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O. A. Dobrina SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF A. GIDDENS

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SOCIAL RISKS of modernity AND the THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS of the concept of A. GIDDENS

 

O. A. Dobrina

NSPU, Novosibirsk

 

This article is an attempt to create a system of concepts for the development of a holistic theory of social risks and threats to self-identity. To this end, we consider the research papers of the British sociologist A. Giddens devoted to the problems of late modernity, social risk and self-identity. The system of concepts presented in the scientific works of late Giddens is mainly attributive, revealing the connections between them; this allows us to present the concept of social risks and threats to identity as a holistic theory. The synthesis of the system analysis of the basic concepts and the interpretative approach is used as the methodological basis of this research.

The main explanation of the processes of late modernity E. Giddens considers the process of disconnection, involving the exclusion of the individual in the social space from the relations of the local dimension and in social time – a break with tradition. Introduced by Gidens the concept of "risk environment" is analyzed at the technological, economic, social and information-mental levels. There are three components of the risk environment.

The self-identity is interpreted not as a given, but as a construct. It is constantly, almost daily, constructed as a reflexive choice within alternatives: globalization and fragmentation, openness and inaccessibility, trust and uncertainty, individualization and standardization. Constructing self-identity, a person is forced to measure it with socially approved standards of material and mental consumption, creating a coherent and consistent narrative of his identity.

The conducted research has allowed to draw a conclusion that works of late Giddens represent a peculiar cycle, basis of construction of the integral theory of social risks and threats of identity. The system of concepts revealed by us can be a methodological basis for their operationalization and search for indicators of future empirical research in the field of sociology of risk and identity.

 

Key words: late modernity; reflexivity; disconnection; social risk; risk environment; self-identity; identity narrative; trust; protective cocoon; self-trajectory.

 

For citation: DobrinaO. A. Social risks of modernity and the threats to identity: systematic analysis of the concept of A. Giddens // Systems Psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). P. 100-108

 

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