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S. L. Lenkov, T. B. Matsyuk, COMPARATIVE SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE PHENOMENA OF VOLUNTEERISM AND VOLUNTEERING

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 25 : S. L. Lenkov, T. B. Matsyuk, COMPARATIVE SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE PHENOMENA OF VOLUNTEERISM AND VOLUNTEERING
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COMPARATIVE SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE PHENOMENA

OF VOLUNTEERISM AND VOLUNTEERING

 

S. L. Lenkov,

ISCFE RAE, Moscow,

T. B. Matsyuk,

ISCFE RAE, Moscow, TI MHEU, Tver

 

The article presents the results of a comparative system psychological analysis of the phenomena of volunteerism and volunteering. The analysis is performed with a multidisciplinary position and is based on the results of studies of these phenomena in the framework of psychology, sociology, pedagogy, cultural studies and Economics.

In accordance with the metasystem principle analysis was applied to metasystem, structural, functional, genetic and integrative aspects. For each of these aspects is highlighted the system-wide criteria for comparison of the studied phenomena. Performed specification and detail of these criteria, which highlighted a number of specific criteria that helped to identify the symptoms of both the broad similarity of the phenomena of volunteering and volunteerism, and some of their qualitative differences. In particular, it was found that the phenomenon of volunteerism is different from the phenomenon of volunteering earlier historical time of occurrence and, accordingly involvement in historically more long-standing socio-cultural tradition of domestic and some other countries (e.g., France). For volunteering, in contrast to volunteerism, in relation to an individual characteristic: an active form of participation, with priority given to the joint nature of its manifestations; a relatively wide sphere of influence activity to its organization and itsrelatively broad normative value and meaning, and the requirement of motivational Foundation. However, the system identified the sources of the broad similarity of the phenomena of volunteering and of volunteering, including target implementation of the basic needs of man and society in altruism, scoring high social importance of these phenomena and their ability to manifest as the basic subsystems of social communities, social activity and mental representation.

The overall conclusion of the study is that the actual sinonimizat concepts of volunteering and volunteerism that exist in modern scientific literature, not the real, objective non-identity of the relevant phenomena. The proposed provisions clarifying the essence of the phenomena of volunteerism and volunteering, as well as the definitions of the relevant scientific concepts.

 

Keywords: volunteerism; volunteering; volunteerism activities; volunteer activities; the system psychological analysis; the metasystem principle.

 

For citation: Lenkov S. L., Matsyuk T. B. Comparative system analysis of the phenomena of volunteerism and volunteering // Systems psychology and sociology. 2018. № 1 (25). P. 95–109.

 

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