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UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.34.2.0




E. S. Romanova,

MCU, Moscow,



The article is about the relationship between a man and society in F. M. Dostoevsky's works. Trying to un­derstand the nature of the human soul, he put the question of people's actions and motives first. Dostoevsky continuously analyzed the thoughts and actions of peoples' characters, thereby reminding readers about their responsibility for the actions.

The purpose of the article is to analyze the ways of interaction between a person and society in F. M. Dos-toevsky's works. It is known that Dostoevsky defended humanistic positions in his novels. He convincingly proved that murder can not be justified by any theory. Attention is drawn to the fact that F. M. Dostoevsky raised the question of ways and methods of person's self-reflection before others, it is mentioned that people use self-reflection to overcome life's difficulties and criisis situations. Nature has given man the mechanism of internal dialogue for communicating with himself as a tool for self-organization and self-programming. According to F. M. Dostoevsky's statement, to live means to constantly communicate with oneself, and in this case reflection means as a way of understanding life within oneself. The adaptive role of this kind of mental activity will increase in the future, and the further development of humanity will require even more subtle reflexivity. At the same time, F. M. Dostoevsky convincingly showed that religious feeling is a «breeding ground» for the development and improvement of person's life.

The article also considers other points of view noted by F. M. Dostoevsky, and these views are consonant with the ideas of forming mechanisms of person's mental self-regulation, — this is the moment of person's appeal to religion. The background of the internal dialog for communication with oneself dates back to hu­manistic religions. In conclusion it is stated that Dostoevsky-as-the artist was a preacher of the humanistic religion and declared a new philosophy, based on the moral law and the view of the world of the Renaissance epoch.


Keywords: personality; society; humanism; internal dialogue; psyche; values; morality; religious feeling; relection.

For citation: Romanova E. S. Self-reflection and interaction between individual and society in F. M. Dos­toevsky's heritage // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 2 (34). P. 21-30. DOI: 10.25688/2223­6872.2020.34.2.02

Romanova Evgeniya Sergeevna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Acting Director of the In­stitute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations at the Moscow City University, Head of the Depart­ment of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9032-6869




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