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B. A. Vyatkin, M. T. Tallibulina, HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF THE SYSTEM RESEARCH OF ABILITIES AND TALENTS AT V. S. MERLIN’S SCHOOL

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : B. A. Vyatkin, M. T. Tallibulina, HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF THE SYSTEM RESEARCH OF ABILITIES AND TALENTS AT V. S. MERLIN’S SCHOOL
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HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF THE SYSTEM RESEARCH

OF ABILITIES AND TALENTS AT V. S. MERLIN’S SCHOOL

(FOR THE 120th ANNIVERSARY SINCE THE SCIENTIST’S BIRTH)

 

B. A. Vyatkin,

M. T. Tallibulina,

PSHPU, Perm

 

Introduction. The analysis of key studying stages of the problem of abilities and talents at the Perm’s scientific psychological school covering the period since the end of the 1950th so far is presented in article.

The original position of the concept of abilities developed by the V. S. Merlin and also the results of later theoretical, methodological and empirical researches of abilities and talents which are executed according to V.S. Merlin’s doctrine about the integrated individuality of the person and reflection of the current state of the problem are presented.

Methodology. It is noted that system methodology is at the heart of our approach of studying abilities and talents which have been developed at the Perm’s psychological school. Abilities and talents are considered in interrelation with properties of different levels of the integrated individuality which is the self-developed and self-organized system consisting of relatively closed subsystems or levels of the full big system «person – society», beginning with biochemical features and coming to the social position of a person in society.

The submitted review of the most important results of researches of the general and special (professional) abilities and special talents undertaken by our psychologists shows specific features of manifestation of these phenomena in connection with age, sex and the stage of professional activity.

Conclusion. The prospects of studying of abilities and talents consisting of the transition to a polysystem research of the integrated individuality, in various spheres of action, and the definition of the role of abilities and talents in the development of an individuality are presented in the article.

 

Keywords: system methodology; integrated individuality; abilities; talents; polysystem interaction.

 

For citation: Vyatkin B. A., Tallibulina M. T. History and methodology of the system research of abilities and talents at V. S. Merlin’s school (for the 120th anniversary since the scientist’s birth) // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 64–75.

 

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