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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : G. Gross, J. S. Frolova,FROM LONDON TO MOSCOW CORONATIONS: PERCEPTIONS OF MONARCHY

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FROM LONDON TO MOSCOW CORONATIONS: PERCEPTIONS OF MONARCHY

 

G. Gross,

King’s College London University,

United Kingdom (England), London,

J. S. Frolova,

Caspian Institute of Sea & River Transport,

Nizhny Novgorod

 

This article draws comparison between perceptions of monarchy in Great Britain and Tsarist Russia with special reference to coronations. It examines examples from Elizabethan England and Muscovy to the two cousins — George V and Nicholas II. Particular focus will be given to ideas of Divine Right and of the country as a New Jerusalem.

The introductory analysis here, is part of a wider project on British coronations and ceremonial, that in its second stage, will explore in depth, global coronation history.

Much work has been done on Romanov and British ceremonial. In this case, we take the next step, by exploring the surprising similarities and differences from Westminster Abbey to the Kremlin.

Historians are often drawn to see parallels closer to home. Why not compare the crowning of English monarchs to those at Reims in France? We do not seek to reject this important scholarship, but rather to extend such work further afield. Whilst there were obvious differences — the common law, constitutionalism and a radically contrasting structure to society — there was nevertheless, much in common and worth further enquiry. Crucially, contemporaries did not shy away from more distant links, they travelled far and wide, setting up trading posts and correspondence from the Muscovy Company; the trend setting firework displays of London coronation festivities that influenced the grand celebrations of Elizabeth I of Russia in 1742; to the shared holidays of the grandchildren of Queen Victoria. Had Elizabeth Tudor married Tsar Ivan, this work would need no justification at all.

 

Keywords: Coronation; Divine Right; New Jerusalem; Byzantine; Sacerdotal; Kingship; Muscovy; British.

 

For citation: Gross G., Frolova Ju. S. From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 97–110.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova, MIGRATION IN EUROPE AS SYSTEMIC PHENOMENON OF THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY

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MIGRATION IN EUROPE AS SYSTEMIC PHENOMENON OF THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY*

 

T. Macho,

Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany, Berlin,

I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova,

Caspian Institute of Sea & River Transport

 

The article is devoted to the issues of cultural security in modern Europe, and the policy of multiculturalism. It is also considered as a systemic issue of a contemporary society. There a lot of problems of European society such as: a of lack of understanding between the migrants and their host community, the desire to preserve the own identity, not dissolve in the “melting pot” of cultural diversity, are considered today in a new context. The article also considers the problems in the context of PRGIDA movement (patriotic Europeans against the Islamization of the West), which blames immigrants for most the problems which we have nowadays. Heads of State have to put a lot of effort to maintain intercultural interaction and balance between “the own” and “the stranger” in a multicultural and multiethnic society which makes the basis of European cultural security today. This problem is typical for many European countries but the example of Germany in outstanding as it has more migrants than other countries. That is why we give a lot of examples in the context of the situation in Germany. The opinion of the European citizens and their attitude to migrants is also quite different. However, most people in Europe, expressing their opposition to the flow of migrants to their countries also voiced against the PEGIDA movement and draw parallels with fascism.

 

Keywords: policy of multiculturalism; migrants; the movement PEGIDA; Islamophobia; a stranger; the other; the elite; the cultural security.

For citation: Macho T., Lebedeva I. V., Bicharova M. M. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). Р. 82–88.

 

* This article was written with the financial support of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Foundation, project No. 15-33-11172 «Cultural security in heterotopic conditions».


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : D.V. Ivanov, PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEA IN RUSSIA IN THE EARLY XIX CENTURY. P. M. LYUBOVSKY

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PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEA IN RUSSIA IN THE EARLY XIX CENTURY.

P. M. LYUBOVSKY

 

D.V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk

 

The article considers basic scientific and psychological views of the great Russian enlightener of the beginning of the XIX century Pyotr Mikhailovich Lyubovsky, whose years of life are still unknown.

Very little information has been stored about P. M. Lyubovsky. He is a graduate of Kharkov University, master of philosophy with a broad outlook, studied philosophy, psychology, logic, philology. His outlook was formed on the basis of progressive views of the “philosophical century” (the Enlightenment). He was not only the successor of the ideas of Western European scientists, but also the traditions of the Russian thinkers who contributed to the development of national cardiogenetics and rationalist psychology.

The analysis of the creative heritage of the Russian enlightener showed that Lyubovsky made a significant contribution to Russian psychology, writing an interesting treatise, which he presented as a “guide” to the experimental “soul”, emphasizing the difference between rational and empirical psychology. “Dusheslovie” as “the word “about the human soul is one of their interesting directions and” research in the psychological thought of the Enlightenment in Russia. Lyubovsky’s work was interesting for readers, his contemporaries, as it helped identify a number of psychological phenomena and describe them by means of “empirical” research. The 19th century enlightener’s treatise is interesting at the present time as a kind of proof of the independence and originality of the Russian psychological thought, which has passed a long way of its formation and development.

The methodological paradigm, according to which the Russian thinker explains the human nature, allowed him to analyze the sensitivity, the potentiality of cognition inherent to an individual, his desires and will. Lyubovsky was interested not only in human feelings, memory, imagination, attention, but also in laws of mental activity of an individual, speech, the ability to cognize an individual himself, the world around him, his feelings and will.

The consideration of issues connected with the explanation of human nature by the description of the drives (“physical” and “mental”) as the basal causes of action and activities of an individual are particularly interesting for the author of the psychological treatise. The enlightener investigates the problem of temperaments correctly pointing to their mixing in human manifestations. The explanation of Lyubovsky human in man by his desire to work, his reliance on the principle of perfection, which is a cornerstone for psychological thought from ancient times to the present, becomes very significant. Man himself can be prosperous and ready to fight for independent life implementation.

Psychological views and theories of Lyubovsky are connected by internal logic, a single professional thesaurus, find consistency in the presentation. Historical and psychological reconstruction, bibliographic method in this study, along with the psychological interpretation of views, ideas and statements by Lyubovsky allowed to determine his place as significant in the history of Russian psychological thought.

 

Keywords: human nature; cardiogenetics psychology; rational psychology; sensitivity; intelligence; desire; temperament; will; fighting; man fighting; the system of psychological concepts.

 

For citation: Ivanov D. V. Psychological idea in Russia in the early XIX century. P. M. Lyubovsky // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 69–81.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : B. N. Ryzhov, THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: XV Century, the Early Renaissance

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THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION:

XV Century, the Early Renaissance

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

МCU, Moscow

 

The present article is the continuation of research devoted to system periodization of development of European civilization and the comparison of the stages of its development to the corresponding periods of a person’ s life. The beginning of this study published in №№ 14–15 of the journal “System psychology and sociology” includes the description of analogies in the psychological development of a person from birth up to early youth and of the development of European civilization from the V to the XV centuries.

The present part of this work is devoted to the continuation of the description of these analogies in the culture of the XV century.

In particular, the article addresses the evolution of the sense of comic in a person during the transition from adolescence to early youth and in the culture of European civilization of the XV century. The author notes some similarities between jokes and anecdotes that are so typical for adolescents and a farce flourished in the XV century. The farce was an unprofessional theatrical performance at that time arranged by special comic communities of citizens. In that regard the psychological causes of a peculiar sense of comic as the gallowshumor, appeared in the XV century, are considered here, and the history knows François Villon as one of the greatest master of the gallows-humor.

Special attention is payed to the historical background and cultural phenomena of the Early Italian

Renaissance that reflected the characteristic features of emotional and personal development of early youth on an equal basis with the Northern Renaissance Art.

 

Keywords: system periodization of development; psychological age of civilization; centres of European civilization; early youth; psychology of humor; farce; the Early Renaissance; François Villon; Andrea Verrochio.

 

For citation: Rizhov B. N. The psychological age of civilization: XV century, The Early Renaissance // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). Р. С. 59–68.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : B. M. Kogan, T. G. Kulikova, CURRENT RESEARCH OF LOW COGNITIVE TEMPO IN CHILDREN: AN ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW

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CURRENT RESEARCH OF LOW COGNITIVE TEMPO IN CHILDREN:

AN ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW

 

B. M. Kogan,

T. G. Kulikova,

MCU, Moscow

 

This work describes an analytical overview of contemporary world studies complex symptoms, United by the notion of low cognitive tempo (SCT, sluggish cognitive tempo). Currently, the syndrome of low cognitive tempo different researchers or is considered as one of the subtypes of Add (attention deficit disorder without Hyperactivity) or as a separate disorder, children with different diagnostic groups, and also children with normative development. SCT is characterized by the following manifestations: fixity on their views, often fantastic content, lightheaded, decreased motor activity, immobility, poludremotnoe status, etc. Neuropsychological analysis reveals the primarily the problems of maintaining optimum functional State (nejrodinamicheskij deficiency), reducing the speed of information processing and concentration. In the article, based on an analysis of world literature highlights the main indicators that separate symptom low cognitive tempo from the syndrome of hyperactivity with attention deficit (ADHD) already at pre-school age. A separate series of investigation revealed that \a low cognitive tempo is associated with a number of external correlates, including difficulties mastering the child training skills, the presence he has anxiety and or depression, difficulties in social communication with peers and adults. Submitted by analytical overview brings together existing research results at the moment, shows the need for SCT syndrome more detailed examination of the SCT, as a separate infringement, providing meaningful impact on learning processes and activities in all spheres of life, as well as highlights important areas for future research.

 

Keywords: low cognitive tempo; attention deficit disorder; attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; Special psychology; Neuropsychology; nejrodinamicheskij deficiency; slowness; Dreaming awake; Inattentiveness; the speed of information processing; the concentration of attention; learning difficulties; depressivnost; anxiety; communication; social interaction and adaptation.

 

For citation: Kogan B. M., Kulikova T. G. Current research of low cognitive tempo in children: an analytical overview // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 47–58.

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : T. G. Vizel, CONNECTIVITY AND SPEECH

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CONNECTIVITY AND SPEECH

 

T. G. Vizel,

Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow

 

At present, the neuroscience section has received wide recognition, referred to as connectivity. It recognizes that the most important role in speech and cognitive development in general are the connections (conductors) that arise between different areas of the brain. Particular importance is given to the myelination of conductors.

Despite this, the issues of localized transformation, which occur with the consolidation of certain actions, are not considered. As a result, from the field of vision of neuroscience and defectology, the question of the brain organization of skills, and, first of all, speech skills, falls out. Meanwhile, there is reason to believe that skills are integrative units. They combine the functions of different brain zones, which are exempted from the need to participate in each consolidated act. Integrative essence of the skill allows to conclude that the entry into the site of damage zone of its localization leads to the decay (disintegration) of the skill into those constituent parts from which it formed. Thus, the concept of acquisition and disintegration of speech gets an innovative sound.

New ways of studying alalia (violation of the acquisition of speech) and aphasia (disintegration of speech) are opening up. There are also other approaches to correctional training, based on inter-zone connectivity algorithms.

 

Keywords: connectivity; skills; location; higher mental functions; speech; alalia; aphasia; integration; disintegration.

 

For citation: Vizel T. G. Connectivity and speech // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 40–46.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : E. S. Romanova, L. Yu. Ovcharenko, O. V. Chibiskova, PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PSYCHO-PEDAGOGICAL WORK WITH FAMILIES HAVING HOMESCHOOLED CHILDREN

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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PSYCHO-PEDAGOGICAL WORK

WITH FAMILIES HAVING HOMESCHOOLED CHILDREN

 

E. S. Romanova,

L. Yu. Ovcharenko,

O. V. Chibiskova,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article deals with the issues and prospects of psychological and pedagogical work with families having homeschooled children. There is no doubt that a system of education centred on the individual in order to effect on the child’s personality and identify all its unused resources and opportunities, strengthening its position in society is becoming particularly important in terms of contemporary science. Home-based training and education serves to the implementation of a self-paced plan of learning, giving the child the opportunity to work, to dose his educational demands not only during the day, but also throughout the week, allows to take into account the pace of the child, his performance, fatigue and other features.

The article dwells on the results of an extensive study to examine the social demands of Moscow families for the education system in the process of its modernization. It focuses on the analysis of the awareness of parents about family education, its main types and methods, and the level of the demand for such educational form. The findings indicate further conclusions and recommendations on the development of family forms of education. The author highlights the positive and negative aspects of family education and the main reasons for its development and promotion.

 

Keywords: students; family education; home education; socialization; systematic work with families.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S., Ovcharenko L. Yu., Chibiskova O. V. Problems and prospects of psycho-pedagogical work with families having homeschooled children // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). Р. 28–39.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : E. S. Slepovich, A. M. Polyakov, CULTURAL-HISTORICAL APPROACH TO THE DETERMINATION OF THE NORMAL AND ABNORMAL CHILD MENTAL DEVELOPMENT

  Просмотров: 83

CULTURAL-HISTORICAL APPROACH TO THE DETERMINATION

OF THE NORMAL AND ABNORMAL CHILD MENTAL DEVELOPMENT

 

E. S. Slepovich,

A. M. Polyakov,

BSU, Republic of Belarus, Minsk

 

The article presents an analysis of the cultural-historical approach to distinguishing the normal and abnormal child mental development. It’s based on ideas by L. S. Vygotsky, A. R. Luria, D. B. Elkonin, B. V. Zeigarnik, V. I. Lubovsky and their followers about the zone of proximal development, the role of cultural factors in development, the systemic structure of consciousness, the structure of age, the psychological structure of the defect. This approach differs from the traditionally allocated statistical, adaptive, cultural-relativistic, positive (humanistic), negative approaches. Correspondence of mental development to various socio-cultural patterns (models) is considered as a key criterion for norm. The norm of development is understood as an ideal image or project that represents the actual state and possible prospects for the development of a particular child in certain sociocultural conditions. The correspondence of the child’s mental development to the age norms meets the requirements of socialization. The assessment of the correspondence of the child’s mental development to the age norm includes the definition of its dynamics, unique opportunities and limitations in the context of specific sociocultural conditions, the specifics of the systemic interaction of mental functions and the structure of the defect. The possibilities of applying the cultural-historical approach to the definition of normal and abnormal development in the sphere of psychological care for children with developmental disabilities (for example children with learning disabilities) are analyzed. Among the advantages of using the approach in the study and diagnosis of abnormalities of mental development it is noting the possibilities of revealing not only its limitations, but also its potential, assessing the impact of existing disorders on various spheres of activity, the system interaction of sane and impaired functions, and the qualitative specificity of the psychic development in a particular child. This is especially important take into consideration when working with children with mild and combined developmental disorders.

 

Keywords: cultural-historical approach; normal mental development; abnormal mental development; sociocultural model; zone of proximal development; learning disabilities.

 

For citation: Slepovich E. S., Polyakov A. M. Cultural-historical approach to the determination of the normal and abnormal child mental development // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 18–27.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : E. S. Romanova, S. B. Shubin, L. I. Gladar, M. V. Kurasov, PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF ADOLESCENTS WITH HIGH LEVELS OF COMPUTER ADDICTION

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PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF ADOLESCENTS WITH HIGH LEVELS OF COMPUTER ADDICTION

 

E. S. Romanova, S. B. Shubin,

MCU, Moscow

L. I. Gladar, M. V. Kurasov.

School № 1021, Moscow

 

The purpose of this article is to indicate some specific psychological aspects of the personality in adolescents with higher levels of computer addiction and another purpose is also to clarify the psychological criteria for the term «Computer/ game addiction». This study examined 142 adolescents aged 13–16 years and 30 students of them having high levels of computer addiction were selected for the experimental group through testing for computer addiction who play video games and use social networks on a regular basis an average 49 hours per week. The results showed that adolescents with computer addiction have some certain psychological aspects, it means that they have signs of emotional instability and a low rate of courage and adventurism, they also show a shyness, they are very dependent on others, tend to reduced self-control and self-discipline; have a low rate of empathic abilities and self-esteem, a low level of social activity with adequate and fairly high social expectations.

The conducted testing and a focus group research clarified the diagnostic criteria for computer addiction.

In fact, according to the results of the study the most distinguishing features of computer addiction are: the time, spending on video games and social networks ( from 35 to 50 hours per week); constantly thinking and worry about a game process and/ or the process of activity in the social networks, being far outside the computer;a control disorder over the game or visiting social networks; a feeling of discomfort associated with social anxiety when communicating is outside the network; a negative impact on educational activity and other spheres of life, while maintaining a capability to use video games and/ or social networks at the same time.

 

Keywords: computer addiction; diagnostic criteria; psychological features of personality; computer virtual space; video games; social network; adolescents.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S., Shubin S. B., Gladar L. I., Kurasov M. V. Psychological features of adolescents with high levels of computer addiction // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 5–17.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 25 : CONTENTS #25

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CONTENTS #25

 

Psychological researches

 

Valyavko S. M., Staroverova M. S. Voluntary Regulation in Preschoolers with Disabilities in the Context of Psychological Counselling

Shamshikova O. A., Klepikova N. M., Taygulova G. S. Psychometric Analysis of the Questionnaire «Diagnostics of Self-Consciousness Forms» by Z. Zaborowski and A. Oleszkiewicz

Ponomareva E. A., Ponomareva D. I., Afonskaya T. A. The Features of Personal Determination and Correction of the Aggressiveness in Adolescents

Shulekina Ju. A Polycode Text Comprehension in Preschoolers

Romanova E. S., Abushkin B. M. Psychological Councelling for Adolescents in Situations of Their Professional Choice

 

History of psychology and psychology of history

 

Ryzhov B. N. The Psychological Age of Civilization: the XIV Century, the North Renaissance

Ivanov D. V., Galyuk N. A. Psychological Idea in Russia in the XIII Century: to Origins Basic Ideas about Human Potential, His Struggle and Labor

Bershedova L. I., Nabatnikova L. P. A Psychological Aspect of a Family in Kuprin’s Destiny and Creative Activity

 

Sociological researches

 

Lenkov S. L., Matsyuk T. B. Comparative System Analysis of the Phenomena of Volunteerism and Volunteering

Yudina E. N., Moroz N. A. The Category «Lifeworld» in Sociology and Literature

 

Information

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2018, № 1 (25)

Author Guidelines

 


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