B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology
Partners

WWW.SYSTEMPSYCHOLOGY.RU

 

D.V. Ivanov, PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA IN THE EARLY XIX CENTURY. A. S. LUBKIN

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 31 : D.V. Ivanov, PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA IN THE EARLY XIX CENTURY. A. S. LUBKIN
    Views: 51

PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT IN RUSSIA IN THE EARLY XIX CENTURY. A. S. LUBKIN

 

D.V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

The article discusses the leading ideas of one of the prominent figures of Russian enlightenment A. Lubkin, who contributed to the development of Russian psychological thought in the early 19th century, in the formation of the system of psychological concepts in Russia. In his creative work there are two major stages. The first of them (1792–1801) is associated with his formation as a philosopher and philosophizing psychologist, passing apprenticeship and testing himself as a teacher and mentor. The second stage (1801–1815) is, when he has an opportunity not only to generalize his hilosophical and psychological ideas and views, but also to present them textually to a wide audience.

Lubkin worked on the creation of a holistic concept that can explain the world, able to determine the place of man in the world, to solve the problem of rational and sensual. Psychological questions were the basis of this concept, they gave it completeness. In their psychological reasoning he followed the tradition that came from the philosophical century (A. S. Pushkin), together with the creation of V. N. Tatishchev, M. V. Lomonosov. IA. P. Kozelsky, N. I. Novikova, A. N. Radishchev. Lubkin, who is the successor of the sensualist theory of world perception, himself formed the tradition of critical consideration of the achievements of the world philosophical (and psychological) thought, in particular, the Kantian methodological assumptions that did not allow to reach the level of building a materialistic-oriented psychological theory.

In his works Lubkin uses the concept of psychology, firmly introducing it into the professional thesaurus of his time. He refers to the description of psychological phenomena (sensations, perception, ideas, memory, imagination, attention, thinking, emotions, will, speech).

A system of concepts typical of the time is traced there. An important concept of Lubkin’s system of psychological views is human thinking, mental cognition. The educator was looking for ways to improve the organization of thinking and the development of correct thinking.

Lubkin is confident in the very idea of the development of thinking from the simplest beginnings to the deep and true conclusions in human reasoning. It is also significant that the thinker notes clear individual differences in people with different natural potential in the manifestations of memory, imagination, thinking, etc. According to the views of Lubkin, man is able to fight for the implementation of his own life, to achieve true good, corresponding to his spiritual nature. The moral improvement of their own human nature becomes criterion and condition for the fight.

The article uses historical and psychological reconstruction, bibliographic method, as well as psychological interpretation of the ideas and views of the Russian educator to systematize the main materials and sources.

 

Keywords: psychology; cardiodiagnostic principle; nature; human nature; human potential; a system of psychological concepts; the concept; disputations; fighting; man fighting; true prosperity.

For citation: Ivanov D. V. Psychological thought in russia in the early XIX century. A. S. Lubkin // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 3 (31). P. 76–93. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.31.3.08

 

Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD (pedagogics). Docent at the department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

References

 

 

1. Ananiev B. G. Russian scientific psychology and its role in the world psychological science // Soviet pedagogy. 1945. № 3. P. 47–56.

2. Ananiev B. G. Essays on the history of Russian psychology of the XVIII and XIX centuries: monograph. Moscow: OGIZ, 1947. 168 p.

3. Artemyeva T. V. The history of metaphysics in Russia of the XVIII century: monograph. Saint-Petersburg: Aletheia, 1996. 320 p.

4. Berkovich E. L. Essays on the history of psychology in Russia in the XVIII and the first half of the XIX century.: PhD thesis ... Cand. sci. (Pedagogics). Chkalov, 1939. 280 p.

5. Boyko V. A. Kant and Russian philosophical culture, XVIII – the first quarter of the XIX century.: PhD thesis. ... Cand. sci. (Culturology). Novosibirsk, 1998. 191 p. 6. World History: 10 tons. / ed. by N. A. Smirnova. T.

6. Moscow: Publishing House of Socio-Economic Literature, 1959. 830 p.

7. Vulfovich A. M. Critical bio-bibliographic review of Russian psychological literature of the first half of the XIX century: PhD thesis ... Cand. sci. (Pedagogics) Leningrad, 1945. 821 p.

8. Grech N. I. Notes about my life. Saint-Petersburg: ed. by A. S. Suvorin, 1886. 504, XLVII, 26 p.

9. Dessuar M. Sketch of the history of psychology: trans. from German: monograph. Moscow: AST; Minsk: Harvest, 2002. 256 p.

10. Zagoskin N. P. The history of the Imperial Kazan University in the first hundred years of its existence. 1804–1904. Vol. 1. Introduction and part one (1804–1814): monograph. Kazan: Tipo-litogr. Imp. Kazan University, 1902. XLV, 567, XIX, IV, [1] p.

11. Zaripov M. M. Philosophical and sociological thought at the University of Kazan (10–60-s. XIX c.): PhD thesis ... Cand. sci. (Philosophy). Moscow, 1991. 21 p.

12. Zverev V. M. Philosophy in Russia before and after the “trial” of professors at St. Petersburg University (on the problem of the general pattern of the spiritual life of Russian society in the first third of the 19th century) // Vestnik of Leningrad university. Series of economics, philosophy and law. 1969. № 5. Vol. 1. P. 97–106.

13. Ivanov D. V. Psychological thought in Russia at the beginning of the XIX century. A. P. Kunitsyn // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2016. № 2 (18). P. 96–108.

14. Ivanov D. V. Psychological thought in Russia of the late XVIII – early XIX century. V. F. Malinovsky // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 3 (27). P. 110–129.

15. Kamensky Z. A. I. Kant in Russian philosophy of the early 19th century // Bulletin of the history of world culture. 1960. № 1. P. 49–66.

16. Kamensky Z. A. On the development of dialectical ideas in Russian philosophy of the beginning of the XIX century // Problems of philosophy. 1964. № 8. P. 117–126.

17. Kamensky Z. A. Philosophical ideas of the Russian Enlightenment (deistichesko-materialistic school): monograph. Moscow:Mysl, 1971. 398 p.

18. Kant I. Collection of works: in 6 vol. / ed. by V. F. Asmus, A. V. Hulygi T. I. Ozeirman. Vol. 3: Criticism of pure reason Moscow: Mysl, 1964. 798 p.

19. Karamzin N. M. Selected works: in 2 vol. Vol. 1. Moscow – Leningrad.: Hood. Lit., 1964. 812 p.

20. Klyuchevsky V. O. Works: in 9 vol. / ed. by V. L. Janika; afterglow and comments by R. A. Kireyeva. Vol. 9. Moscow: Mysl, 1990. 525, [1] p.

21. Kondakov I. M. Metaphysics of the soul in the works of Russian thinkers of the XVIII–XIX centuries // Psychological journal. 1999. Vol. 20. No. 6. P. 89–96.

22. Kosheleva O. E. “His childhood” in ancient Russia and in Russia of the Enlightenment (XVI–XVIII centuries). Moscow: Publishing house URAO, 2000. 320 p.

23. Kravets I. N. “Letters on critical philosophy” A. S. Lubkin // Problems of philosophy. 1952. № 6. P. 151–154.

24. Kryshtop L. E. The doctrine of the postulates in the philosophy of Kant: PhD thesis. … Cand. sci. (Philosophy). Moscow, 2013. 26 p.

25. Lubkin A. S. Letters on critical philosophy // Severni Vestnik. 1805. Part VIII (August). P. 183–199.

26. Lubkin A. S. Letters on critical philosophy // Severni Vestnik. 1805. Part IX (September). P. 300–315.

27. [Lubkin A. S] Outline of Logic. Saint Peterberg: In the Printing house of F. Drechsler, 1807. XVI, 293, [3] p.

28. Lubkin A. S. The Inscription of logic. Moscow: LKE, 2019. 128 p.

29. Markov N. V. The philosophical significance of the theoretical heritage of N. I. Lobachevsky // Problems of philosophy. 1956. № 2. P. 132–141.

30. Markov N. V. N. I. Lobachevsky — the great Russian scientist. Moscow: Znanie, 1956. 56 p.

31. The heir got up early and sat down for the lessons... How they learned and studied in the XVIII century: a collection Moscow: Lomonosov, 2015. 224 p.

32. Plato. Works: in 3 vol. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl, 1970. 611 p.

33. Poets — Radichevists: a collection / an introd. article, the preparation of the text and refer. by V. N. Orlova. Leningrad: Soviet writer, 1961. 428 p.

34. Psychological thought of Russia: the Age of Enlightenment: a monograph / ed. by V. A. Koltsova. Saint-Petersburg: Aletheia, 2001. 376 p.

35. Pushkin A. S. The Collection of works: in 10 vol. Vol. 1. Moscow: Art. Lit., 1974. 744 p.

36. Radishchev A. N. Selected works / introd. art. by G. P. Makogonenko. Moscow – Leningrad: State Publishing house of art lit., 1949. LXIII, 856 p.

37. Romanova E. S., Ryzhov B. N. The history of psychology from system positions // Systems psychology and sociology. 2014. № 1 (9). P. 5–15.

38. Russian Enlighteners (from Radishchev to Decembrists): in 2 vol. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl, 1966. 480 p.

39. Rybnikov N. A. Psychology as the subject of teaching (in the higher pre-revolutionary school) // Soviet pedagogy. 1943. № 4. P. 42–49.

40. Ryzhov B. N. The history of psychological thought. Ways and patterns. Moscow: Military Publishing house, 2004. 240 p.

41. Ryzhov B. N. System psychology: monograph. 2nd ed. Moscow: T8 Publishing Technologies, 2017. 356 p.

42. Sakharov A. M., Muravyov A. V. Sketches of Russian culture IX–XVII. Moscow: Uchpedgiz, 1962. 348 p.

43. Smirnov A. A. The development and current state of psychological science in the USSR: monograph. Moscow: Pedagogy, 1975. 352 p.

44. Sokolov M. V. Essays on the history of psychological attitudes in Russia in the XI–XVIII centuries: monograph. Moscow: Publishing house of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RSFSR, 1963. 420 p.

45. Starshinov N. I. Organizational and pedagogical activity of N. I. Lobachevsky: PhD thesis ... cand. sci. (Pedagogics) Kazan, 2001. 229 p.

46. Subbotina L. Yu. The development of the subject and method of psychology abilities (in domestic science from the XVIII to XX century): PhD thesis ... cand. sci. (Psychology). Leningrad, 1986. 21 p.

47. Tuzov L. L. From the history of philosophical thought at the University of Kazan. Debates ofA. S. Lubkin against Kantian philosophy // Scientific notes of Kazan university. 1956. Vol. 116. Book 5. P. 268–272.

48. Shpet G. G. An Essay of the development of Russian philosophy. I / [Ed. made, commented., archeograf. by T. G. Shchedrin]. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2008. 592 p.

49. E n c y c l o p e d i c d i c t i o n a r y : 8 6 v o l . Vo l . 1 8 / e d . : FA . B r o c k - haus, I. A. Efron. Saint-Petersburg: Semenovskaya TipoLithography (I.A. Efron), 1896. 480 p.

50. Yakunin V. A. History of psychology. Saint-Petersburg: Publishing house of Mikhailov V. A., 2001. 379 p.

51. Yaroshevsky M. G. History of psychology: monograph. 3rd ed., revised. Moscow: Mysl, 1985. 575 p