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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : T. N. Brazgun, V. V. Tkacheva, ISSUE OF DYSFUNCTIONALITY OF THE FAMILIES WHO ARE PARENTING CHILDREN WITH DISABILITY

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ISSUE OF DYSFUNCTIONALITY OF THE FAMILIES

WHO ARE PARENTING CHILDREN WITH DISABILITY

 

T. N. Brazgun,

Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow,

V. V. Tkacheva,

Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow,

 

The article deals with the study of functioning of families with disabled children. The birth of a baby with a disability can be a traumatic event for parents and can have profound effects on the entire family.

The birth of disabled children may affect such family functioning characteristics as cohesion, emotional bond, satisfaction, roles, communication, etc.

It is essential that the specialists should be equipped the variety of measures to examined the interpersonal relationships, so that the psychologist can develop the programs to correct the destructive forms of relations.

The authors present the program of family functioning studies and the results of functioning research of the families who are parenting a child with disability.

In the study participated 30 families raising disabled children aged 6 to 14 years with moderate to severe mental retardation, motor disorders and autism spectrum disorders. In total, the study involved 98 people.

The both of them adults and children completed the diagnostic tests and procedures to assess some general characteristics of family relationships and specific aspects of family functioning, such as dominance-submission, cohesion, communication, satisfaction, roles etc.

The results suggest that family functioning when there is a disabled child might be injured as for the individual parameters and combination of parameters.

 

Keywords: family functioning; interpersonal relationships; family; disabled children.

 

For citation: Brazgun T. N., Tkacheva V. V. Issue of dysfunctionality of the families who are parenting children with disability // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 84–98.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : A. B. Karpov, EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT — A FACTOR OF WORK MOTIVATION

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EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT — A FACTOR OF WORK MOTIVATION

 

A. B. Karpov,

NPF Materia Medica Holding, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the problem of work engagement, it provides the literature review on this issue.

The analysis of the literature reveals the discrepancy between a large number of different theories of motivation for the needs of modern organizations, the absence of a single universal theoretical model of work motivation, and a methodology that can measure the degree of work motivation for a particular activity in an organization.

All this would allow the employer to create organizational mechanisms stimulating high labor efficiency.

The concept of work engagement as a factor of high productivity of workers is introduced.

The article presents the results of the study of work engagement of the employees of the pharmaceutical company LLC “NPF “Materia Medica Holding”. According to the results of the study there is a discussion of the patterns of the work engagement factors, subjective perception of the engagement of colleagues and objective engagement in different functional groups, as well as the relationship of engagement with the effectiveness of the employees and turnover in different divisions in the period before and after the research.

 

Keywords: engagement; work motivation; satisfaction; labor efficiency; turnover; business indicators; organizational loyalty; effectiveness.

 

For citation: Karpov A. B. Employee engagement — a factor of work motivation // Systems psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 74–83.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : I. V. Martynenko, S. V. Kondukova,SPECIAL FEATURES IN DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATIVE READINESS FOR SCHOOLING IN PRESCHOOLERS WITH SYSTEM SPEECH DISORDERS

  Просмотров: 23

SPECIAL FEATURES IN DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATIVE READINESS

FOR SCHOOLING IN PRESCHOOLERS WITH SYSTEM SPEECH DISORDERS

 

I. V. Martynenko,

National Pedagogical University named after M. P. Dragomanov, Kiev, Ukraine,

S. V. Kondukova,

Kindergarten № 37 at the JSCo «RZD», Moscow

 

The article presents theoretical and experimental approaches to the concept of «communicative readiness», its content characteristics regarding the children of senior preschool age with system speech disorders (SSD) of primary genesis. The findings of the experimental study of the communicative activity in children of this category are described in the article. The review of the obtained results allowed the authors to conclude that the following components of communicative readiness for the school education were insufficiently developed: means of communication and communicative skills, stable structurally organized communicative activity, and personal communicative arsenal of the children with SSD. For the purpose of systemic intervention, the directions, stages and content of psycho-correctional work aimed at the development of communicative readiness of children with system speech disorders were defined.

The authors also provide theoretical background for correctional and educational work with children directly, and with the teachers and their parents indirectly.

Correction and developmental influence on the communicative development of children with system speech disorders of senior preschool age was carried out with the help of the three-component psychocorrectional work system, involving five stages of implementation: informative and activating; motivational and developing; productive and activity; verbal and reproductive; creative and transformative. Each stage is presented with detailed description of its content and administrative features concerning cooperation with the teachers, parents and children.

The proposed psycho-correctional technologies were used to improve and develop structurally organized communicative activity of children of senior preschool age with system speech disorders combining its operational (communication skills) and personal (communicative features) components. The complex of the described components allowed providing comprehensive influence on the communicative development of the children with SSD, which, in the authors’ opinion, will allow the children to communicate successfully not only within trained situations, but also in the informal environment with peers and adults

 

Keywords: communicative activity; communicative readiness for school; children of the senior preschool age; the General underdevelopment of the speech; psychocorrection work.

 

For citation: Martynenko I. V., Kondukova S. V. Special features in development of communicative readiness for schooling in preschoolers with system speech disorders // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 63–73.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : I. Yu. Berezina, L. I. Sumskiy, A. Yu. Mikhailov, ASSESSMENT OF MEMORY IN TRANSIENT GLOBAL AMNESIA

  Просмотров: 18

ASSESSMENT OF MEMORY IN TRANSIENT GLOBAL AMNESIA

 

I. Yu. Berezina,

 L. I. Sumskiy,

A. Yu. Mikhailov,

Sklifosovsky Institute for Emergency Medicine, Moscow

 

To assess the functional state of the basic systems of the brain and structures for the operation of the machines memory in patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) 12 patients (average age — 67,8 ± 9,9 years) with the presence of TGA episodes were examined. The control group consisted of 15 healthy subjects (average age of 30,1 ± 1,8). EEG and auditory event-related potential (P300) were recorded on electroencephalograph “Neuron-Spectrum-5”, the company “Neurosoft” (Russia). To localize equivalent dipole sources abnormal activity and the P300 component was used “BrainLoc 6.0” (Russia) [4]. The study showed that in 75 % cases, EEG in patients with TGA registered paroxysmal activity dominant in the left hemisphere with localization of equivalent dipole sources these oscillations in мedio-basal parts of the temporal lobe on the left, or submitted to bilateral, generalized discharges, mainly “sharp waves” with equivalent dipole sources localization of these oscillations in мedio-basal parts of the frontal and temporal lobes on both sides.

According auditory event-related potential associated with the event celebrated the lengthening of the latent period components, N200, P300 and reduction of response amplitude in both hemispheres. Maximum extension of the latent period component P300 and the amplitude decrease was observed in the fronto-temporal leads.

 

Keywords: transient global amnesia; EEG; auditory event-related potential (P300).

 

For citation: Berezina I. Yu., Sumskiy L. I., Mikhailov A. Yu. Assessment of memory in transient global amnesia // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 50–62.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : S. M. Valyavko, THE DEVELOPMENT OF A GENDER IDENTITY IN CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE

  Просмотров: 19

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A GENDER IDENTITY

IN CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE

 

S. M. Valyavko,

MCU, Moscow

 

Since the last century the problems of gender equality or even leveling of gender boundaries have been actively discussed in society. Often some publications report that there is a real «gender war». Many scientific branches are seriously considering the abolition of gender division. Psychologists insist upon a different point of view on gender differences, pointing to the existing features of gender behavior.

Modern science distinguishes the terms «sex» and «gender». Sex (i. e. the biological features) refers to the main psychological and social differences between women and men. Gender or gender-marked representations is referred to signs of gender culture that a person learns and reproduces. There is no doubt that the biological characteristics of sex are refracted in the individual consciousness through the social representations, i. e., in the process of education and socialization of the individual through the assimilation of gender stereotypes prevalent in society and social institutions: family, the mass media and etc. Gender  socialization is represented by two strategies in the modern society: traditional (differentiated by sex) and alternative (egalitarian, the result of gender socialization). But they are also variable: there are different variants of male identity — masculinity and different variants of female identity — femininity.

The article considers the problem of the development of a gender identity in older preschool age children with normal and impaired speech development. According to the study, the assimilation of gender standards in boys with speech dysontogenesis is faster than in girls. This allowed the author to form a hypothesis that compensation of speech defects goes through the other non-speech representations, in particular, by showing signs of typical gender behaviour.

 

Keywords: gender; gender identity; gender differences; gender behaviouг; age and sex identification; psychological age; senior preschoolers; speech disorders; general underdevelopment of speech.

 

For citation: Valyavko S. M. The development of a gender identity in children of preschool age // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 39–49.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : E. S. Romanova, L. I. Bershedova, INFORMATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY FOR ADOLESCENTS: SYSTEMIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

  Просмотров: 14

INFORMATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY FOR ADOLESCENTS:

SYSTEMIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

 

E. S. Romanova,

L. I. Bershedova,

MCU, Moscow

 

In the article the problem of information and psychological security for adolescents is considered on the basis of a system-psychological analysis that assumes the definition of not only the essential characteristics of the phenomenon of information-and-psychological security, but also the psychological mechanisms of its development. Information and psychological security is defined as a psychological characteristic of the individual, designed to ensure the security of adolescents in the information environment. The content characteristics of the child’s IPI are derived from an understanding of the threats to information impacts, their mechanisms and the consequences of negative impacts, external and internal hazards. As external, manipulative effects on the adolescent’s personality, his consciousness and emotional-volitional sphere, sources of “illusory reality”, resources propagating cruelty and violence, cyberbullying are singled out. Internal sources of danger are analyzed in the context of individual and personal characteristics and characteristics of adolescents’ self-awareness.

To a special group of risk are adolescents with signs of trouble in interpersonal relationships and communication. On the basis of these data, the IPS is defined as a systemically organized entity that reflects the aggregate of three components — object, subject, intersubject, whose interaction and coherence determines the measure of the protection of children from the negative influences of the information environment.

The materials of the article cover the issue of psychological mechanisms of development, which allow initiating an increase in the protective functions of information and psychological safety of adolescents. The structural and functional system of psychological mechanisms reflects the main problems of the development of information and psychological safety for adolescents and is constructed taking into account the activation of mechanisms at all levels — universal, generalized and specifically acting in a particular situation. The choice of psychological mechanisms was carried out on the basis of age characteristics of adolescents and those problems that hinder their effective protection from negative information impacts.

The final part of the article presents a conceptual model of the development of information and psychological safety for adolescents, whose versatility allows in a schematic form to reproduce the process of formation of information and psychological safety of adolescents in the aggregate of functionally interrelated components and mechanisms of their development as an integrated system.

 

Keywords: information-psychological security; psychological mechanisms of development; a conceptual model of information-psychological security.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S., Bershedova L. I. Information and psychological security for adolescents: systemic and psychological analysis // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 26–38.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : V. P. Sheinov, DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEST «PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF THE RISK OF ADULT-INDIVIDUAL VICTIMIZATION»

  Просмотров: 19

DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEST «PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

OF THE RISK OF ADULT-INDIVIDUAL VICTIMIZATION»

 

V. P. Sheinov,

Republican Institute of Higher Education,

Minsk, Republic of Belarus

 

Victimness — the tendency to become a victim of crime, accident, intentional actions of other people; victimization — an event of violence or experience of experiencing violence, the process of turning a person into a victim of criminal assault, and the result of this process. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid test to assess the psychological risk factors of victimization. Tasks for the corresponding questionnaire, which differentiate the degree of manifestation of victimization, are obtained by using a combination of external, deductive and inductive strategies. In the pilot study, two contrasting groups of subjects, numbering 389 and 400 people, participated, comparing the indicators of which allowed to select differentiating tasks. It is shown that the constructed victimization risk test satisfies three standard reliability criteria (internal consistency, reliability of test parts, retest stability). The developed test is valid because it meets all known validity criteria: validation in the process of test design, validity of meaningful, «obvious», current and prognostic, consensus, constructive, convergent, contrast, gender. The scales (subtests) of the test diagnose seven types of victimization: general and realized victimization, propensity to aggressive, self-destructive, dependent and uncritical type of victim behavior and the degree of insecurity from manipulation. Victimization diagnosed with this test is positively correlated with a propensity for risky behavior, with anxiety, depression and low self-esteem and is negatively associated with assertiveness — all this corresponds to the essence of victimization. Standardization of the developed test was carried out on a representative sample of 563 men and 513 women. Representativeness of samples in the study is provided by a wide representation of the subjects by sex, age, education, profession, job position, social status, region of residence and is confirmed by the normal distribution of test results.

 

Keywords: psychological factors; risk of victimization; reliability; validity; risk behavior; anxiety; depression; self-esteem; assertiveness; men; women.

 

For citation: Sheinov V. P. Development of the test «Psychological factors of the risk of adult-individual victimization» // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 14–25.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : B. N. Ryzhov, L. B. Smolovskaya, THE TECHNIQUE FOR SELF-APPRAISAL OF EMOTIONAL TONE AND ACTIVITY SETA

  Просмотров: 17

THE TECHNIQUE FOR SELF-APPRAISAL

OF EMOTIONAL TONE AND ACTIVITY SETA

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

L. B. Smolovskaya,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the description of a new psychodiagnostic technique SETA (Self-apprasal of emotional tone and activity), designed to assess the important components of the emotional state — an emotional tone and its accompanying activity. To represent these indicators, the form of two orthogonal axes (with two scales — «Рleasure» and «Еxcitement») was chosen. It allows to visualize a set of possible emotional states as a two-dimensional array of data or a matrix of states (the dimension is 8 × 8), each element of which corresponds to a certain point of qualitative orientation and intensity of the emotion experienced.

The test procedure is as follows: a person should fix his current appropriate state and fill it in the relevant cell of the test area.

In accordance with the methodological terms of V. Wundt’s emotions theory, the SETA technique can be used both in a blank version or in a modern computer application program version — it can be downloaded to a smartphone or computer.

To assess the effectiveness of the use of the SETA method in 2018, a pilot study was conducted, and 62 people participated in it — 30 men and 32 women, aged 18–28 years. They were asked to watch four video episodes, supposed to provoke different emotional states. After watching each video episodes, the subjects were asked to assess their emotional state according to SETA technique and SAN technique.

The results of the study have been fully confirmed by the internal validity and reliability of the SETA technique. A comparative analysis of SETA and SAN methodologies showed that there is a correlation between the «Fun» and «well-being» scales (r = 0,417), and between the «Excitation» and «Activity» scales (r = 0,527), indicating external validity of the technique SETA.

The simplicity and convenience of the SETA technique in use for both the subject and the interpreter as well as the possibility of its repeated use together with a short testing time allows us to recommend a technique for a rapid diagnostics of the emotional state of a person and his emotional reactions under the influence of various emotional stimuli. The SETA technique can be applied in the field of education and social protection as well as in ergonomic and marketing researches.

 

Keywords: emotional tone; emotional state; activity, excitement; calm; pleasure; displeasure; self-diagnosis.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N., Smolovskaya L. B. The technique for self-appraisal of emotional tone and activity SETA // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 5–13.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : CONTENTS #26

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CONTENTS #26

 

Psychological researches

 

Romanova E. S., Shubin S. B., Gladar L. I., Kurasov M. V. Psychological Features of Adolescents with High Levels of Computer Addiction 

Slepovich E. S., Polyakov A. M. Cultural-Historical Approach to the Determination of the Normal and Abnormal Child Mental Development

Romanova E. S., Ovcharenko L. Yu., Chibiskova O. V. Problems and Prospects of Psycho-Pedagogical Work with Families Having Homeschooled Children

Vizel T. G. Сonnectivity and Speech

Kogan B. M., Kulikova T. G. Current Research of Low Cognitive Tempo in Children: an Analytical Overview

 

History of psychology and psychology of history

 

Ryzhov B. N. The Psychological Age of Civilization: XV Century, The Early Renaissance

Ivanov D. V. Psychological Idea in Russia in the Early XIX Century. P. M. Lyubovsky

 

Sociological researches

 

Macho T., Lebedeva I. V., Bicharova M. M. Migration in Europe as Systemic Phenomenon of the Contemporary Society

Gross G., Frolova Ju. S. From London to Moscow Coronations: Perceptions of Monarchy

 

Information

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2018, № 2 (26)

Author Guidelines

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : «SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 2 (26)

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«SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 2 (26)

 

ROMANOVA Evgeniya Sergeevna — doctor of psychology, full professor. Director of the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations at the Moscow City University. Head of the department of General and Practical Psychology at IPSSR at the Moscow City University. Honorary Teacher of the Russian Federation, Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation. Laureate of the President of the Russian Federation Education Award in 1998. Laureate of the Russian Federation Government Education Award in 2009. Honorary Professor of the Moscow City University, member of the Presidium of Educational and Methodological Consolidation of the Universities of the Russian Federation. Honorary Worker of Higher School of the Russian Federation. E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru


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