Digest

Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality


Preuss F., Perevozkina Yu. M. Interconnection and types of social relations of role socialization system formation: metasystem approach


Ryzhov B. N. The actual-self, ideal-self and hidden-self (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Ryzhov B. N., Tarasova А. А. Emotional Perception of Architectural Objects of 1920–1930s by Moscow Students (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Kondratyev V. M. The Problem of Balance between Morality and Law in Human Education (with a Translation into English)


Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (translated into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Aleksander T. A Review about Old Age and Disability (translated into English by A. Diniejko and into Russian by О. Leszczak)



A. A. Zych Silver University as an alternative for the polish solutions


B. N. Ryzhov THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance


Yu. M. Perevozkina, V. G. Fedosov, F. Prusse Functional organization of impasa-role socialization of youth: metasystemic approach


T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society


G. Gross, J. S. Frolova From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy


Simons G. Tangible threats through intangible means: aspects of BRICS information and communication security


Ryzhov B. N., Mashkova L. A., Stolyarova G. I. Dynamics of motivational indicators in high school

B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology
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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : E. S. Romanova, L. I. Bershedova, INFORMATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY FOR ADOLESCENTS: SYSTEMIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

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INFORMATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY FOR ADOLESCENTS:

SYSTEMIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

 

E. S. Romanova,

L. I. Bershedova,

MCU, Moscow

 

In the article the problem of information and psychological security for adolescents is considered on the basis of a system-psychological analysis that assumes the definition of not only the essential characteristics of the phenomenon of information-and-psychological security, but also the psychological mechanisms of its development. Information and psychological security is defined as a psychological characteristic of the individual, designed to ensure the security of adolescents in the information environment. The content characteristics of the child’s IPI are derived from an understanding of the threats to information impacts, their mechanisms and the consequences of negative impacts, external and internal hazards. As external, manipulative effects on the adolescent’s personality, his consciousness and emotional-volitional sphere, sources of “illusory reality”, resources propagating cruelty and violence, cyberbullying are singled out. Internal sources of danger are analyzed in the context of individual and personal characteristics and characteristics of adolescents’ self-awareness.

To a special group of risk are adolescents with signs of trouble in interpersonal relationships and communication. On the basis of these data, the IPS is defined as a systemically organized entity that reflects the aggregate of three components — object, subject, intersubject, whose interaction and coherence determines the measure of the protection of children from the negative influences of the information environment.

The materials of the article cover the issue of psychological mechanisms of development, which allow initiating an increase in the protective functions of information and psychological safety of adolescents. The structural and functional system of psychological mechanisms reflects the main problems of the development of information and psychological safety for adolescents and is constructed taking into account the activation of mechanisms at all levels — universal, generalized and specifically acting in a particular situation. The choice of psychological mechanisms was carried out on the basis of age characteristics of adolescents and those problems that hinder their effective protection from negative information impacts.

The final part of the article presents a conceptual model of the development of information and psychological safety for adolescents, whose versatility allows in a schematic form to reproduce the process of formation of information and psychological safety of adolescents in the aggregate of functionally interrelated components and mechanisms of their development as an integrated system.

 

Keywords: information-psychological security; psychological mechanisms of development; a conceptual model of information-psychological security.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S., Bershedova L. I. Information and psychological security for adolescents: systemic and psychological analysis // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 26–38.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : V. P. Sheinov, DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEST «PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF THE RISK OF ADULT-INDIVIDUAL VICTIMIZATION»

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEST «PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

OF THE RISK OF ADULT-INDIVIDUAL VICTIMIZATION»

 

V. P. Sheinov,

Republican Institute of Higher Education,

Minsk, Republic of Belarus

 

Victimness — the tendency to become a victim of crime, accident, intentional actions of other people; victimization — an event of violence or experience of experiencing violence, the process of turning a person into a victim of criminal assault, and the result of this process. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid test to assess the psychological risk factors of victimization. Tasks for the corresponding questionnaire, which differentiate the degree of manifestation of victimization, are obtained by using a combination of external, deductive and inductive strategies. In the pilot study, two contrasting groups of subjects, numbering 389 and 400 people, participated, comparing the indicators of which allowed to select differentiating tasks. It is shown that the constructed victimization risk test satisfies three standard reliability criteria (internal consistency, reliability of test parts, retest stability). The developed test is valid because it meets all known validity criteria: validation in the process of test design, validity of meaningful, «obvious», current and prognostic, consensus, constructive, convergent, contrast, gender. The scales (subtests) of the test diagnose seven types of victimization: general and realized victimization, propensity to aggressive, self-destructive, dependent and uncritical type of victim behavior and the degree of insecurity from manipulation. Victimization diagnosed with this test is positively correlated with a propensity for risky behavior, with anxiety, depression and low self-esteem and is negatively associated with assertiveness — all this corresponds to the essence of victimization. Standardization of the developed test was carried out on a representative sample of 563 men and 513 women. Representativeness of samples in the study is provided by a wide representation of the subjects by sex, age, education, profession, job position, social status, region of residence and is confirmed by the normal distribution of test results.

 

Keywords: psychological factors; risk of victimization; reliability; validity; risk behavior; anxiety; depression; self-esteem; assertiveness; men; women.

 

For citation: Sheinov V. P. Development of the test «Psychological factors of the risk of adult-individual victimization» // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 14–25.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : B. N. Ryzhov, L. B. Smolovskaya, THE TECHNIQUE FOR SELF-APPRAISAL OF EMOTIONAL TONE AND ACTIVITY SETA

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THE TECHNIQUE FOR SELF-APPRAISAL

OF EMOTIONAL TONE AND ACTIVITY SETA

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

L. B. Smolovskaya,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the description of a new psychodiagnostic technique SETA (Self-apprasal of emotional tone and activity), designed to assess the important components of the emotional state — an emotional tone and its accompanying activity. To represent these indicators, the form of two orthogonal axes (with two scales — «Рleasure» and «Еxcitement») was chosen. It allows to visualize a set of possible emotional states as a two-dimensional array of data or a matrix of states (the dimension is 8 × 8), each element of which corresponds to a certain point of qualitative orientation and intensity of the emotion experienced.

The test procedure is as follows: a person should fix his current appropriate state and fill it in the relevant cell of the test area.

In accordance with the methodological terms of V. Wundt’s emotions theory, the SETA technique can be used both in a blank version or in a modern computer application program version — it can be downloaded to a smartphone or computer.

To assess the effectiveness of the use of the SETA method in 2018, a pilot study was conducted, and 62 people participated in it — 30 men and 32 women, aged 18–28 years. They were asked to watch four video episodes, supposed to provoke different emotional states. After watching each video episodes, the subjects were asked to assess their emotional state according to SETA technique and SAN technique.

The results of the study have been fully confirmed by the internal validity and reliability of the SETA technique. A comparative analysis of SETA and SAN methodologies showed that there is a correlation between the «Fun» and «well-being» scales (r = 0,417), and between the «Excitation» and «Activity» scales (r = 0,527), indicating external validity of the technique SETA.

The simplicity and convenience of the SETA technique in use for both the subject and the interpreter as well as the possibility of its repeated use together with a short testing time allows us to recommend a technique for a rapid diagnostics of the emotional state of a person and his emotional reactions under the influence of various emotional stimuli. The SETA technique can be applied in the field of education and social protection as well as in ergonomic and marketing researches.

 

Keywords: emotional tone; emotional state; activity, excitement; calm; pleasure; displeasure; self-diagnosis.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N., Smolovskaya L. B. The technique for self-appraisal of emotional tone and activity SETA // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 5–13.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : CONTENTS #26

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CONTENTS #26

 

Psychological researches

 

Romanova E. S., Shubin S. B., Gladar L. I., Kurasov M. V. Psychological Features of Adolescents with High Levels of Computer Addiction 

Slepovich E. S., Polyakov A. M. Cultural-Historical Approach to the Determination of the Normal and Abnormal Child Mental Development

Romanova E. S., Ovcharenko L. Yu., Chibiskova O. V. Problems and Prospects of Psycho-Pedagogical Work with Families Having Homeschooled Children

Vizel T. G. Сonnectivity and Speech

Kogan B. M., Kulikova T. G. Current Research of Low Cognitive Tempo in Children: an Analytical Overview

 

History of psychology and psychology of history

 

Ryzhov B. N. The Psychological Age of Civilization: XV Century, The Early Renaissance

Ivanov D. V. Psychological Idea in Russia in the Early XIX Century. P. M. Lyubovsky

 

Sociological researches

 

Macho T., Lebedeva I. V., Bicharova M. M. Migration in Europe as Systemic Phenomenon of the Contemporary Society

Gross G., Frolova Ju. S. From London to Moscow Coronations: Perceptions of Monarchy

 

Information

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2018, № 2 (26)

Author Guidelines

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : «SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 2 (26)

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«SYSTEMS PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY» AUTHORS, 2018, № 2 (26)

 

ROMANOVA Evgeniya Sergeevna — doctor of psychology, full professor. Director of the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations at the Moscow City University. Head of the department of General and Practical Psychology at IPSSR at the Moscow City University. Honorary Teacher of the Russian Federation, Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation. Laureate of the President of the Russian Federation Education Award in 1998. Laureate of the Russian Federation Government Education Award in 2009. Honorary Professor of the Moscow City University, member of the Presidium of Educational and Methodological Consolidation of the Universities of the Russian Federation. Honorary Worker of Higher School of the Russian Federation. E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : G. Gross, J. S. Frolova,FROM LONDON TO MOSCOW CORONATIONS: PERCEPTIONS OF MONARCHY

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FROM LONDON TO MOSCOW CORONATIONS: PERCEPTIONS OF MONARCHY

 

G. Gross,

King’s College London University,

United Kingdom (England), London,

J. S. Frolova,

Caspian Institute of Sea & River Transport,

Nizhny Novgorod

 

This article draws comparison between perceptions of monarchy in Great Britain and Tsarist Russia with special reference to coronations. It examines examples from Elizabethan England and Muscovy to the two cousins — George V and Nicholas II. Particular focus will be given to ideas of Divine Right and of the country as a New Jerusalem.

The introductory analysis here, is part of a wider project on British coronations and ceremonial, that in its second stage, will explore in depth, global coronation history.

Much work has been done on Romanov and British ceremonial. In this case, we take the next step, by exploring the surprising similarities and differences from Westminster Abbey to the Kremlin.

Historians are often drawn to see parallels closer to home. Why not compare the crowning of English monarchs to those at Reims in France? We do not seek to reject this important scholarship, but rather to extend such work further afield. Whilst there were obvious differences — the common law, constitutionalism and a radically contrasting structure to society — there was nevertheless, much in common and worth further enquiry. Crucially, contemporaries did not shy away from more distant links, they travelled far and wide, setting up trading posts and correspondence from the Muscovy Company; the trend setting firework displays of London coronation festivities that influenced the grand celebrations of Elizabeth I of Russia in 1742; to the shared holidays of the grandchildren of Queen Victoria. Had Elizabeth Tudor married Tsar Ivan, this work would need no justification at all.

 

Keywords: Coronation; Divine Right; New Jerusalem; Byzantine; Sacerdotal; Kingship; Muscovy; British.

 

For citation: Gross G., Frolova Ju. S. From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 97–110.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova, MIGRATION IN EUROPE AS SYSTEMIC PHENOMENON OF THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY

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MIGRATION IN EUROPE AS SYSTEMIC PHENOMENON OF THE CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY*

 

T. Macho,

Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany, Berlin,

I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova,

Caspian Institute of Sea & River Transport

 

The article is devoted to the issues of cultural security in modern Europe, and the policy of multiculturalism. It is also considered as a systemic issue of a contemporary society. There a lot of problems of European society such as: a of lack of understanding between the migrants and their host community, the desire to preserve the own identity, not dissolve in the “melting pot” of cultural diversity, are considered today in a new context. The article also considers the problems in the context of PRGIDA movement (patriotic Europeans against the Islamization of the West), which blames immigrants for most the problems which we have nowadays. Heads of State have to put a lot of effort to maintain intercultural interaction and balance between “the own” and “the stranger” in a multicultural and multiethnic society which makes the basis of European cultural security today. This problem is typical for many European countries but the example of Germany in outstanding as it has more migrants than other countries. That is why we give a lot of examples in the context of the situation in Germany. The opinion of the European citizens and their attitude to migrants is also quite different. However, most people in Europe, expressing their opposition to the flow of migrants to their countries also voiced against the PEGIDA movement and draw parallels with fascism.

 

Keywords: policy of multiculturalism; migrants; the movement PEGIDA; Islamophobia; a stranger; the other; the elite; the cultural security.

For citation: Macho T., Lebedeva I. V., Bicharova M. M. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). Р. 82–88.

 

* This article was written with the financial support of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Foundation, project No. 15-33-11172 «Cultural security in heterotopic conditions».


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : D.V. Ivanov, PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEA IN RUSSIA IN THE EARLY XIX CENTURY. P. M. LYUBOVSKY

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PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEA IN RUSSIA IN THE EARLY XIX CENTURY.

P. M. LYUBOVSKY

 

D.V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk

 

The article considers basic scientific and psychological views of the great Russian enlightener of the beginning of the XIX century Pyotr Mikhailovich Lyubovsky, whose years of life are still unknown.

Very little information has been stored about P. M. Lyubovsky. He is a graduate of Kharkov University, master of philosophy with a broad outlook, studied philosophy, psychology, logic, philology. His outlook was formed on the basis of progressive views of the “philosophical century” (the Enlightenment). He was not only the successor of the ideas of Western European scientists, but also the traditions of the Russian thinkers who contributed to the development of national cardiogenetics and rationalist psychology.

The analysis of the creative heritage of the Russian enlightener showed that Lyubovsky made a significant contribution to Russian psychology, writing an interesting treatise, which he presented as a “guide” to the experimental “soul”, emphasizing the difference between rational and empirical psychology. “Dusheslovie” as “the word “about the human soul is one of their interesting directions and” research in the psychological thought of the Enlightenment in Russia. Lyubovsky’s work was interesting for readers, his contemporaries, as it helped identify a number of psychological phenomena and describe them by means of “empirical” research. The 19th century enlightener’s treatise is interesting at the present time as a kind of proof of the independence and originality of the Russian psychological thought, which has passed a long way of its formation and development.

The methodological paradigm, according to which the Russian thinker explains the human nature, allowed him to analyze the sensitivity, the potentiality of cognition inherent to an individual, his desires and will. Lyubovsky was interested not only in human feelings, memory, imagination, attention, but also in laws of mental activity of an individual, speech, the ability to cognize an individual himself, the world around him, his feelings and will.

The consideration of issues connected with the explanation of human nature by the description of the drives (“physical” and “mental”) as the basal causes of action and activities of an individual are particularly interesting for the author of the psychological treatise. The enlightener investigates the problem of temperaments correctly pointing to their mixing in human manifestations. The explanation of Lyubovsky human in man by his desire to work, his reliance on the principle of perfection, which is a cornerstone for psychological thought from ancient times to the present, becomes very significant. Man himself can be prosperous and ready to fight for independent life implementation.

Psychological views and theories of Lyubovsky are connected by internal logic, a single professional thesaurus, find consistency in the presentation. Historical and psychological reconstruction, bibliographic method in this study, along with the psychological interpretation of views, ideas and statements by Lyubovsky allowed to determine his place as significant in the history of Russian psychological thought.

 

Keywords: human nature; cardiogenetics psychology; rational psychology; sensitivity; intelligence; desire; temperament; will; fighting; man fighting; the system of psychological concepts.

 

For citation: Ivanov D. V. Psychological idea in Russia in the early XIX century. P. M. Lyubovsky // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 69–81.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : B. N. Ryzhov, THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: XV Century, the Early Renaissance

  Просмотров: 511

THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION:

XV Century, the Early Renaissance

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

МCU, Moscow

 

The present article is the continuation of research devoted to system periodization of development of European civilization and the comparison of the stages of its development to the corresponding periods of a person’ s life. The beginning of this study published in №№ 14–15 of the journal “System psychology and sociology” includes the description of analogies in the psychological development of a person from birth up to early youth and of the development of European civilization from the V to the XV centuries.

The present part of this work is devoted to the continuation of the description of these analogies in the culture of the XV century.

In particular, the article addresses the evolution of the sense of comic in a person during the transition from adolescence to early youth and in the culture of European civilization of the XV century. The author notes some similarities between jokes and anecdotes that are so typical for adolescents and a farce flourished in the XV century. The farce was an unprofessional theatrical performance at that time arranged by special comic communities of citizens. In that regard the psychological causes of a peculiar sense of comic as the gallowshumor, appeared in the XV century, are considered here, and the history knows François Villon as one of the greatest master of the gallows-humor.

Special attention is payed to the historical background and cultural phenomena of the Early Italian

Renaissance that reflected the characteristic features of emotional and personal development of early youth on an equal basis with the Northern Renaissance Art.

 

Keywords: system periodization of development; psychological age of civilization; centres of European civilization; early youth; psychology of humor; farce; the Early Renaissance; François Villon; Andrea Verrochio.

 

For citation: Rizhov B. N. The psychological age of civilization: XV century, The Early Renaissance // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). Р. С. 59–68.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 26 : B. M. Kogan, T. G. Kulikova, CURRENT RESEARCH OF LOW COGNITIVE TEMPO IN CHILDREN: AN ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW

  Просмотров: 720

CURRENT RESEARCH OF LOW COGNITIVE TEMPO IN CHILDREN:

AN ANALYTICAL OVERVIEW

 

B. M. Kogan,

T. G. Kulikova,

MCU, Moscow

 

This work describes an analytical overview of contemporary world studies complex symptoms, United by the notion of low cognitive tempo (SCT, sluggish cognitive tempo). Currently, the syndrome of low cognitive tempo different researchers or is considered as one of the subtypes of Add (attention deficit disorder without Hyperactivity) or as a separate disorder, children with different diagnostic groups, and also children with normative development. SCT is characterized by the following manifestations: fixity on their views, often fantastic content, lightheaded, decreased motor activity, immobility, poludremotnoe status, etc. Neuropsychological analysis reveals the primarily the problems of maintaining optimum functional State (nejrodinamicheskij deficiency), reducing the speed of information processing and concentration. In the article, based on an analysis of world literature highlights the main indicators that separate symptom low cognitive tempo from the syndrome of hyperactivity with attention deficit (ADHD) already at pre-school age. A separate series of investigation revealed that \a low cognitive tempo is associated with a number of external correlates, including difficulties mastering the child training skills, the presence he has anxiety and or depression, difficulties in social communication with peers and adults. Submitted by analytical overview brings together existing research results at the moment, shows the need for SCT syndrome more detailed examination of the SCT, as a separate infringement, providing meaningful impact on learning processes and activities in all spheres of life, as well as highlights important areas for future research.

 

Keywords: low cognitive tempo; attention deficit disorder; attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity; Special psychology; Neuropsychology; nejrodinamicheskij deficiency; slowness; Dreaming awake; Inattentiveness; the speed of information processing; the concentration of attention; learning difficulties; depressivnost; anxiety; communication; social interaction and adaptation.

 

For citation: Kogan B. M., Kulikova T. G. Current research of low cognitive tempo in children: an analytical overview // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 2 (26). P. 47–58.

 


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