Digest

Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality


Preuss F., Perevozkina Yu. M. Interconnection and types of social relations of role socialization system formation: metasystem approach


Ryzhov B. N. The actual-self, ideal-self and hidden-self (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Ryzhov B. N., Tarasova А. А. Emotional Perception of Architectural Objects of 1920–1930s by Moscow Students (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Kondratyev V. M. The Problem of Balance between Morality and Law in Human Education (with a Translation into English)


Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (translated into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Aleksander T. A Review about Old Age and Disability (translated into English by A. Diniejko and into Russian by О. Leszczak)



A. A. Zych Silver University as an alternative for the polish solutions


B. N. Ryzhov THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance


Yu. M. Perevozkina, V. G. Fedosov, F. Prusse Functional organization of impasa-role socialization of youth: metasystemic approach


T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society


G. Gross, J. S. Frolova From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy


Simons G. Tangible threats through intangible means: aspects of BRICS information and communication security


Ryzhov B. N., Mashkova L. A., Stolyarova G. I. Dynamics of motivational indicators in high school

B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology
Partners

WWW.SYSTEMPSYCHOLOGY.RU

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Contents № 3 (39)

  Просмотров: 137

CONTENTS

 

Psychological Researches

 

Romanova E. S., Ryzhov B. N., Kotova O. V. Gender and age features of self-assessment of sociocentric types of motivation (with translation into English)

Perevozkina Yu. M., Petrovskaya T. Yu. Features of the system of early maladaptive schemes of psychologists depending on gender

Danilova A. G., Mitina O. V. System analysis of value orientations of Russian culture according to the historical documents

Rumyantseva Z. V. The system of acmeological guidelines in the psychology of music education

Belashina T. V. Systemic features of personality motivation in the context of the manifestation of a dominant mental state

Kotovskaya S. V. Systemic features of emotional burnout in extreme specialists

 

History of Psychology and Psychology of History

 

Ivanov D. V. Psychological image of the hero in Russian culture: system analysis

Korzhova E. Yu., Stebenev A. S. Psychological thought of Russia of the late XIX – early XX centuries: student psychological society of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy

 

Sociological Researches

 

Tkachenko A. V. A system approach in sociological works of P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee 

 

Information

 

Authors of the Journal «Systems Psychology and Sociology», 2021, № 3 (39)

Author Guidelines


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Tkachenko A. V. A system approach in sociological works of P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee

  Просмотров: 153

 

UDC 316.2

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.9

 

A SYSTEM APPROACH IN SOCIOLOGICAL WORKS

OF P. A. SOROKIN AND A. TOYNBEE

 

A. V. Tkachenko,

MCU, Moscow,

TkachenkoAV@mgpu.ru

 

The article considers sociological concepts of two great scientists of the XX century P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee. Both sociologists left hundreds of works devoted to the analysis of various social processes. They were interested in both the past and the present, and even the future of mankind. When describing the trends of social development, they used a system approach more widely than most modern thinkers.

In human society P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee saw the social system that has been functioning for thousands of years according to its own system laws. All the processes occurring within this system have been studied by two scientists on the example of particular subsystems, or civilizations. Independently of each other, P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee applied a system approach to the analysis of the evolutionary path passed by the Western and other subsystems, and came to similar conclusions about the development of all major communities to the culmination point, after which the disintegration of internal connections and the degradation of any subsystem begin. Both P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee equally linked the formation and decline of subsystems with the approval of certain ideas and both assumed the cyclical nature of this process, when a new community comes to replace a dying one.

The article provides a comparative analysis of the positions of great sociologists, on the basis of which both general and original provisions of their concepts are distinguished. The interest of P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee in global and local social processes, their knowledge of the history, culture and religion of different peoples, the systematization of information from various humanities characteristic of their concepts allow them to analyze these scientists theories from the standpoint of a systematic approach.

 

Keywords: social system; social subsystem; system approach; P. A. Sorokin; A. Toynbee; civilization; social development; society.

 

For citation: Tkachenko A. V. A system approach in sociological works of P. A. Sorokin and A. Toynbee // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 105–115. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.9

 

Tkachenko Alexander Vladimirovich, PhD in Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the University Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences of the Institute of Humanities of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: TkachenkoAV@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-5271-3665

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Korzhova E. Yu., Stebenev A. S. Psychological thought of Russia of the late XIX – early XX centuries: student psychological society of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy

  Просмотров: 206

 

UDC 159.9

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872. 2021.39.3.8

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT OF RUSSIA

OF THE LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES:

STUDENT PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY

OF THE ST. PETERSBURG THEOLOGICAL ACADEMY

 

E. Yu. Korzhova,

Herzen University, St. Petersburg,

elenakorjova@gmail.com,

A. S. Stebenev,

Herzen University, St. Petersburg,

stebenev@inbox.ru.ru

 

The article is devoted to the study of the formation of history of Russian psychology in the context of the widespread penetration of European scientific concepts into the spiritual life of Russian society. The development of psychological thought in Russia is an attempt to use new methods in order to return to the main problem – learning of the human soul. At the same time, a systemic analysis of the formation of psychological thought in theological institutions can contribute to a holistic understanding of the history of psychological knowledge development in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The article examines such insufficiently known facts of the history of Russian psychology as its formation and teaching within the walls of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy. It was here that for the first time among the theological educational institutions in the Russian Empire, a separate department was formed, and teachers began to use practical classes in psychology as a necessary stage of studying the subject. The logical continuation of this process was the organization of the Student Psychological Society in 1900. The role of the student initiative in the creation of the society, headed by Professor V. S. Serebrenikov, was noted. The rules of the organization of the society, some features of writing and discussion of reports are briefly described. The topics of abstracts and reports were devoted to the study of subjects developed within the framework of various psychological trends of that time. Some topics of the reports that were discussed at the meetings of the society in different years of its work are given. During the period of its existence, the society has collected a library of psychological and philosophical literature, which allowed its members to be aware of modern achievements in psychology, to make presentations at the meetings. Some of the society reports have been published in periodicals. The reasons for the closure of the student psychological society in 1906 are described. In conclusion, the positive results of the society’s activities and the continuation of practical classes within the framework of theological educational institutions.

 

Keywords: system analysis; psychology; St. Petersburg Theological Academy; V. S. Serebrenikov; student Psychological society.

 

For citation: Korzhova E. Yu., Stebenev A. S. Psychological thought of Russia of the late XIX – early XX centuries: student psychological society of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 93–104. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.8

 

Korzhova Elena Yurievna, doctor of psychological sciences, professor, Head of the Department of Human psychology at the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: elenakorjova@gmail.com

ORCID: 0000-0002-1128-1421

Stebenev Alexander Stanislavovich, postgraduate student of the Department of Human psychology at the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: stebenev@inbox.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2938-8032

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Ivanov D. V. Psychological image of the hero in Russian culture: system analysis

  Просмотров: 157

 

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.7

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMAGE OF THE HERO IN RUSSIAN CULTURE:

SYSTEM ANALYSIS

 

D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

The psychological image of the hero, understood as a “struggling man”, has its own expression in Russian culture. Struggle as a phenomenon is unique both for a person and for the society, therefore, the idea of a hero-fighter, presented in the realities of everyday life, has been especially carefully studied for centuries by many thinkers, recorded in various “cultural” texts important for the history of Russian psychology, reflecting the achievements of Russian culture, which is its integral and important part. In the heritage of Russian culture, one can observe the genesis of philosophical and methodological argumentation, evidence of the value of struggle for a person from private, single statements to the “three-dimensional” perception of the meanings and semantics of confrontation, visibly manifested in the archetypes of bravery, dominating over modern heroes-fighters. The struggle determines the general structure of a person’s thoughts and feelings, his behavior, helps to identify the main contours of the system of values and norms that allow him to socialize in a group. A systemic analysis of the creative heritage of Russian thinkers of various eras, their “texts” that have entered Russian culture allows us to note that the morphology of struggling, its meanings, causality, motivation and description of various struggling actions, which served as the content of the model characteristics of the hero — the man fighting, are reflected here.

 

Keywords: system analysis; image; hero; man struggling; struggle; archetypes of bravery; philosophical and methodological argumentation; model characteristics.

 

For citation: Ivanov D. V. Psychological image of the hero in Russian culture: system analysis // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 82–92. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.7

 

Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences. Associate Professor at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2478-1468

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Kotovskaya S. V. Systemic features of emotional burnout in extreme specialists

  Просмотров: 207

 

UDC 159.9.07

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.6

 

SYSTEMIC FEATURES OF EMOTIONAL BURNOUT

IN EXTREME SPECIALISTS

 

S. V. Kotovskaya,

MSUHE, Moscow,

s.marunyak74@mail.ru

 

The article is devoted to a systemic study of the problem of emotional burnout in extreme specialists. The burnout syndrome has a phase structure. Now, the issue of identifying the systemic features of the formation of the exhaustion phase of the burnout syndrome, depending on the length of professional activity, remains poorly studied. The need for a systemic study of indicators of emotional burnout determines the relevance of this work and is the purpose of the study.

To realize the purpose of the study, a survey of 679 extreme specialists was conducted. Among them: doctors of the disaster medicine service, military personnel, dispatchers, pilots, sailors, firefighters, specialists in the disposal of spent nuclear fuel, fishermen of the trawl fleet, participants in hostilities. Respondents were offered: the author’s socio-psychological questionnaire and the method for diagnosing the level of emotional burnout by V. V. Boyko. All the subjects were divided into 7 groups depending on the length of professional activity.

As a result of the conducted research, it was found that during the service and work activities of extreme subjects, there is a permanent tendency to increase cynicism in interpersonal interaction and leveling of established norms, building protective barriers, as well as an increase in psychosomatic and psychovegetative disorders, due to somatization of emotional states. Emotional detachment and overwork among specialists whose activities include an extreme component at the content level is revealed in the first 10 years of professional activity, and the need to build protective barriers in the process of interpersonal interaction is more evident after 10–20 years of professional experience.

 

Keywords: systemic features; emotional burnout; exhaustion phase; professional experience; extreme specialists; emotional deficit; emotional detachment; depersonalization; psychosomatic and psychovegetative disorders.

 

For citation: Kotovskaya S. V. Systemic features of emotional burnout in extreme specialists // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 72–81. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.6

 

Kotovskaya Svetlana Vladimirovna, PhD in Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology at the Moscow State University of Humanities and Economics, Moscow, Russia.

Е-mail: s.marunyak74@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-7832-2702

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Belashina T. V. Systemic features of personality motivation in the context of the manifestation of a dominant mental state

  Просмотров: 146

 

UDC 159.9.07

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.5

 

SYSTEMIC FEATURES OF PERSONALITY MOTIVATION IN THE CONTEXT

OF THE MANIFESTATION OF A DOMINANT MENTAL STATE

 

T. V. Belashina,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

tatyanabelashina@mail.ru

 

The article is devoted to the study of the systemic features of personality motivation. An empirical study, the purpose of which is to identify the relationship between motivation and the dominant mental state, is presented. Motivation diagnostics was carried out using the “Dominant Motivation” technique of V. N. Kolutsky – I. Y. Kulagina and T. Ehlers tests for motivation to success and motivation to avoid failures. To measure the dominant mental state, the method of determining the dominant mental state of L. V. Kulikov was used. The study involved 100 employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the Novosibirsk region. 50 of them are men and 50 of them are women.

Data analysis has shown that EG-1 subjects (male employees) are more characterized by the manifestation of an active life position, which largely depends on the comfort of the situation and the circumstances of performing a particular official task. The subjects of EG-2 (female employees) are distinguished by their desire to achieve personal merits in their professional activities and establish effective relationships in the service team. The EG-3 subjects (employees with less than five years of service experience) are more characterized by a high level of activity, the desire to respond in a timely manner to emerging difficulties, a sense of inner concentration, reserve of strength and energy. EG-4 respondents (employees with more than five years of professional experience) tend not to take any particular risks in order to achieve certain goals, but they may take a conscious risk if this allows them to receive financial remuneration, increase their status or position in the team. The study of the relationship between the parameters of motivation and the dominant mental state showed that male employees, despite a sufficient level of self-confidence and their capabilities, prefer to behave with sufficient restraint and caution, especially in high-risk situations. Female employees tend to demonstrate confidence in their own abilities and capabilities. Also, with an increase in the length of professional activity, the tendency to preserve one’s own emotionally stable attitude, adequacy and effectiveness of mental self-regulation by avoiding those situations that can lead to failures in personal and professional terms, the desire to experience positive states was found.

 

Keywords: system features; motivation; personality; dominant mental state; system analysis.

 

For citation: Belashina T. V. Systemic features of personality motivation in the context of the manifestation of a dominant mental state // Systems psychology and sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 61–71. DOI: 10.25688/2223- 6872.2021.39.3.5

 

Belashina Tatiana Valentinovna, PhD in Psychology, Associate professor of the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: tatyanabelashina@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-4656-0439

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Rumyantseva Z. V. The system of acmeological guidelines in the psychology of music education

  Просмотров: 149

 

UDC 159.923

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.4

 

THE SYSTEM OF ACMEOLOGICAL GUIDELINES

IN THE PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSICAL EDUCATION

 

Z. V. Rumyantseva,

KSU, Kostroma,

rumschmus@mail.ru

 

The article describes the system of acmeological aspects of music education psychology and personal development. The purpose of the study is to determine and systematize the main guidelines for the musical and psychological development of the individual in the mainstream of acmeological science. The achieving of the productivity of music and pedagogical education depends on overcoming a number of external and internal problems under the direct influence of acmeological guidelines in the search for solution of the progressive functioning problems.

The definition of acmeological guidelines contributes to improving the content of music and pedagogical education quality and contributes to the achievement of the highest stage of individual development of the personality. The results of the conducted system-analytical research show that the acmeological guidelines for the professional training of teachers-musicians include: the implementation of intonation and sensory education of the individual; the expansion of the field of psychological knowledge in the direction of understanding the specifics of the musical activity content; the study of the creative development nature of the individual; ensuring the research orientation of a teacher-musician professional activity.

Following acmeological guidelines as target settings, promoting self-development, self-improvement and self-realization of future teachers-musicians is a necessary condition for the systematic formation of their psychological competence in the process of professional activity.

 

Keywords: psychology of music education; acmeological guidelines; system analysis; principles of acmeological development of personality; musical and performing art; artistic and creative self-development of personality; intonation education; sensory education.

 

For citation: Rumyantseva Z. V. The system of acmeological guidelines in the psychology of music education // Systems psychology and sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 52–60. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.4

 

Rumyantseva Zoya Vasilievna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor of Music Department at the Institute of Culture and Arts of Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia.

E-mail: rumschmus@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-4499-206X

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Danilova A. G., Mitina O. V. System analysis of value orientations of Russian culture according to the historical documents

  Просмотров: 191

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.3

 

SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF VALUE ORIENTATIONS OF RUSSIAN CULTURE

ACCORDING TO THE HISTORICAL DOCUMENTS

 

 

A. G. Danilova,

VINITI RAS, Moscow,

a_g_danilova@mail.ru,

O. V. Mitina,

MSU, Moscow,

omitina@inbox.ru

 

The article is devoted to the system analysis of value orientations of Russian culture, represented in the power discourse of the XVI–XX centuries, from the point of view of their dynamics. In foreign studies of value orientations, constructs representing the sub-dimensions of the basic value orientations of culture, identified by G. Hofstede, are theoretically predicted and empirically obtained. The content analysis of historical texts, based on the criteria of behavior and value preferences proposed by Hofstede, consistently shows a factor structure consisting of 16–20 factors. At the moment, it is relevant to study the stability of the structure of the basic dimensions of cultural value orientations and the conditions for their formation.

The article analyzed the structure of value orientations reflected in the texts of the domestic power discourse for the XVI–XX centuries, traced the time dynamics of values by factors. The analysis includes Russian and Soviet historical documents reflecting value orientations of representatives of the Russian government for 1500–2000 years. (chronicles, judicial records and legal documents, official and private correspondence). The content analysis of documents according to the characteristics of behavior patterns and cultural norms proposed by G. Hofstede was carried out. The data of the factor analysis are generalized over time periods of 25 years, graphs of time dynamics are constructed. A categorical structure corresponding to the constructs theoretically predicted in social psychology and reproduced the dimensions previously obtained on the material of historical texts is obtained. The temporal dynamics of value orientations by factors has the character of a complex oscillatory process. The independent temporal dynamics of individual subfactors included in the basic Hofstede factors is revealed.

 

Keywords: historical psychology; system analysis; content analysis; discourse analysis; power discourse; Russian historical texts of the XVI–XX centuries; the structure of the basic values of G. Hofstede; facets of basic dimensions.

 

For citation: Danilova A. G., Mitina O. V. System analysis of value orientations of Russian culture according to the historical documents // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 32–51. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.3

 

Danilova Anna Gennadievna, Editor of the abstract journal “Psychology”, senior researcher at theAll-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: a_g_danilova@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-3548-372X

Mitina Olga Valentinovna, PhD in Psychology, Associate professor. Leading researcher at the Laboratory “Psychology of Communication” at the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: omitina@inbox.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2237-4404

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Perevozkina Yu. M., Petrovskaya T. Yu. Features of the system of early maladaptive schemes of psychologists depending on gender

  Просмотров: 183

 

UDC 159.9.072

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872. 2021.39.3.2

 

FEATURES OF THE SYSTEM OF EARLY MALADAPTIVE SCHEMES

OF PSYCHOLOGISTS DEPENDING ON GENDER

 

Yu. M. Perevozkina,

NGPU, Novosibirsk,

per@bk.ru,

T. Yu. Petrovskaya,

NGPU, Novosibirsk,

element_t@mail.ru

 

The article proves the importance of researching the system of personal qualities of the psychological profession representatives. Attention is focused on the insignificant representation of early maladaptive schemes (RDS) as an important personal predictor of professional development and the lack of empirical studies of the RDS system of psychologists. The early maladaptive schemes as important system-psychological characteristics of representatives of the psychological profession are analyzed. Schemes are considered as a risk factor that reduces the adaptive potential of a specialist in the profession and the effectiveness of his activity, and therefore they are an important unit of analysis in the field of labor psychology.

The empirical study was conducted with 166 students of psychological training areas and specialties, 83 of them are men and 83 women, with the usage of psychodiagnostic tools: the questionnaire “Diagnosis of early maladaptive schemes of J. Yang” (YSQ S3R). The research established the existence of significant differences between the RDS system of male and female psychologists. The severity of the schemes in both groups of respondents has a common core, consisting of self-sacrifice, inflated standards, grandiosity and abandonment; and there are differences: for men, the expectation of use, for women — punitivity. The idea of the schemes characteristic of this professional group representatives will make it possible to contribute to the development of more comprehensive programs of career guidance, training of future psychologists, support of their work activities, as well as measures for the prevention and correction of professional disorders.

 

Keywords: system of early maladaptive schemes; professionally important qualities; professionally negative qualities; beliefs; professional activity; profession; psychologist; individual psychological characteristics.

 

For citation: Perevozkina Yu. M., Petrovskaya T. Yu. Features of the system of early maladaptive schemes of psychologists depending on gender // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 21–31. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.2

 

Perevozkina Yulia Mikhailovna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Practical and Special Psychology of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: per@bk.ru

ORCID: 0000-0003-4201-3988

Petrovskaya Tatyana Yuryevna, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Social Psychology and Victimology of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: element_t@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-6243-9487

 


     Read more...
 

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Romanova E. S., Ryzhov B. N., Kotova O. V. Gender and age features of self-assessment of sociocentric types of motivation

  Просмотров: 218

 

UDC 159.9.07

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.1

 

GENDER AND AGE FEATURES OF SELF-ASSESSMENT

OF SOCIOCENTRIC TYPES OF MOTIVATION

 

E. S. Romanova,

MCU, Moscow,

RomanovaES@mgpu.ru

B. N. Rizhov,

MCU, Moscow,

RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru,

O. V. Kotova,

MCU, Moscow,

KotovaOV@mgpu.ru

 

The article is devoted to the comparative analysis of the indices of four sociocentric types of motivation: self-realization, morality, reproduction and altruism, obtained by the results of the motivation system profile test (SPM) and self-assessment of these types of motivation in the youth sample. In this paper, the term “I-real” is used to denote the motivation indices obtained using the methodology for assessing the motivational profile of a person (SPM). To denote these indices obtained using the methodology of self-assessment of the motivational profile of the individual, the term “I-ideal” is used. The purpose of the work is to study the gender and age characteristics of the dynamics of the I-ideal sociocentric motivations in the era of adolescence and youth.

The materials presented in the article are the continuation of the systemic study of the gender and age characteristics of the motivational and value sphere of personality2 . The survey was conducted in the period 2020–2021. The total number of subjects was 252 people of both sexes aged 17 to 36 years.

As a result of the study, significant differences in the ratio of the I-real and the I-ideal in male and female samples were revealed. In the female sample, throughout the studied period, the self-esteem of the indices of motivation for self-realization and morality significantly exceeds the corresponding indices of the I-real. At the same time, the self-esteem of the indices of reproductive and altruistic motivation both in adolescence and youth is significantly lower than these indices of the I-real.

In contrast, in the male sample, the self-esteem of most indices of sociocentric types of motivation has no significant differences with the indices of the I-real. The exception is the indicators of moral motivation in adolescence (17–24 years) and late youth (30–36 years). In these age ranges, the indices of the motivation of the I-ideal morality in men significantly exceed the corresponding indices of the I-real.

In general, the data obtained indicate a higher social pressure to which women’s self-assessment of motivation in comparison with men’s is subjected in adolescence and youth.

 

Keywords: system psychology; self-esteem; I-ideal; I-real; sociocentric types of motivation; gender and age characteristics; self-realization; morality; reproduction; altruism.

 

For citation: Romanova E. S., Ryzhov B. N., Kotova O. V. Gender and age features of self-assessment of sociocentric types of motivation // Systems psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 5–20. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872. 2021.39.3.1

 

Romanova Evgeniya Sergeevna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor. Head of the Department of general and practical psychology, Head of the Laboratory of Social-and-Psychological Researches in Education at the Institute of Special Education and Psychology of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RomanovaES@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-9032-6869

Ryzhov Boris Nikolayevich, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor of the Department of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Special Education and Psychology of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-8848-3622

Kotova Olga Viktorovna, Expert in the Laboratory of Social-and-Psychological Researches in Education at the Institute of Special Education and Psychology of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: KotovaOV@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-4399-4274

 


     Read more...