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L. I. Bershedova, L. P. Nabatnikova, B. N. Ryzhov, ILYA REPIN: THE LIFE CIRCLE

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : L. I. Bershedova, L. P. Nabatnikova, B. N. Ryzhov, ILYA REPIN: THE LIFE CIRCLE
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ILYA REPIN: THE LIFE CIRCLE

 

L. I. Bershedova,

L. P. Nabatnikova,

B. N. Ryzhov,

MCU, Moscow,

BershedovaLI@mgpu.ru,

NabatnikovaLP@mgpu.ru,

RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru

 

The article presents a system-psychological analysis of Ilya Repin’s life and work, whose 175th anniversary is celebrated this year. The presented approach based on knowledge of the objectively existing stages of person’s motivation development allows us to offer some views of the motivating reasons for his relationships with people around him and the meaning of a long artist’s block that he experienced on the decline of his life.

The artist’s childhood and youth, the beginning of his career and the circumstances of his first marriage in his youth as well as achieving creative heights during his adulthood are assessed from a systemic psychological points. Particular attention is devoted to the psychological assessment of the artist’s creative searches on the border of his adult and middle age in the 1890s. During these years Repin experienced the most critical period linked both to disagreements between him and his close people and the decline of the old realism art movement, unfolding before him. In addition, all this came against the mid-life crisis, that is specific for the age of 48–50 years and associated with the end of the period systemic development of a person and the beginning of the period of preservation of his inherent ties and relationships, in accordance with the system-psychological concept. Repin’s interest in teaching at the Imperial Academy of Arts was the way out of that crisis for him.

According to systemic-psychological concepts, the average age of a person is replaced by the age of maturity. The existential dominant of this period is altruism. A person returns to family values of a young age, but with a shift in emphasis from the actual reproductive aspirations to psychological interaction and emotional support of each other. This feature of ages and stages personality development is the key to understanding the role of second marriage in the life of an artist.

Finally, the peculiarity of old age, replacing adulthood, is a special attention to issues of self-esteem and protection of one’s personality, his “Self”. These values   will remain dominant at the end of Ilya Repin’s life.

 

Keywords: Repin; psychology of art; motivational sphere; system psychology; system analysis; creativity; the crisis of realism art movement; system periods of person’s life.

For citation: Bershedova L. I., Nabatnikova L. P., Ryzhov B. N. Ilya Repin: the life circle // Systems Psycho logy and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 65–78. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.06.

 

Bershedova Ludmila Ivanovna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Professor at the Department of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: BershedovaLI@mgpu.ru

Nabatnikova Ludmila Petrovna, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: NabatnikovaLP@mgpu.ru

Ryzhov Boris Nikolayevich, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Pedagogical, Developmental and Social Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru

 

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