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O. A. Dobrina, SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF P. BOURDIEU’S CONCEPT

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 31 : O. A. Dobrina, SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF P. BOURDIEU’S CONCEPT
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SOCIAL RISKS OF MODERNITY AND THE THREATS TO IDENTITY: SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF P. BOURDIEU’S CONCEPT

 

O. A. Dobrina,

NSPU, Novosibirsk

dobrina-o@mail.ru

 

This paper purposes to generalize, systematize and clarify the basic concepts of the theory of social risk and threats to identity in scientific creations of P. Bourdieu, French philosopher and sociologist. Bourdieu’s contribution to development of the unifying approach characteristic of modern post-nonclassical sociology is noted. Concepts of the social field, a habitus and symbolical violence are analyzed. The social field is treated as the dynamic system including positions and dispositions of subjects, filled with forces which fight crystallizes in social structures. Habitus is considered as the central backbone category in Bourdieu’s theory. It represents the system of the mental estimating installations on certain patterns of behavior, its structured and structuring motivational structures incorporated by the personality in external and behavioural characteristics. Habitus will define borders of choices and life strategy. Symbolical violence is presented as a form of the power legitimizing a relevant political ratio of forces and, at the same time, hiding mechanisms of influence on mental structures.

The ideas of social risks and threats to identity which implicitly are present at Bourdieu’s theory come to light. The concept of the social field includes risks of uneven distribution of social resources, dissonances of positions and dispositions of social agents, the competing strategy of participants of a sotsialnogovzaimodeystviye. The category of a habitus contains the ideas of risks of mismatch of past experience and relevant problems of the present, unequal social and economic conditions of a sotsiadization imbalanced various social agents. Symbolical violence determines risks of the social conflicts and protest movements, social stagnation and restrictions of social mobility, decrease in creative activity of social subjects.

High level of prospects of the theory of Bourdieu for development of an integrative paradigm of modern sociology, expansion of the subject field of multidisciplinary researches and opportunities of realization of a political ideal Bourdieu — an egalitarian and fair social order is emphasized.

 

Keywords: social space; social field; social agent; habitus; social capital; symbolical power; symbolical violence.

For citation: Dobrina O. A. Social risks of modernity and the threats to identity: systematic analysis of the concept of P. Bourdieu // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 3 (31). P. 105–116. DOI 10.25688/2223- 6872.2019.31.3.10

 

Dobrina Olga Aleksandrovna, PhD in Sociology, associate professor at the Department of social psychology and victimology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Е-mail: dobrina-o@mail.ru

 

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