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E. S. Romanova, N. G. Somova, SYSTEM RESEARCH OF THE LIFE QUALITY IN THE ELDERLY AND OLD AGE

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 36 : E. S. Romanova, N. G. Somova, SYSTEM RESEARCH OF THE LIFE QUALITY IN THE ELDERLY AND OLD AGE
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UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872. 2020.36.4.02

 

SYSTEM RESEARCH OF THE LIFE QUALITY 

IN THE ELDERLY AND OLD AGE

 

E. S. Romanova,

MSPU, Moscow,

RomanovaES@mgpu.ru,

 

N. G. Somova,

MRCRD, Korolev,

Somovang@mail.ru

 

The article is devoted to a systematic study of the quality of life components in the elderly and old age. The assessment of the modern understanding of the concept of "quality of life" is carried out. The aim of this work is to determine the factors affecting the quality of life in the elderly and old age. The system study touches upon such quality of life components as anxiety, depression, aggression, and general psychological well-being. The system-psychological analysis of the quality of life components allows us to consider the needs that arise in the elderly and old age through the prism of system unity and offers a qualitative new perception of emotional experiences characteristic of this period. 

The article presents the results of the study conducted in 2019 on the basis of Moscow regional center for rehabilitation of disabled people with the participation of 39 recipients of elderly and old people.

The quality of life indicators of elderly and old people receiving social rehabilitation services in the center of rehabilitation for the elderly people with the indicators of the quality of life of those who are taken care at home were compared. 

In the course of a systematic research, it was revealed that the indicators of the psychological and physical health components among people who attend rehabilitation activities in the social service center exceed the indicators of people who are taken care at home. There is also an increased level of anxiety and depression among people who are served at home, which indicates a lower quality of life compared to elderly and old people who receive social rehabilitation services in the center. Based on the data obtained, it is concluded that the quality of life is a complex system construct that includes both individual psychological characteristics of a person and the ability of establishing strong social ties in the elderly and old age.

 

Key words: systems analysis; old age; activity; satisfaction; quality of life; aging; meaning of life; social quality; psychological well-being.

For citation: Romanova E. S., Somova N. G. System research of the life quality in the elderly and old age // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 4 (36). P. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.36.4.02

 

Romanova Evgeniya Sergeevna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor. Head of the Department of General and Practical Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of Social-and-Psychological Researches in Education at the Institute of Special Education and Psychology of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-9032-6869

 

Somova Natalya Gennadievna, Director of the Moscow Regional Center for Rehabilitation of Disabled People, Korolev, Russia.

E-mail: Somovang@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-4160-4711

 

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