capabilities of computers and information technology allows us to enter into a system analysis and forecast on individual aspects of the development of students

To solve this problem, a tool for psycholinguistic analysis of written speech of adolescents was chosen to study the characteristics of the emotional sphere of adolescents.  The paper proposes a method for finding the correlation of cognitive characteristics of a person and his writing based on modern methods of distributive semantics. When developing the methodology, work was done to substantiate a set of basic emotions and on their basis, the subjects were marked with pre-selected adjectives of the Russian language, and the statistics on the proposed adjectives were collected. Further, on the basis of methods of distributive semantics, the generalization of the basic emotions of adjectives into other adjectives of the Russian language obtained in the experiment was carried out. A selection of text and images was developed, the validation of which took place on the control group of 200 people. The collection consisted of 18 text cards and 18 pictures describing the situation of a person's life, which should excite a particular basic emotion. with instructions to the subject-to give a free written response to the proposed text.

On the basis of the control sample of adolescents with known professional prospects, a neural network was trained, which puts professional perspectives in accordance with the emotional portrait and adaptively adapts to all new changes in the future. The first results allowing to judge the validity of the whole software complex are obtained.

 

Key words: psycholinguistics; basic emotions; distributive semantics; cognitive abilities of the brain; written speech; text analysis.

 

For citationAbushkin B. M., Meshchankin A. V., Mertsalova N. S.The systematic organization of psychological work with the students on the basis of psycholinguistic analysis of written speech // Systems Psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 68-74


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : I. A. Kibal´chenko, T. V. Eksakusto, “SUCCESS” CONCEPT ORGANIZATION STYLES EXEMPLIFIED BY THE STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT EXPERIENCE IN PARENTAL FAMILY RELATIONS

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“SUCCESS” CONCEPT ORGANIZATION STYLES

EXEMPLIFIED BY THE STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT EXPERIENCE IN PARENTAL FAMILY RELATIONS

 

I. A. Kibal´chenko,

T. V. Eksakusto,

SFU ICT and IS, Taganrog

 

The article is aimed at showing the “success” concept content, including cognitive, regulative and intentional, emotional and estimation components, reflecting the nature of the “success” concept content, i.e. students take it to mean the result of peculiar efforts and purposeful actions. The deductive content analysis of the «success» concept cognitive structure exemplified by the students with different understanding of the “parental family” notion was used as the main method of the research. Specific peculiarities of the concept mental map were found out in the research. Following “success” concept organization styles were specified as a result of quadri classification: “Accurate fast”, “Accurate slow”, “Inaccurate fast”, “Inaccurate slow”. The research proves that the positive experience in parental family relations leads to an emphasis of the so called “accurate” organization styles, i.e. to the cognitive maturity of a person and the ability to identify any situation in a fast and accurate way. The “success” cognitive notion is integrated with the intellectual and personal resource in this case.  On the contrary, negative experience in parental family relations forms «inaccurate» organization styles, i.e. persons have distorted perception of the “success” notion and its achieving. Thus, the students with the positive experience in parental families differ significantly (φ*emp = 2.321, р≤0,01) from the students with negative experience in such styles as “Accurate fast” and “Accurate slow” (reflexive one) (φ*emp = 1.968, р≤0,05). That is why positive experience in parental family and correct upbringing promotes person’s future cognitive maturity, his/her ability to make accurate decisions, detect different reality situations and make correct decisions to solve the problems.

      

Keywords: style; concept; success; experience in relations; parental family.

 

For citation: Kibal´chenk I. A., Eksakusto T.V. “Success” concept organization stylesexemplified by the students with different experience in parental family relations // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 58-67


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : V. P. Sheinov SOCIAL INTERACTIONS OF ASSERTIVE INDIVIDUALS WITH PEOPLE AROUND THEM

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SOCIAL INTERACTIONS OF ASSERTIVE INDIVIDUALS WITH PEOPLE AROUND THEM

 

V. P. Sheinov

Republican Institute of Higher School,

Minsk, the Republic of Belarus

 

Assertive behaviour is a constructive alternative to manipulation and aggression, so it is crucial to study a wide range of topics related to assertiveness. From the theoretical standpoint, it is paramount that assertiveness includes a relationship among values, opinions and behaviour. It demonstrates itself in practically important aspects of social interactions of assertive people with people around them. The tasks of this investigation are to identify: 1) possible links between one’s assertiveness and the following features: a chosen strategy in a conflict; communicative self-control; degree of   satisfaction with one’s job, marriage and life in general. 2) mental differences when comparing the received results with similar results received by foreign researchers.  In total, 421 respondents took part in the test, including 228 males and 193 females, aged 21-77.   In this experimental research the relationship between assertiveness and other things have been identified, the latter including individual ways of behaving in conflict, communicational self-control, satisfaction with job, the life in general and marriage.  Most of these connections are of a different nature compared to those identified in foreign research. Herewith, the results for males and females are significantly different. The common patterns of behaviour in conflict situations for both genders are a positive relation of assertiveness and rivalry; a negative correlation with strategy of obliging, no relation to strategy of integrating in conflict. An average value for choosing a behaviour of rivalry for males is significantly higher than for females, while female’s strategies of obliging and integrating within conflict are higher than male’s.     

    

Key words: assertiveness; individual; social interaction; strategies of conflict handling; communicative self-control; satisfaction with job; life and marriage; men; women.

 

For citation: Sheinov V. P. Social interactions of assertive individuals // Systems psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 47-57


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : E. S. Romanova, PSYCHOGRAPHIC ASPECT OF F. M. DOSTOEVSKY’S WORKS

  Просмотров: 442

PSYCHOGRAPHIC ASPECT OF F. M. DOSTOEVSKY’S WORKS

 

E. S. Romanova,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article presents a psychological analysis of F. M. Dostoevsky’s literary works through the consideration of psychographic materials of his draft notes of the works. The author proposes to analyze the problem of the psychological identity of a person using his handwritten texts and drawings for it.

The aim of this paper is to study the psychological concept of F. M. Dostoevsky in its artistic embodiment by studying the psychographic experience of the writer.

In the process of the research of Dostoevsky's manuscripts the author relies on analytical comparison of the handwritten texts and drawings of outstanding writers to prove the idea that there is a common style in all graphics of the same person. The author proposes the interpretation of Dostoevsky's personality features and his creative process based on the graphic and graphology methods. The article provides examples of calligraphic notes, Gothic drawings of the author's drafts with the interpretation of their meaning. It is noted that writer’s graphics are an expression of his spiritual and emotional state at a certain moment, that is why Dostoevsky’s drawing and written word within one verbal and graphic composition are made in one graphic manner.

By the author’s opinion, Dostoevsky first used visual images, marked with icons-ideograms, and then he «translated» these images into the language of literature. Dostoevsky’s wordless thinking was supported by a drawing, where the «intermediate» language has become ideographic, and here a drawing turned into a concept. Such ideograms include a lot of information, interpretations that are centered in the concept. All kinds of images and notes in Dostoevsky's diary are combined by a logical connection, by the logic of the writer's creative style. There is a general direction of this movement: from the sensually visual image to the artistic word.

Thus the author pays attention to graphics in general because it clarifies the writer’s identity that can be manifested in this graphic form. A psychological study of the text helps to determine the writer's attitude to the word, his work with the meanings of lexical units and the meaning of the text in the writer's work. Drawings can give an additional information about the personality and peculiarities of thinking of a person during the study of his creative works.

 

Key words: psychological analysis; graphics; graphology; creativity; thinking.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S. Psychographic aspect of F. M. Dostoevsky’s works // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). Р. 31-46


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : R. S. Nemov, D. A. Jatsenko, A SYSTEM PERSPECTIVE ON CONCEPTS OF PERSONALITY

  Просмотров: 511

A SYSTEM PERSPECTIVE ON CONCEPTS OF PERSONALITY

 

R. S. Nemov,

MCU, Moscow

D. A. Jatsenko,

MIP, Moscow

 

The article critically assesses the current state of theoretical research in the field of personality psychology. It is pointed outю that these studies are still divided into many private theories, in which, in turn, not all questions concerning the individual are put and solved. An opinion is expressed and justified on the need to create a holistic, integral personality theory that would be built on a systematic basis and would cover as many issues as possible related to the psychology of the individual. The article contains ideas on the development of such a theory. It is proposed to name the theory discussed in the article, the multidimensional system metaconception of personality, understanding by the concept of a set of assumptions that require further development and verification. In the version of the multidimensional system metaconception of personality contained in the article, answers are offered to the following questions: the subject of psychological research of a person, the definition of a personality, the structure of a personality, the difference of personal properties from other psychological features of a person, the origin of a person, the formation and development of a personality, anomalies in the development of personality, typology of personalities, evaluation of the level of development of the individual, the correlation of the biological and social in the individual, consciousness and unconsciousness in the individual, cultural-historical (personality and behavior), personality and cognitive processes, personality and interpersonal relations, personality and society, methods of investigating the personality, psychocorrection of the personality. In addition to approaches to the systemic solution of each of these issues, its system-forming factor underlying this decision is indicated, and references are given to the work of psychologists, in which there are grounds for the systematic development of relevant issues. In conclusion, on the basis of the proposed systemic conception of personality, hypotheses are proposed that relate to the solution of the issues under discussion.

 

Key words: personality; multidimensional theory; conception; system approach; system-forming principle; system hypotheses.

 

For citation: Nemov R. S., Jatsenko D. A. A System Perspective on Concepts of Personality // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 19–30.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : B. N. Ryzhov, THREE DISEASES AND THREE PARADOXICAL ABILITIES: SYSTEM PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION

  Просмотров: 426

THREE DISEASES AND THREE PARADOXICAL ABILITIES:

SYSTEM PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the justification of a systematic interpretation of pathopsychological disorders of mental system processing in three endogenous (endogenous-organic) mental diseases: a circular (bipolar) disorder, epilepsy and schizophrenia. The methodological basis of the research is the theory of system psychology and the concept of system-psychological genesis of changes in mental activity caused by these diseases. In accordance with this concept a person’ s mental potential is based on a set of characteristics such as the number of elements of a regulated system that are available to a person, the complexity of the connections established in the system and the rate of system formation. It is these three characteristics that might be subject to specific «targeted» changes in three endogenous mental diseases of traditional psychiatry and these diseases have a progredient course and they are not associated with simple involutional processes of old age. System psychological analysis reveals the predominant influence of each of these diseases mainly on a major one characteristic, that is the most vulnerable in this disease. So if it is a circular disorder,  the rate of mental activity (the rate of system formation or the speed of the mind) becomes the most vulnerable characteristic; if it is an epilepsy — the number of elements of the regulated system or the breadth of the mind becomes weaker; and if it is a schizophrenia — the complexity of the links in the system or the depth of the mind becomes weaker.

Methodically the work is based on the use of systematic psychological analysis of the products of a number of outstanding persons of creative professions and public persons, suffering from these diseases. The paper shows that in the depressive phase of a circular disorder the pathological decrease in the rate of mental activity may be interrupted by a paradoxical increase in the rate and efficiency of activity in the manic phase in some exceptional cases (like R. Schumann, for example). Similarly, the typical epilepsy narrowing of mental activity can cause a hypercompensation in equally exceptional cases of the talent (like Napoleon I, Van Gogh, for example), that is reflected in a paradoxical expansion of intellectual abilities due to the effect, similar to the epileptic aura. Thus the growing defect in the organization of system connections in schizophrenia in rare cases of a talent (P. Dadd, for example) leads to the «revival» connectivities of the elements of mental activity, closing them in new and valuable for society composition,  providing a specific type of hypercompensation caused by this disease. 

 

Key words: system psychology; systematic psychological analysis; mental potential; circular disorder; epilepsy; schizophrenia; hypercompensation; hypomaniacal state; depression; epileptic aura; paradoxical abilities; Robert Schumann; Napoleon I; Vincent Van Gogh; Richard Dadd.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N. Three diseases and three paradoxical abilities: system psychological interpretation // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 5-18


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : CONTENTS #28

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CONTENTS #28

 

Theory and Metod of Systems Psychology

 

Tyukov A. A. System Analysis of Subject Categories in the Human-Sciences

Medintsev V. A. Questions of Psychological Knowledge Integration in the Context of Systemic Description of Culture

Ryzhov B. N., Smolovskaya L. B. The Technique for System Diagnostics of a Person’s Motivation and Values: M-test

 

Psychological researches

 

Semenova L. E., Semenova V. E. Psychological Well-Being of Preschool Teachers

Pryakhina T. V., Mishina G. A. The Influence of the Emotional State on the Processing of Emotional Information

Vyatkin V. A., Tallibulina M. T. History and Methodology of the System Research of Abilities and Talents at V. S. Merlin’s School (for the 120th Anniversary Since the Scientist’s Birth)

Ryzhov B. N. The Psychological Age of Civilization: the XV century, the North Renaissance

 

 

History of psychology and psychology of history

 

Ivanov D. V., Galyuk N. A. Psychological Idea in Philosophical and Publicistic Works of Russian Educators from the Beginning of the XIX Century

 

Sociological researches

 

Perevozkina Yu. M., Prusse F. Metasystem Organization of Social-Role Functioning in Youth

Rychikhina E. N., Malinina E. V. The Effectiveness of Social Control in Small Business in a Large Russian City

Bicharova M. M., Topchiev M. S. Family Values Formation in Polycultural Region

 

Information

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2018, № 4 (28)

Author Guidelines

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : «SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 4 (28)

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«SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 4 (28)

 

TYUKOV Anatoly Alexandrovich — PhD (Psychology), an associate professor, a professor of the department of Pedagogical, Developmental and Social Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations, Moscow City University. Е-mail: TukovAA@mgpu.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : M. M. Bicharova, M. S. Topchiev, FAMILY VALUES FORMATION IN POLYCULTURAL REGION

  Просмотров: 466

FAMILY VALUES FORMATION IN POLYCULTURAL REGION

 

M. M. Bicharova,

CIMRT, Astrakhan,

M. S. Topchiev,

ASU, Astrakhan,

 

The problem of the formation and preservation of the family is particularly acute for today’s Russian youth, because it is family values that form the basis of the civic position of young people. The family is one of the most important elements involved in forming the cultural security of the state. However, this structure is not always stable and, once formed, sometimes disintegrates.

Understanding that family values learned from childhood lose their relevance, young families are forced to look for new behavioral patterns. The sources are popular information resources (newspapers, radio, television, the Internet), broadcasting ready-made tips, expert’s advise, Internet articles, thematic blogs, etc.

However, the new mechanisms proposed by the mass culture and the information society, in reality, are often not confirmed by practice and are destructive for the family.

In the framework of the system analysis underlying the research methodology, the characteristic features of the behavior of young people, related to their motivational attitudes and value orientations in relation to family, marriage and parenthood, were studied.

In particular, publicly available data from statistical metabase sites in Russia were analyzed, and our own research was conducted on the impact of national and religious affiliation on the formation of family and other values.

As a result, the main aspects of the influence of religious and cultural transgression on the modern family institution and mechanisms for the formation of family values were identified. Such factors as national and religious affiliation that could directly or indirectly play an important role in shaping these values were evaluated.

 

Keywords: family; family values; nationality; religion; transgression; frontier.

 

For citation: Bicharova M. M., Topchiev M. S. Family values formation in polycultural region // Systems psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 125–135.


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