Digest

Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality


Preuss F., Perevozkina Yu. M. Interconnection and types of social relations of role socialization system formation: metasystem approach


Ryzhov B. N. The actual-self, ideal-self and hidden-self (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Ryzhov B. N., Tarasova А. А. Emotional Perception of Architectural Objects of 1920–1930s by Moscow Students (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Kondratyev V. M. The Problem of Balance between Morality and Law in Human Education (with a Translation into English)


Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (translated into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Aleksander T. A Review about Old Age and Disability (translated into English by A. Diniejko and into Russian by О. Leszczak)



A. A. Zych Silver University as an alternative for the polish solutions


B. N. Ryzhov THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance


Yu. M. Perevozkina, V. G. Fedosov, F. Prusse Functional organization of impasa-role socialization of youth: metasystemic approach


T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society


G. Gross, J. S. Frolova From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy


Simons G. Tangible threats through intangible means: aspects of BRICS information and communication security


Ryzhov B. N., Mashkova L. A., Stolyarova G. I. Dynamics of motivational indicators in high school

B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology
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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : E. S. Romanova, L. I. Bershedova, INFORMATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY FOR ADOLESCENTS: SYSTEMIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

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INFORMATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY FOR ADOLESCENTS:

SYSTEMIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

 

E. S. Romanova,

L. I. Bershedova,

MCU, Moscow

 

In the article the problem of information and psychological security for adolescents is considered on the basis of a system-psychological analysis that assumes the definition of not only the essential characteristics of the phenomenon of information-and-psychological security, but also the psychological mechanisms of its development. Information and psychological security is defined as a psychological characteristic of the individual, designed to ensure the security of adolescents in the information environment. The content characteristics of the child’s IPI are derived from an understanding of the threats to information impacts, their mechanisms and the consequences of negative impacts, external and internal hazards. As external, manipulative effects on the adolescent’s personality, his consciousness and emotional-volitional sphere, sources of “illusory reality”, resources propagating cruelty and violence, cyberbullying are singled out. Internal sources of danger are analyzed in the context of individual and personal characteristics and characteristics of adolescents’ self-awareness.

To a special group of risk are adolescents with signs of trouble in interpersonal relationships and communication. On the basis of these data, the IPS is defined as a systemically organized entity that reflects the aggregate of three components — object, subject, intersubject, whose interaction and coherence determines the measure of the protection of children from the negative influences of the information environment.

The materials of the article cover the issue of psychological mechanisms of development, which allow initiating an increase in the protective functions of information and psychological safety of adolescents. The structural and functional system of psychological mechanisms reflects the main problems of the development of information and psychological safety for adolescents and is constructed taking into account the activation of mechanisms at all levels — universal, generalized and specifically acting in a particular situation. The choice of psychological mechanisms was carried out on the basis of age characteristics of adolescents and those problems that hinder their effective protection from negative information impacts.

The final part of the article presents a conceptual model of the development of information and psychological safety for adolescents, whose versatility allows in a schematic form to reproduce the process of formation of information and psychological safety of adolescents in the aggregate of functionally interrelated components and mechanisms of their development as an integrated system.

 

Keywords: information-psychological security; psychological mechanisms of development; a conceptual model of information-psychological security.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S., Bershedova L. I. Information and psychological security for adolescents: systemic and psychological analysis // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 26–38.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : V. P. Sheinov, DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEST «PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF THE RISK OF ADULT-INDIVIDUAL VICTIMIZATION»

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEST «PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

OF THE RISK OF ADULT-INDIVIDUAL VICTIMIZATION»

 

V. P. Sheinov,

Republican Institute of Higher Education,

Minsk, Republic of Belarus

 

Victimness — the tendency to become a victim of crime, accident, intentional actions of other people; victimization — an event of violence or experience of experiencing violence, the process of turning a person into a victim of criminal assault, and the result of this process. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid test to assess the psychological risk factors of victimization. Tasks for the corresponding questionnaire, which differentiate the degree of manifestation of victimization, are obtained by using a combination of external, deductive and inductive strategies. In the pilot study, two contrasting groups of subjects, numbering 389 and 400 people, participated, comparing the indicators of which allowed to select differentiating tasks. It is shown that the constructed victimization risk test satisfies three standard reliability criteria (internal consistency, reliability of test parts, retest stability). The developed test is valid because it meets all known validity criteria: validation in the process of test design, validity of meaningful, «obvious», current and prognostic, consensus, constructive, convergent, contrast, gender. The scales (subtests) of the test diagnose seven types of victimization: general and realized victimization, propensity to aggressive, self-destructive, dependent and uncritical type of victim behavior and the degree of insecurity from manipulation. Victimization diagnosed with this test is positively correlated with a propensity for risky behavior, with anxiety, depression and low self-esteem and is negatively associated with assertiveness — all this corresponds to the essence of victimization. Standardization of the developed test was carried out on a representative sample of 563 men and 513 women. Representativeness of samples in the study is provided by a wide representation of the subjects by sex, age, education, profession, job position, social status, region of residence and is confirmed by the normal distribution of test results.

 

Keywords: psychological factors; risk of victimization; reliability; validity; risk behavior; anxiety; depression; self-esteem; assertiveness; men; women.

 

For citation: Sheinov V. P. Development of the test «Psychological factors of the risk of adult-individual victimization» // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 14–25.


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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 27 : B. N. Ryzhov, L. B. Smolovskaya, THE TECHNIQUE FOR SELF-APPRAISAL OF EMOTIONAL TONE AND ACTIVITY SETA

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THE TECHNIQUE FOR SELF-APPRAISAL

OF EMOTIONAL TONE AND ACTIVITY SETA

 

B. N. Ryzhov,

L. B. Smolovskaya,

MCU, Moscow

 

The article is devoted to the description of a new psychodiagnostic technique SETA (Self-apprasal of emotional tone and activity), designed to assess the important components of the emotional state — an emotional tone and its accompanying activity. To represent these indicators, the form of two orthogonal axes (with two scales — «Рleasure» and «Еxcitement») was chosen. It allows to visualize a set of possible emotional states as a two-dimensional array of data or a matrix of states (the dimension is 8 × 8), each element of which corresponds to a certain point of qualitative orientation and intensity of the emotion experienced.

The test procedure is as follows: a person should fix his current appropriate state and fill it in the relevant cell of the test area.

In accordance with the methodological terms of V. Wundt’s emotions theory, the SETA technique can be used both in a blank version or in a modern computer application program version — it can be downloaded to a smartphone or computer.

To assess the effectiveness of the use of the SETA method in 2018, a pilot study was conducted, and 62 people participated in it — 30 men and 32 women, aged 18–28 years. They were asked to watch four video episodes, supposed to provoke different emotional states. After watching each video episodes, the subjects were asked to assess their emotional state according to SETA technique and SAN technique.

The results of the study have been fully confirmed by the internal validity and reliability of the SETA technique. A comparative analysis of SETA and SAN methodologies showed that there is a correlation between the «Fun» and «well-being» scales (r = 0,417), and between the «Excitation» and «Activity» scales (r = 0,527), indicating external validity of the technique SETA.

The simplicity and convenience of the SETA technique in use for both the subject and the interpreter as well as the possibility of its repeated use together with a short testing time allows us to recommend a technique for a rapid diagnostics of the emotional state of a person and his emotional reactions under the influence of various emotional stimuli. The SETA technique can be applied in the field of education and social protection as well as in ergonomic and marketing researches.

 

Keywords: emotional tone; emotional state; activity, excitement; calm; pleasure; displeasure; self-diagnosis.

 

For citation: Ryzhov B. N., Smolovskaya L. B. The technique for self-appraisal of emotional tone and activity SETA // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 5–13.


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