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A. N. Ryzhov, L. B. Smolovskaya, THE TECHNIQUE FOR SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS OF A PERSON’S MOTIVATION AND VALUES: M-TEST

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 28 : A. N. Ryzhov, L. B. Smolovskaya, THE TECHNIQUE FOR SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS OF A PERSON’S MOTIVATION AND VALUES: M-TEST
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THE TECHNIQUE FOR SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS

OF A PERSON’S MOTIVATION AND VALUES: M-TEST

 

A. N. Ryzhov,

L. B. Smolovskaya,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the description of a new psychodiagnostic technique for system diagnostics of a person’s motivation and values (M-test). The methodological background for the test is based on a system typology of motivation that allows to identify 8 special types of motivation, including 4 types of motivation for the development of biological and social systems (vital motivation, reproductive and cognitive motivation, motivation of self-realization), and 4 types of motivation to maintain the order in these systems (motivation of self-preservation, protection of «Self», altruistic and moral motivation).

In 2010 year a system motivation profile Test (SMT) was offered, composed of step-by-step ranking of 32 values, correlated with the main system types of motivation, divided into 4 tables with 8 values in each. To expand the capabilities of the test, its modification — M-test — is proposed that allows to add the profile of a person’s values to his motivation profile and the coefficient of the retest reliability to the results of the study.

Both types of the technique can be used in paper and electronic versions. The striking feature of the new test modification is the presence of the fifth table, that contains two values from each of the 4 tables, where the values received the highest ranks after the finishing of the basic testing stage. Thus, the fifth table summarizes the 8 most significant values for the person. The person ranks the values following the same logic as in previous testing version. Based on the results of this part of the work the structure of the person’s values is determined. The double ranking procedure of the most significant human values in the new version of the technique also allows to determine the retest reliability of the results.

The validation test was carried out in 2015–2018 years on the basis of a comparative assessment of the students’ results at three Moscow universities (Moscow city university, Russian state social university and Moscow institute for psychoanalysis) and the results of expert assessments of the students’ motivation  profile participated in the study. The curators of the groups, that accompanied students during their training, served as the experts. In total 610 people participated in the study. The correlation between the test data and the expert assessments was equal to 0.81, that indicates the validity of the proposed technique.

 

Keywords: motivation; motivation and values of a person; system psychology; motivation profile; values; the ranking of values.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N., Smolovskaya L. B. The technique for system diagnostics of a person’s motivation and values: M-test // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). P. 26–39.

 

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