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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 30 : Yu. L. Arzumanov, О. V. Korotina, А. А. Аbakumova, PERSONAL SPHERE PECULIARITIES IN PERSONS WITH SYNTHETIC PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE

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PERSONAL SPHERE PECULIARITIES IN PERSONS WITH SYNTHETIC PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE

 

Yu. L. Arzumanov,

О. V. Korotina,

АААbakumova,

The Serbsky NMRC PN, Moscow,

arzumanov42@mail.ru,

ole4ka_koroti4@mail.ru,

abakumova46@mail.ru

 

Numerous clinical studies show that drug addicts, using synthetic psychoactive substances, quickly formed social maladjustment, higher risk of intoxication psychosis, often manifest emotional and personal disorders and violations of volitional processes, as well as more intensively manifested a number of negative consequences in the cognitive sphere, which are accompanied by systemic specific violations of attention, perception, memory, thinking.

This study aims to identify the emotional-personal characteristics of drug addicts who use synthetic psychoactive substance methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) in comparison with the group of healthy individuals on special scales short version of the Minnesota multi-factor personality questionnaire MMPI — method «Mini-mult».

It is revealed that the dependents are dominated by primitive everyday thinking, social maladjustment, indifferent attitude to their own lives, low productivity of mental activity, dysthymia. The data that show significant differences in the emotional and personal sphere on the profile scales of depression, psychasthenia and schizoid in drug addicts from psychoactive substance MDPV and healthy subjects. On a scale of «Depression» in dependent people performance is higher than in healthy individuals. This may be due to a high level of personal anxiety, growing sense of fear, panic, thoughts of death, low self-esteem, stigmatization of the disease of drug addiction and the formation of the personality of a drug addict. On the scales of «Psychasthenia» and «Schizoid» in people who use the drug, with a high degree of reliability, the indicators are lower than in healthy people. The decrease in the indicators on the scale of «Psychasthenia» in dependent people reveals such features as cowar dice, suspicion, distrust, caution, a tendency to lie, lack of will, a tendency to manipulation. Evaluation of the results on the scale of «Schizoid» indicates such traits as scarcity of thinking, a tendency to fantasize, resonance.

 

Keywords: psychoactive substances; synthetic cathinone; methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV); drug dependent personality; personal sphere; willpower.

For citation: Arzumanov Yu. L., Korotina O. V., Abakumova A. A. Personal Sphere Peculiarities in Persons with Synthetic Psychoactive Substance Dependence // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 2 (30). P. 13–23. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.30.2.02

 

Arzumanov Yuriy Leonidovich, Doctor of Medical Sciences (MD), Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology at the National Scientific Research Institute for Addictions — a Branch of the Serbsky National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: arzumanov42@mail.ru

Korotina Olga Viktorovna, medical psychologist of the highest qualification category, Researcher at the Department of Psychotherapy and Medical Rehabilitation in Outpatient Setting at the National Scientific Research Institute for Addictions — a Branch of the Serbsky National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

 E-mail: ole4ka_koroti4@mail.ru

Abakumova Alla Alekseyevna, PhD in Biology, Senior scientist at the Laboratory of Clinical Neurophysiology at the National Scientific Research Institute for Addictions — a Branch of the Serbsky National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: abakumova46@mail.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 30 : B. M. Kogan, A. Z. Drozdov, SYSTEM LINKS BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN GIRLS WITH NON-SUICIDAL SELF-DAMAGING BEHAVIOR

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SYSTEM LINKS BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN GIRLS WITH NON-SUICIDAL SELF-DAMAGING BEHAVIOR

 

B. M. Kogan,

MCU,  Moscow,

KoganBM@mgpu.ru,

A. Z. Drozdov,

The Serbsky NMRC PN, Moscow,

alex00582@yandex.ru

 

By auto-aggressive behavior in modern clinical psychology and psychiatry is understood as conscious or non-comprehensible actions aimed at inflicting self-harm in both the physical and mental spheres. In the profile literature, this behavioral phenomenon is considered by many authors as one of the destructive mechanisms of psychological defense. Moreover, auto-aggressive behavioral acts can phenotypically manifest in self-incrimination, including the formation of a complex of guilt and sinfulness, self-humiliation, often reaching the neurotic self-flagellation syndrome, inflicting varying severity of injuries, often suicidal attempts, alcohol abuse, or other psychoactive substances paraphilic forms of sexual behavior, the desire to participate in extreme sports competitions, the preference of dangerous for Hur and professions of life. But manifestations of auto-aggression, of course, cannot be interpreted only by a clinical masochistic interpretation.

The article presents the results of studying the hierarchy of psychological defense mechanisms and personal characteristics of 104 somatically and mentally healthy girls, most of whom used auto-aggressive behavior in the anamnesis to overcome frustration caused by psycho-emotional stress.

In conclusion, the authors discuss the identified features of the use of girls with non-suicidal selfdamaging behavior in the history of psychological defense mechanisms and their personal characteristics in terms of understanding this anti-stress action as a special destructive coping strategy and pathological soil for the formation and development of specific addiction.

 

Keywords: non-suicidal self-damaging behavior; psychological defense mechanisms; impulsivity; mental disorders; physical disability; auto-aggressive behavior; personality characteristics.

For citation: Kogan B. M., Drozdov A. Z. System Links between Psychological Defense Mechanisms and Personality Characteristics in Girls with Non-Suicidal Self-Damaging Behavior // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 2 (30). P. 5–12. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.30.2.01

 

Kogan Boris Mikhaylovich, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical and Special Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology, Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: KoganBM@mgpu.ru

Drozdov Alexander Zosimovich, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Laboratory at the Serbsky National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: alex00582@yandex.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 30 : B. M. Kogan, A. Z. Drozdov, SYSTEM LINKS BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN GIRLS WITH NON-SUICIDAL SELF-DAMAGING BEHAVIOR

  Просмотров: 12

SYSTEM LINKS BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGICAL DEFENSE MECHANISMS AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN GIRLS WITH NON-SUICIDAL SELF-DAMAGING BEHAVIOR

 

B. M. Kogan,

MCU,  Moscow,

KoganBM@mgpu.ru,

A. Z. Drozdov,

The Serbsky NMRC PN, Moscow,

alex00582@yandex.ru

 

By auto-aggressive behavior in modern clinical psychology and psychiatry is understood as conscious or non-comprehensible actions aimed at inflicting self-harm in both the physical and mental spheres. In the profile literature, this behavioral phenomenon is considered by many authors as one of the destructive mechanisms of psychological defense. Moreover, auto-aggressive behavioral acts can phenotypically manifest in self-incrimination, including the formation of a complex of guilt and sinfulness, self-humiliation, often reaching the neurotic self-flagellation syndrome, inflicting varying severity of injuries, often suicidal attempts, alcohol abuse, or other psychoactive substances paraphilic forms of sexual behavior, the desire to participate in extreme sports competitions, the preference of dangerous for Hur and professions of life. But manifestations of auto-aggression, of course, cannot be interpreted only by a clinical masochistic interpretation.

The article presents the results of studying the hierarchy of psychological defense mechanisms and personal characteristics of 104 somatically and mentally healthy girls, most of whom used auto-aggressive behavior in the anamnesis to overcome frustration caused by psycho-emotional stress.

In conclusion, the authors discuss the identified features of the use of girls with non-suicidal selfdamaging behavior in the history of psychological defense mechanisms and their personal characteristics in terms of understanding this anti-stress action as a special destructive coping strategy and pathological soil for the formation and development of specific addiction.

 

Keywords: non-suicidal self-damaging behavior; psychological defense mechanisms; impulsivity; mental disorders; physical disability; auto-aggressive behavior; personality characteristics.

For citation: Kogan B. M., Drozdov A. Z. System Links between Psychological Defense Mechanisms and Personality Characteristics in Girls with Non-Suicidal Self-Damaging Behavior // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 2 (30). P. 5–12. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.30.2.01

 

Kogan Boris Mikhaylovich, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical and Special Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology, Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: KoganBM@mgpu.ru

Drozdov Alexander Zosimovich, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Laboratory at the Serbsky National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: alex00582@yandex.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : CONTENTS #29

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CONTENTS #29

 

Theory and Metod of Systems Psychology

 

Ryzhov B. N. Three Diseases and Three Paradoxical Abilities: System Psychological Interpretation

Nemov R. S., Jatsenko D. A. A System Perspective on Concepts of Personality

 

Psychological researches

 

Romanova E. S. Psychographic Aspect of F. M. Dostoevsky’s Works

Sheinov V. P. Social Interactions of Assertive Individuals with People around Them

Kibal’chenko I. A., Eksakusto T. V. «Success» Concept Organization Styles Exemplified by the Students with Different Experience in Parental Family Relations

Abushkin B. M., Meshchankin A. V., Mertsalova N. S. A Systematic Organization of Psychological Work with Students on the Basis of Psycholinguistic Analysis of Written Speech

 

History of psychology and psychology of history

 

Ivanov D. V. The Genesis of Psychological Thought in Russia: the Idea of Man Struggling in the Age of Enlightenment

 

Sociological researches

 

Zych A. A. «Silver University» as an Alternative for the Polish Solutions (with translation into Russian language)

Dobrina O. A. Social Risks of Modernity and the Threats to Identity: Systematic Analysis of the Concept of A. Giddens

Tkachenko A. V. A System Approach to the Works of A. Comte, H. Spencer and Other Founders of Sociological Science

 

Information

 

International Scientific-Practical Conference: Origins and the Ways of Psychology in Russia (to the 100th Anniversary of the Soviet Psychology)

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2019, № 1 (29)

Author Guidelines


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : «SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2019, № 1 (29)

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«SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2019, № 1 (29)

 

ROMANOVA Evgeniya Sergeevna — Doctor of Psychology, full professor. Acting director of the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations at the Moscow City University. Head of the department of General and Practical Psychology at IPSSR at the Moscow City University. Honorary Teacher of the Russian Federation, Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation. Laureate of the President of the Russian Federation Education Award in 1998. Laureate of the Russian Federation Government Education Award in 2009. Honorary Professor of the Moscow City University, member of the Presidium of Educational and Methodological Consolidation of the Universities of the Russian Federation. Honorary Worker of Higher School of the Russian Federation. E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : A. V. Tkachenko, A SYSTEM APPROACH TO THE WORKS OF A. COMTE, H. SPENCER AND OTHER FOUNDERS OF SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCE

  Просмотров: 213

A SYSTEM APPROACH TO THE WORKS OF A. COMTE, H. SPENCER AND OTHER FOUNDERS OF SOCIOLOGICAL SCIENCE

 

A. V. Tkachenko,

MCU, Moscow

 

       The article deals with the main points of sociology of religion of Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer and other founders of sociological science. On the basis of the analysis of their scientific-methodological and religious concepts the author puts forward the thesis about the use of the system approach to study of religious phenomena by early positivists. It is emphasized that O. Comte and H. Spencer perceived religion as an integral part of the whole system of interdependent elements.

       Sociology of religion as a branch of sociology began its development since the emergence of this science. There were Сh. L. Montesquieu, Voltaire, I. Kant, F. Schleiermacher, H. Saint-Simon and other thinkers who lived mainly in the 18th – early 19th centuries among the ideological predecessors of the first sociologists. Their influence on the formation of sociology of religion is briefly described by the article author. At the same time, some little-known borrowings made by O. Comte and H. Spencer from T. Hobbes, A. Turgot and N. Condorcet and the parallels with views on religion of E. Littre, E. Tylor, V. Pareto, E. Durkheim, M. M. Kovalevsky, G. Le Bon, S. Freud and R. Aron are mentioned.

       There is the most detailed analysis of the contribution to sociology of religion by O. Comte in the present work. It is indicated that the founder of sociology considered society as a system functioning according to the laws of social statics and dynamics. Religion, in his view, as a part of society is subject to these laws and is in a position of a dynamic balance. In turn, this fact means that religion can be transformed. It allowed O. Comte to offer his own version of religion which according to his plan is capable to replace traditional denominations.

       Then the article analyzes H. Spencer’s sociological theory of religion. The main components of this theory are distinguished: the comparison of religious institutions with parts of an indivisible social organism and the allocation of their inherent social functions. The special attention is paid to the fact that neither O. Comte nor H. Spencer predicted the complete eradication of religion and its replacement by science.

       In the Conclusions and the Summary of the article the author notes the accordance of the views of O. Comte and H. Spencer with the modern perception of religion from the system approach perspective.

      

Key words: sociology of religion, the system approach, social system, social subsystem, social institution.

      

For citation: Tkachenko A. V. The Systems Approach in Sociology by A. Comte, H. Spencer and Other Founders of Sociological Science // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P.  109-120


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : O. A. Dobrina SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF A. GIDDENS

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SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF A. GIDDENS

 

O. A. Dobrina

NSPU, Novosibirsk

 

This article is an attempt to create a system of concepts for the development of a holistic theory of social risks and threats to self-identity. To this end, we consider the research papers of the British sociologist A. Giddens devoted to the problems of late modernity, social risk and self-identity. The system of concepts presented in the scientific works of late Giddens is mainly attributive, revealing the connections between them; this allows us to present the concept of social risks and threats to identity as a holistic theory. The synthesis of the system analysis of the basic concepts and the interpretative approach is used as the methodological basis of this research.

The main explanation of the processes of late modernity E. Giddens considers the process of disconnection, involving the exclusion of the individual in the social space from the relations of the local dimension and in social time – a break with tradition. Introduced by Gidens the concept of "risk environment" is analyzed at the technological, economic, social and information-mental levels. There are three components of the risk environment.

The self-identity is interpreted not as a given, but as a construct. It is constantly, almost daily, constructed as a reflexive choice within alternatives: globalization and fragmentation, openness and inaccessibility, trust and uncertainty, individualization and standardization. Constructing self-identity, a person is forced to measure it with socially approved standards of material and mental consumption, creating a coherent and consistent narrative of his identity.

The conducted research has allowed to draw a conclusion that works of late Giddens represent a peculiar cycle, basis of construction of the integral theory of social risks and threats of identity. The system of concepts revealed by us can be a methodological basis for their operationalization and search for indicators of future empirical research in the field of sociology of risk and identity.

 

Key words: late modernity; reflexivity; disconnection; social risk; risk environment; self-identity; identity narrative; trust; protective cocoon; self-trajectory.

 

For citationDobrina O. A. Social risks of modernity and the threats to identity: systematic analysis of the concept of A. Giddens // Systems Psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 100-108


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : A. A. Zych, SILVER UNIVERSITY AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR THE POLISH SOLUTIONS

  Просмотров: 678

SILVER UNIVERSITY AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOR THE POLISH SOLUTIONS

 

A. A. Zych,

Faculty of Education, University of Lower Silesia,

Wrocław, Poland

 

        In the times of modern technology and electronic education, it may be worth pursuing the dream of open universities for aging and old people. The article presents the assumptions, process and preliminary conclusions from the project entitled «Moscow Silver University» as part of the «Moscow Longevity» programme funded in February 2018 by Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin. The Moscow longevity programme is addressed to residents of Moscow in old age, who wanted to lead an active lifestyle and use all possibilities of self-realization. The basic goals of this project include enabling pensioners to live a full life, finding new friends and completing free time with useful activities, developing interests. The project was developed taking into account the best international practices, with the participation of experts in the field of psychology and gerontology, sport, art and culture. This type of pilot study has largely determined the sphere of both the needs and interests as well as the educational and life aspirations of the Moscow pensioners.

In this paper the author has an assessment of the functioning of the Polish universities of the third age (UTA) from the point of view of critical educational gerontology.  An attempt is made to answer the following questions: what is the future of the UTA in Poland and are we watching their twilight in the second decade of the 21st century?

 In conclusion, the author states that the conception of the silver university, in the frame of the «senior» policy, may become alternative for the Polish solutions.

   

Keywords: critical educational gerontology; silver university; social policy for older people; university of the third age.

 

For citation: Zych A. A. Silver university as an alternative for the Polish solutions // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 84-99


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : D. V. Ivanov, THE GENESIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA: THE IDEA OF MAN STRUGGLING IN THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

  Просмотров: 182

THE GENESIS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA: THE IDEA OF MAN STRUGGLING IN THE AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

                                                                                                                D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk

In the history of Russian psychological thought many questions are waiting for their answers. In terms of their search the genesis of psychological thought in Russia of the Enlightenment about the potential of man, the description of his essence (nature) by considering such a unique phenomenon as struggle may be of particular interest.

The psychological thought of the Enlightenment, which adopted traditional approaches (cardiognostic, utopian, apocalyptic), remaining from previous times, looked at  a person in a new way in accordance with the achievements of modern science, seeing in him the subject of the struggle, worthy of being happy in the life independently built by him.

Man struggling in psychological gnosis is characterized as a holistic, socio-cultural individual; he is able to overcome internal and external obstacles of development and self-development, strives for physical, spiritual, moral self-improvement. Russian educators saw struggling people both in everyday life, and in the game, training, work, as well as at the limit of heroic possibilities, including a military case.

The psychological gnosis of the struggle of Russian thinkers is significant for historical and psychological research, as it contains characteristics and modes, with which the image of man struggling is described. Consideration of the genesis of psychological thought in Russia in the age of Enlightenment helps to create "evenness of the fabric of Russian psychology", to place significant emphasis in the emerging ideas about it in new generations of researchers.

 

Keywords: psychological thought; genesis; struggle; human essence; nature; human struggling; psychological reflection; gnosis; psychological system; moral psychology.

 

For citation: Ivanov D. V. The genesis of psychological thought in Russia: the idea of man struggling in the age of enlightenment // Systems Psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 75-83


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : B.М. Abushkin, А.V. Meshchankin N. S. Mertsalova, A SYSTEMATIC ORGANIZATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WORK WITH STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF WRITTEN SPEECH

  Просмотров: 171

A SYSTEMATIC ORGANIZATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL WORK WITH STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ANALYSIS OF WRITTEN SPEECH

 

B.М. Abushkin, 

А.VMeshchankin

     MCU, Moscow,

N. S. Mertsalova,

NMRC for cardiology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow

 

The article deals with a new approach for the system organization of adaptive personal diagnosis and active dialogue with a teenager, aimed at the awareness and development of their personal qualities, as well as social interests and opportunities.

Modern diagnostic practice in the educational sphere uses almost all methodological developments of psychology. The variety of techniques is determined by their measuring characteristics. Many of them date back to the middle of the last century and earlier.

The problem of the system organization of psychologists ' work in solving modern problems of diagnostic work at the school is caused by the disparity in the use of scientific and conceptual apparatus, and in the interpretation of the results, limited to certain aspects of personal portrait. The system approach, typical for the modern stage of building practical work in psychology, involves working with students from the system-formed qualities of the emerging personality.

The proposed approach for the organization of adaptive work with students, taking into account the modern computing capabilities of computers and information technology allows us to enter into a system analysis and forecast on individual aspects of the development of students

To solve this problem, a tool for psycholinguistic analysis of written speech of adolescents was chosen to study the characteristics of the emotional sphere of adolescents.  The paper proposes a method for finding the correlation of cognitive characteristics of a person and his writing based on modern methods of distributive semantics. When developing the methodology, work was done to substantiate a set of basic emotions and on their basis, the subjects were marked with pre-selected adjectives of the Russian language, and the statistics on the proposed adjectives were collected. Further, on the basis of methods of distributive semantics, the generalization of the basic emotions of adjectives into other adjectives of the Russian language obtained in the experiment was carried out. A selection of text and images was developed, the validation of which took place on the control group of 200 people. The collection consisted of 18 text cards and 18 pictures describing the situation of a person's life, which should excite a particular basic emotion. with instructions to the subject-to give a free written response to the proposed text.

On the basis of the control sample of adolescents with known professional prospects, a neural network was trained, which puts professional perspectives in accordance with the emotional portrait and adaptively adapts to all new changes in the future. The first results allowing to judge the validity of the whole software complex are obtained.

 

Key words: psycholinguistics; basic emotions; distributive semantics; cognitive abilities of the brain; written speech; text analysis.

 

For citationAbushkin B. M., Meshchankin A. V., Mertsalova N. S.The systematic organization of psychological work with the students on the basis of psycholinguistic analysis of written speech // Systems Psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 68-74


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