B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology




Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 25 : E. N. Yudina, N. A. Moroz, THE CATEGORY OF ‘LIFEWORLD’ IN SOCIOLOGY AND LITERATURE
    Views: 139



E. N. Yudina,

N. A. Moroz,

MTTSU, Moscow


The article is concerned with the concept of lifeworld, its interpretations and specifics of use in contemporary sociological concepts. According to the authors, lifeworld is a reality, which is not artificially created or externally imposed, it functions naturally. Its existence is obvious and unquestionable. The phenomenon of lifeworld originated long before a man attempted to rationalise and describe it. The notion of lifeworld is not limited to the category of natural world. This world has the common structure of scientific and ordinary phenomena, which includes historical and social experience of humanity and also its past, present and future. This concept is a complex of individual’s objective and subjective understanding of reality, social processes and natural phenomena. It is based on human interaction and accounts experience and knowledge gathered by previous generations.

The authors suggest that the category of lifeworld can be applied to analyze literary works. In the context of L. Tolstoy’s novel “War and Peace” the main representations of this term proposed by sociologists and special aspects of its interpretation by L. Tolstoy are compared. The authors come to the conclusion that the concept of lifeworld consists not only of daily routine, but it also includes the complex of senses of human existence and communication in the society. The analysis of the epoch of the War of 1812 in L. Tolstoy’s novel “War and Peace” demonstrates specifics and differences of the lifeworld of social classes in Russia in the early 19th century and its transformation under the influence of war and post-war period.


Keywords: sociology of everyday life; lifeworld; everyday life; daily routine; sense of life; social communication; L. Tolstoy; War and Peace.


For citation: Yudina E. N., Moroz N. A. The category of ‘lifeworld’ in sociology and literature // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 1 (25). P. 110–118.




1. Bilinkis Ya. S. On Tolstoy’s heritage: essays. Leningrad: Sovetsky pisatel, 1959. 412 p.

2. Bolshakov A. M. The village: 1917–1927. M., 1927. 472 p.

3. Vasilyuk F. E. A Lifeworld and Crysis: a typology analysis of Critical Situations // Psychologic Journal.1995. № 3. P. 90–101.

4. Husserl E. Collected works. М., 2005. 464 p.

5. Husserl E. The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology / trans. by D. Sklyadneva. SPb.: Vladimir Dal, 2004. 315 p.

6. Divisenko K. S. The lifeworld researches in social sciences // Sociological Journal. 2014. № 1.P. 6-21.

7. Ermilov V. V. Tolstoy as an artist and the novel “War and peace”. M., 1961. 357 p.

8. The life-world of Russians: 25 years later (late 1980s to mid – 2010s): Scientific publication / Edited by Zh.T. Toshhenko. – CSP i M, 2016. 367 p.

9. Kasavin I. T., Schavelev S. P. Analysis of an everyday life. M.: Kanon+, 2004. 432 p.

10. Lyubimov G. P. The notions of ‘lifeworld’ and ‘everyday life’ // Scientific rationality and everyday life structures: conference abstracts (Saint Petersburg, 22–23 November 1999). SPb, 1999. P. 127–128.

11. Mironova G. S. The Bolkonskies’ family and the Kuragins: the “world” and the “anti – world” in the epic-novel by L. N. Tolstoy // Humanitarian statements of TGPU named after L. N. Tolstoy. 2014.№ 3 (11). P. 54–62.

12. Motroshilova N. V. The notion and the concept of a lifeworld in E. Husserl’s late philosophy // The Questions of Philosophy. 2007. № 9. P. 134–145.

13. Przhilenskaya I. B. The evolution of the lifeworld of Russians in a context of transformative society: an abstract for thesis … doctor of sociological sciences. Stavropol, 2008. 40 p.

14. Reznik Yu. M. Social measurement of a lifeworld (Introduction to the sociology of life). М., 1995.102 p.

15. Tolstoy L. N. War and Peace. URL: http://ilibrary.ru/text/11/index.html

16. Toschenko Zh. T. Lifeworld — methodological characteristics of sociology of life // RGGU Bulletin. 2015. № 7. P. 9–18.

17. Shtompka P. An everyday life is in the focus: a new turn in sociology // Sociological Studies. 2009. № 8. P. 3–13.

18. Eberle T. S. Phenomenological Life-World Analysis and Ethnomethodology’s Program // Human Studies. 2012. V. 35, № 2. P. 279–304 .

19. Kerszberg P. From the World of Life to the Life-World. – In Michael R. Kelly (ed.), Bergson and Phenomenology. Palgrave-Macmillan, 2010. P. 223-244.

20. Ruggerone L. Science and Life-World: Husserl, Schutz, Garfinkel // Human Studies. 2013. V. 36. № 2. P. 179–197.