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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : A. N. Ryzhov, L. B. Smolovskaya, THE TECHNIQUE FOR SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS OF A PERSON’S MOTIVATION AND VALUES: M-TEST

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THE TECHNIQUE FOR SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS

OF A PERSON’S MOTIVATION AND VALUES: M-TEST

 

A. N. Ryzhov,

L. B. Smolovskaya,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the description of a new psychodiagnostic technique for system diagnostics of a person’s motivation and values (M-test). The methodological background for the test is based on a system typology of motivation that allows to identify 8 special types of motivation, including 4 types of motivation for the development of biological and social systems (vital motivation, reproductive and cognitive motivation, motivation of self-realization), and 4 types of motivation to maintain the order in these systems (motivation of self-preservation, protection of «Self», altruistic and moral motivation).

In 2010 year a system motivation profile Test (SMT) was offered, composed of step-by-step ranking of 32 values, correlated with the main system types of motivation, divided into 4 tables with 8 values in each. To expand the capabilities of the test, its modification — M-test — is proposed that allows to add the profile of a person’s values to his motivation profile and the coefficient of the retest reliability to the results of the study.

Both types of the technique can be used in paper and electronic versions. The striking feature of the new test modification is the presence of the fifth table, that contains two values from each of the 4 tables, where the values received the highest ranks after the finishing of the basic testing stage. Thus, the fifth table summarizes the 8 most significant values for the person. The person ranks the values following the same logic as in previous testing version. Based on the results of this part of the work the structure of the person’s values is determined. The double ranking procedure of the most significant human values in the new version of the technique also allows to determine the retest reliability of the results.

The validation test was carried out in 2015–2018 years on the basis of a comparative assessment of the students’ results at three Moscow universities (Moscow city university, Russian state social university and Moscow institute for psychoanalysis) and the results of expert assessments of the students’ motivation  profile participated in the study. The curators of the groups, that accompanied students during their training, served as the experts. In total 610 people participated in the study. The correlation between the test data and the expert assessments was equal to 0.81, that indicates the validity of the proposed technique.

 

Keywords: motivation; motivation and values of a person; system psychology; motivation profile; values; the ranking of values.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N., Smolovskaya L. B. The technique for system diagnostics of a person’s motivation and values: M-test // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 26–39.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : V. A. Medintsev, G. S. Kostiuk QUESTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION IN THE CONTEXT OF SYSTEMIC DESCRIPTION OF CULTURE

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QUESTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION

IN THE CONTEXT OF SYSTEMIC DESCRIPTION OF CULTURE

 

V. A. Medintsev,

G. S. Kostiuk

Institute of Psychology of the National Academy

of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev

 

One of the possible prospects for the development of psychological science is the integration of the knowledge accumulated in it and the creation of a universal methodology for theoretical and experimental studies.

The article briefly outlines the modern scientific context of integration in psychology, emphasizes the its implementation difficulties. The presented methodological positions of G. A. Ball and the author of the article concern with integrative problems and the prospect of the nearest stage of research. It is shown that research on the integrative-personal approach, the cultural function of psychological science and the systemic nature of psychological knowledge can become a theoretical basis for the methodological development of a complex problems of psychological knowledge integrating. The main results are embodied in the developments of: a system of concepts for describing culture as a modi structure and personality as characteristics of a personal psychological modus; theoretical and methodological tools for a formalized description of the interaction of psychological science as a culture modus with its other modi; method of the set-theoretical description for processes (ST-method) and its applications in psychological research. In order to substantiate and develop the concept of psychological knowledge integration on this methodological basis, it is necessary to solve a number of research problems. Among the priorities: to overcome the difficulties on universalization of the representation of scientific-psychological knowledge; to propose a version of the synthesis of the results obtained within the framework of the natural-science and humanitarian paradigms. The main question that must be answered when carrying out these studies is formulated: what methodological tool for a universal description of the objects of psychological research and the presentation of scientific-psychological knowledge may be acceptable to the psychological community.

 

Keywords: natural-science and humanitarian paradigms; psychological science; culture; modus of culture; formalized descriptions in psychology; psychological knowledge integration.

 

For citation: Medintsev V. A. Questions of psychological knowledge integration in the context of systemic description of culture // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 14–25.

 


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : A. A. Tyukov,SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF SUBJECT CATEGORIES IN THE HUMAN-SCIENCES

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SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF SUBJECT CATEGORIES IN THE HUMAN-SCIENCES

 

A. A. Tyukov,

MCU, Moscow

 

Introduction. Development prospects of the modern general anthropology are driven by attempts to reach a consensus for subject positions in the study of the human being phenomenon. As a basis for such a consensus, the authors consider the system analysis of the status and contents of the original categories and notions derived from the disciplines that comprise a complex of sciences of a human being.

Methodology. The article investigates the prospects of integrating the methodology of systemic and integrative approaches to the system psychological sciences. In light of the modern systematology, systemic psychology by B. N. Ryzhov (1999) and the concept of integrative development psychology by АА. Tyukov (1998), the article focuses on the contents and technologies of systemic analysis in all spheres of the psychological knowledge. The methodological principle of a systemic psychological analysis underpins a statement of the integrated perception of personal, mental and activity-related characteristics of a human being in their joint development and manifestation. In the systemic analysis, in terms of the interpretation logics, there appear layers and levels that are on a mutually reflexive basis reflected in the theoretical description of the system. The systemic analysis includes a description of processes, on the one hand, and of structures, morphology and material as a mechanism constituting the processes described, on the other hand.

The essence of the psycho is determined as an endogenous, internal and subjective activity of an individual. Thus, individuality should be analyzed as an integral characteristic of a specific individual in the dialectical view of its development from birth to death. The idea of narrative psychology aims to offer a generalized systemic characteristic of the life history of a man. In addition, the tasks of such generalized suppose that a typological classification should be applied to identify specific individual features of a person.

Conclusion. It has become possible to postulate a categorical nucleus of general psychology due to the applied psychometry of personal attributes of a man, its mind and abilities at every stage of its ontogenesis.

Systemic typology of life activities, typology of mental activity in terms of mind scale, scope and speed, and typology of abilities for life activity as mastered and interiorized means of communication finally give a psychological characteristic of a real human individuality.

 

Keywords: System as an organic integrity; layers of systemic analysis; categorical nucleus of development psychology; systemic typologies; category of life activity; motivation; targeting; individuality as a notion of scientific psychology.

 

For citation: Tyukov A. A. System analysis of subject categories in the human-sciences // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). Р. 5–13.


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