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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : R. S. Nemov, D. A. Jatsenko, A SYSTEM PERSPECTIVE ON CONCEPTS OF PERSONALITY

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A SYSTEM PERSPECTIVE ON CONCEPTS OF PERSONALITY

 

R. S. Nemov,

MCU, Moscow

D. A. Jatsenko,

MIP, Moscow

 

The article critically assesses the current state of theoretical research in the field of personality psychology. It is pointed outю that these studies are still divided into many private theories, in which, in turn, not all questions concerning the individual are put and solved. An opinion is expressed and justified on the need to create a holistic, integral personality theory that would be built on a systematic basis and would cover as many issues as possible related to the psychology of the individual. The article contains ideas on the development of such a theory. It is proposed to name the theory discussed in the article, the multidimensional system metaconception of personality, understanding by the concept of a set of assumptions that require further development and verification. In the version of the multidimensional system metaconception of personality contained in the article, answers are offered to the following questions: the subject of psychological research of a person, the definition of a personality, the structure of a personality, the difference of personal properties from other psychological features of a person, the origin of a person, the formation and development of a personality, anomalies in the development of personality, typology of personalities, evaluation of the level of development of the individual, the correlation of the biological and social in the individual, consciousness and unconsciousness in the individual, cultural-historical (personality and behavior), personality and cognitive processes, personality and interpersonal relations, personality and society, methods of investigating the personality, psychocorrection of the personality. In addition to approaches to the systemic solution of each of these issues, its system-forming factor underlying this decision is indicated, and references are given to the work of psychologists, in which there are grounds for the systematic development of relevant issues. In conclusion, on the basis of the proposed systemic conception of personality, hypotheses are proposed that relate to the solution of the issues under discussion.

 

Key words: personality; multidimensional theory; conception; system approach; system-forming principle; system hypotheses.

 

For citation: Nemov R. S., Jatsenko D. A. A System Perspective on Concepts of Personality // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 19–30.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : B. N. Ryzhov, THREE DISEASES AND THREE PARADOXICAL ABILITIES: SYSTEM PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION

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THREE DISEASES AND THREE PARADOXICAL ABILITIES:

SYSTEM PSYCHOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the justification of a systematic interpretation of pathopsychological disorders of mental system processing in three endogenous (endogenous-organic) mental diseases: a circular (bipolar) disorder, epilepsy and schizophrenia. The methodological basis of the research is the theory of system psychology and the concept of system-psychological genesis of changes in mental activity caused by these diseases. In accordance with this concept a person’ s mental potential is based on a set of characteristics such as the number of elements of a regulated system that are available to a person, the complexity of the connections established in the system and the rate of system formation. It is these three characteristics that might be subject to specific «targeted» changes in three endogenous mental diseases of traditional psychiatry and these diseases have a progredient course and they are not associated with simple involutional processes of old age. System psychological analysis reveals the predominant influence of each of these diseases mainly on a major one characteristic, that is the most vulnerable in this disease. So if it is a circular disorder,  the rate of mental activity (the rate of system formation or the speed of the mind) becomes the most vulnerable characteristic; if it is an epilepsy — the number of elements of the regulated system or the breadth of the mind becomes weaker; and if it is a schizophrenia — the complexity of the links in the system or the depth of the mind becomes weaker.

Methodically the work is based on the use of systematic psychological analysis of the products of a number of outstanding persons of creative professions and public persons, suffering from these diseases. The paper shows that in the depressive phase of a circular disorder the pathological decrease in the rate of mental activity may be interrupted by a paradoxical increase in the rate and efficiency of activity in the manic phase in some exceptional cases (like R. Schumann, for example). Similarly, the typical epilepsy narrowing of mental activity can cause a hypercompensation in equally exceptional cases of the talent (like Napoleon I, Van Gogh, for example), that is reflected in a paradoxical expansion of intellectual abilities due to the effect, similar to the epileptic aura. Thus the growing defect in the organization of system connections in schizophrenia in rare cases of a talent (P. Dadd, for example) leads to the «revival» connectivities of the elements of mental activity, closing them in new and valuable for society composition,  providing a specific type of hypercompensation caused by this disease. 

 

Key words: system psychology; systematic psychological analysis; mental potential; circular disorder; epilepsy; schizophrenia; hypercompensation; hypomaniacal state; depression; epileptic aura; paradoxical abilities; Robert Schumann; Napoleon I; Vincent Van Gogh; Richard Dadd.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N. Three diseases and three paradoxical abilities: system psychological interpretation // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 5-18


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : CONTENTS #28

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CONTENTS #28

 

Theory and Metod of Systems Psychology

 

Tyukov A. A. System Analysis of Subject Categories in the Human-Sciences

Medintsev V. A. Questions of Psychological Knowledge Integration in the Context of Systemic Description of Culture

Ryzhov B. N., Smolovskaya L. B. The Technique for System Diagnostics of a Person’s Motivation and Values: M-test

 

Psychological researches

 

Semenova L. E., Semenova V. E. Psychological Well-Being of Preschool Teachers

Pryakhina T. V., Mishina G. A. The Influence of the Emotional State on the Processing of Emotional Information

Vyatkin V. A., Tallibulina M. T. History and Methodology of the System Research of Abilities and Talents at V. S. Merlin’s School (for the 120th Anniversary Since the Scientist’s Birth)

Ryzhov B. N. The Psychological Age of Civilization: the XV century, the North Renaissance

 

 

History of psychology and psychology of history

 

Ivanov D. V., Galyuk N. A. Psychological Idea in Philosophical and Publicistic Works of Russian Educators from the Beginning of the XIX Century

 

Sociological researches

 

Perevozkina Yu. M., Prusse F. Metasystem Organization of Social-Role Functioning in Youth

Rychikhina E. N., Malinina E. V. The Effectiveness of Social Control in Small Business in a Large Russian City

Bicharova M. M., Topchiev M. S. Family Values Formation in Polycultural Region

 

Information

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2018, № 4 (28)

Author Guidelines

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : «SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 4 (28)

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«SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 4 (28)

 

TYUKOV Anatoly Alexandrovich — PhD (Psychology), an associate professor, a professor of the department of Pedagogical, Developmental and Social Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations, Moscow City University. Е-mail: TukovAA@mgpu.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : M. M. Bicharova, M. S. Topchiev, FAMILY VALUES FORMATION IN POLYCULTURAL REGION

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FAMILY VALUES FORMATION IN POLYCULTURAL REGION

 

M. M. Bicharova,

CIMRT, Astrakhan,

M. S. Topchiev,

ASU, Astrakhan,

 

The problem of the formation and preservation of the family is particularly acute for today’s Russian youth, because it is family values that form the basis of the civic position of young people. The family is one of the most important elements involved in forming the cultural security of the state. However, this structure is not always stable and, once formed, sometimes disintegrates.

Understanding that family values learned from childhood lose their relevance, young families are forced to look for new behavioral patterns. The sources are popular information resources (newspapers, radio, television, the Internet), broadcasting ready-made tips, expert’s advise, Internet articles, thematic blogs, etc.

However, the new mechanisms proposed by the mass culture and the information society, in reality, are often not confirmed by practice and are destructive for the family.

In the framework of the system analysis underlying the research methodology, the characteristic features of the behavior of young people, related to their motivational attitudes and value orientations in relation to family, marriage and parenthood, were studied.

In particular, publicly available data from statistical metabase sites in Russia were analyzed, and our own research was conducted on the impact of national and religious affiliation on the formation of family and other values.

As a result, the main aspects of the influence of religious and cultural transgression on the modern family institution and mechanisms for the formation of family values were identified. Such factors as national and religious affiliation that could directly or indirectly play an important role in shaping these values were evaluated.

 

Keywords: family; family values; nationality; religion; transgression; frontier.

 

For citation: Bicharova M. M., Topchiev M. S. Family values formation in polycultural region // Systems psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 125–135.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : E. N. Rychikhina, E. V. Malinina, THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL CONTROL IN SMALL BUSINESS IN A LARGE RUSSIAN CITY

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL CONTROL IN SMALL BUSINESS

IN A LARGE RUSSIAN CITY

 

E. N. Rychikhina,

MCU, Moscow,

E. V. Malinina,

SGA, Vladimir

 

Development of small businesses in Russia requires special attention from the authorities. Therefore municipalities must create conditions to increase the effectiveness of their control system. This article reviews the main methods to advance the control system for small businesses at the large city level, as well as approaches to improve its effectiveness. As an example, the article reviews the situation in Vladimir-city.

One of the important factors to increase the effectiveness is to develop a training system for entrepreneurs.

In large Russian cities, including Vladimir, such system of education and re-training of the entrepreneurs exists already. However for the small businesses, this system is not developed fully, therefore it cannot provide a full support to entrepreneurs and their demands. Furthermore, the current methods of education are not aligned with the entrepreneurs’ requests, based on the research conducted by the authors. This articles outlines the development of the modular education system and reviews the content of the suggested modular segments.

The authors noticed a weak marketing training of the entrepreneurs. Therefore authors highlight the importance of the training and overall suport. As a base authority level, the authors suggest the municipal financial department ‘Small Business Support Centre’ that can provide legal as well as marketing consultations. Integrated approach of the suggested methods will allow to increase the effectiveness of control of small businesses.

This articles reviews an important criteria to assess the effectiveness of Vladimir’s municipality to support the small entrepreneurship. This criteria was prepared based on an analysis of the current Program to Support Small Businesses. The authors of the article suggest two ways to resolve the issues found in the Program: a) procedural, i.e. changing methods of development and approval of this Program, and b) contextual, i.e. various methods to increase the effectiveness of municipality’s control system.

Outside of the city administration, the control of small businesses must be done on the community level.

That’s why the authors developed and outlined the criteria to assess the effectiveness of small business control for the following areas: economical, consultation, educational, labor market, informational, organizational, infrastructural, social and psychological. For each of these areas authors suggest qualitative and quantitative indicators to assess the effectiveness of control. The results of control and its effectiveness will be higher if the effectiveness will be assessed by monitoring method.

To summarize, the authors highlight that the effectiveness and the quality of system of social control of the small business in a large city will increase as a result of development and approval of such strategic programs that support the small business. The support from the municipality level must be provided at all levels and areas, including consultations, education, financial and information support.

 

Keywords: small businesses; the system of municipal control; large city; effectiveness of control; partnership of municipality and private sector.

 

For citation: Rychikhina E. N, Malinina E. V. The effectiveness of social control in small business in a large Russian city // Systems psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 112–124.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : Yu. M. Perevozkina, F. Prusse, META-SYSTEM ORGANIZATION OF SOCIAL-AND-ROLE-BASED FUNCTIONING IN YOUTH

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META-SYSTEM ORGANIZATION

OF SOCIAL-AND-ROLE-BASED FUNCTIONING IN YOUTH

 

Yu. M. Perevozkina,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

F. Prusse,

Ernst-Moritz-Aredt University,

Greifswald, Germany

 

The article deals with the problem of role-based socialization in youth, that is the most active part of a society and they provides progress and innovative transformations in it. The aim is to reveal some principles of the structural organization of youth’s role-based socialization at the meta-system level. The term «role-based socialization in young people» is based on the standpoint of the meta-system approach, that acquires the status of structural formation of this system, and at the same time the status is able to influence all other levels in this system by regulating them. It is proposed, that a specific role behavior of a young person is determined by his needs, and this, in turn, means that roles affect young people’s socialization, providing a certain role behavior and activity within the acquired role in the social space. To proof the model of the role-based socialization in youth, the empirical study was conducted aimed to find out the impact of young people’s needs on their role-based behavior models and to explore the mutual determination between young people’s role models and their social functioning efficiency. The study was conducted on a selected group of students (N = 1287) aged 14 to 25 years. The final factor model of three integral factors of young people’s social functioning was obtained. The data on the statistically significant effect of young people’s needs on their role models (p ≤ 0.05) are given. A statistically significant co-variance relationship between the main roles and three integral factors of socialization (p ≤ 0.05) was discovered. Based on the results it is concluded that the level of involvement of young people into the social space depends on the role models that are determined by young people’s needs.

 

Keywords: role-based socialization in youth; role models; role behavior; system; meta-system; subjective well-being; social acceptance; social activity.

 

For citation: Perevozkina Yu. M., Prusse F. Meta-system organization of social-and-role-based functioning in youth // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 100–111.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : D. V. Ivanov, N. A. Galyuk, PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEA IN PHILOSOPHICAL AND PUBLICISTIC WORKS OF RUSSIAN EDUCATORS FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE XIX CENTURY

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PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEA IN PHILOSOPHICAL AND PUBLICISTIC WORKS

OF RUSSIAN EDUCATORS FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE XIX CENTURY

 

D. V. Ivanov,

N. A. Galyuk,

NSPU, Novosibirsk

 

The article deals with the ideas of philosophical and psychological nature in the creative heritage of the major Russian educators of the early XIX century. The philosophical and psychological thought of the Russian educators, among them — the philosopher and lawyer A. P. Kunitsyn, the poet, critic and the philosopher P. A. Vyazemsky, the writer and diplomat A. S. Griboyedov, the historian and journalist M. P. Pogodin, contains the results of a serious methodological reflection about human nature, man, his place in the world. In their views, a person is a holistic entity, capable of assessing himself and his capabilities in his own life and creative work. Man is virtuous and intelligent, he is moral, capable of fighting for ideals and the possibility of self-manifestation. Positions in philosophical and psychological thinking of the Russian enlightenment can be seen and reconstructed in the context of cardioprotective principle and the principle of self-improvement, traditional of Russian thought, indicating a significant potential in the development of man and his moral, purely human nature. In their reflections, the Russian enlighteners of the early XIX century use the existing system of psychological concepts.Therefore, their heritage has become a kind of contribution to the domestic human studies, moral psychology, the very history of psychological thought in Russia, emphasized the «dialogue» conducted «through the centuries» by Russian thinkers about man.

Creative heritage of Russian educators of the early XIX century shows a deep interest in philosophical and psychological problems in Russia, where issues related to the understanding of human nature remain until our time in the focus of methodological reflection.

 

Keywords: human nature; rationality; virtue; labour; fighting; a fighting man; cardiogenetics principle; the principle of self-improvement in psychology; humanities; moral psychology; system of psychological concepts.

 

For citation: Ivanov D. V., Galyuk N. A. Psychological idea in philosophical and publicistic works of russian educators from the beginning of the XIX century // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 84–99.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : B. N. Ryzhov, THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance

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THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION:

the XV century, the North Renaissance

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

MCU, Moscow

 

The present article is the continuation of research devoted to system periodization of development of modern European civilization and the comparison of the stages of civilization development to the corresponding periods of a person’s life. The beginning of this research published in № 14, 15, 17, 19 of the journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology» includes the description of analogies in the psychological development of a child from birth up to the age of 13–14, and of the development of European civilization from the fifth century to the beginning of the fifteenth century. The present part of the work is devoted to the subsequent stage of ontogenetic and phylogenetic development with a view to describing the analogy between the psychological aspects of early adolescence and the particular qualities of art and culture of the early Northern Renaissance in Flanders, which at that time was the hub of the northern centre of European civilization.

In this connection the characteristic features of emotional and personal development at the age of 15–16 are given, including the emergence of the sense of beauty and the discovery of one’s own self — which in this period acquires a holistic tone and certain features of realism. While admitting the revolutionary character of these changes — indicating the end of the epoch of childhood and the advent of the epoch of adolescence — the author notes the basic similarity of revolutionary processes taking place in the Flemish painting of XV century whose artistic manifesto became the famous Ghent Altarpiece.

For the first time in the art of Western Europe admiration of the beauty of one group of images and interest to the sensuous reality of the other, characteristic of adolescent perception, were embodied in full effect.

At the same time, youthful aspiration for truthfulness and self-knowledge found its reflection in the genre of the realistic portrait originating in the first half of XV century. Just over the period of several decades portrait art went from the first paintings of Jan van Eyck seeking to depict the texture and the social status of the model photographically accurately — to the works of Rogier van der Weyden, in the best of which an attempt is already present to portray the characteristics of the inner psychological world of a person pictured. Finally, the juxtaposition of cognitive activity rising sharply in early adolescence and Information Revolution following the invention of book printing in the middle of XV century serves as additional confirmation of psychological congruence of the considered epochs — that of a human life and — civilization.

 

Keywords: system periodization of development; systems psychology; psychological age of civilization; early adolescence; centers of European civilization; early adolescence; Jan van Eyck; Rogier van der Weyden; book printing.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N. The psychological age of civilization: the XV century, the North Renaissance // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 76–83.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : B. A. Vyatkin, M. T. Tallibulina, HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF THE SYSTEM RESEARCH OF ABILITIES AND TALENTS AT V. S. MERLIN’S SCHOOL

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HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF THE SYSTEM RESEARCH

OF ABILITIES AND TALENTS AT V. S. MERLIN’S SCHOOL

(FOR THE 120th ANNIVERSARY SINCE THE SCIENTIST’S BIRTH)

 

B. A. Vyatkin,

M. T. Tallibulina,

PSHPU, Perm

 

Introduction. The analysis of key studying stages of the problem of abilities and talents at the Perm’s scientific psychological school covering the period since the end of the 1950th so far is presented in article.

The original position of the concept of abilities developed by the V. S. Merlin and also the results of later theoretical, methodological and empirical researches of abilities and talents which are executed according to V.S. Merlin’s doctrine about the integrated individuality of the person and reflection of the current state of the problem are presented.

Methodology. It is noted that system methodology is at the heart of our approach of studying abilities and talents which have been developed at the Perm’s psychological school. Abilities and talents are considered in interrelation with properties of different levels of the integrated individuality which is the self-developed and self-organized system consisting of relatively closed subsystems or levels of the full big system «person – society», beginning with biochemical features and coming to the social position of a person in society.

The submitted review of the most important results of researches of the general and special (professional) abilities and special talents undertaken by our psychologists shows specific features of manifestation of these phenomena in connection with age, sex and the stage of professional activity.

Conclusion. The prospects of studying of abilities and talents consisting of the transition to a polysystem research of the integrated individuality, in various spheres of action, and the definition of the role of abilities and talents in the development of an individuality are presented in the article.

 

Keywords: system methodology; integrated individuality; abilities; talents; polysystem interaction.

 

For citation: Vyatkin B. A., Tallibulina M. T. History and methodology of the system research of abilities and talents at V. S. Merlin’s school (for the 120th anniversary since the scientist’s birth) // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 64–75.


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