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E. S. Romanova, PSYCHOGRAPHIC ASPECT OF F. M. DOSTOEVSKY’S WORKS

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 29 : E. S. Romanova, PSYCHOGRAPHIC ASPECT OF F. M. DOSTOEVSKY’S WORKS
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PSYCHOGRAPHIC ASPECT OF F. M. DOSTOEVSKY’S WORKS

 

E. S. Romanova,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article presents a psychological analysis of F. M. Dostoevsky’s literary works through the consideration of psychographic materials of his draft notes of the works. The author proposes to analyze the problem of the psychological identity of a person using his handwritten texts and drawings for it.

The aim of this paper is to study the psychological concept of F. M. Dostoevsky in its artistic embodiment by studying the psychographic experience of the writer.

In the process of the research of Dostoevsky's manuscripts the author relies on analytical comparison of the handwritten texts and drawings of outstanding writers to prove the idea that there is a common style in all graphics of the same person. The author proposes the interpretation of Dostoevsky's personality features and his creative process based on the graphic and graphology methods. The article provides examples of calligraphic notes, Gothic drawings of the author's drafts with the interpretation of their meaning. It is noted that writer’s graphics are an expression of his spiritual and emotional state at a certain moment, that is why Dostoevsky’s drawing and written word within one verbal and graphic composition are made in one graphic manner.

By the author’s opinion, Dostoevsky first used visual images, marked with icons-ideograms, and then he «translated» these images into the language of literature. Dostoevsky’s wordless thinking was supported by a drawing, where the «intermediate» language has become ideographic, and here a drawing turned into a concept. Such ideograms include a lot of information, interpretations that are centered in the concept. All kinds of images and notes in Dostoevsky's diary are combined by a logical connection, by the logic of the writer's creative style. There is a general direction of this movement: from the sensually visual image to the artistic word.

Thus the author pays attention to graphics in general because it clarifies the writer’s identity that can be manifested in this graphic form. A psychological study of the text helps to determine the writer's attitude to the word, his work with the meanings of lexical units and the meaning of the text in the writer's work. Drawings can give an additional information about the personality and peculiarities of thinking of a person during the study of his creative works.

 

Key words: psychological analysis; graphics; graphology; creativity; thinking.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S. Psychographic aspect of F. M. Dostoevsky’s works // Systems psychology and sociology. 2019. № 1 (29). Р. 31-46

 

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