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Kotovskaya S. V. Systemic features of emotional burnout in extreme specialists

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Kotovskaya S. V. Systemic features of emotional burnout in extreme specialists
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UDC 159.9.07

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.6

 

SYSTEMIC FEATURES OF EMOTIONAL BURNOUT

IN EXTREME SPECIALISTS

 

S. V. Kotovskaya,

MSUHE, Moscow,

s.marunyak74@mail.ru

 

The article is devoted to a systemic study of the problem of emotional burnout in extreme specialists. The burnout syndrome has a phase structure. Now, the issue of identifying the systemic features of the formation of the exhaustion phase of the burnout syndrome, depending on the length of professional activity, remains poorly studied. The need for a systemic study of indicators of emotional burnout determines the relevance of this work and is the purpose of the study.

To realize the purpose of the study, a survey of 679 extreme specialists was conducted. Among them: doctors of the disaster medicine service, military personnel, dispatchers, pilots, sailors, firefighters, specialists in the disposal of spent nuclear fuel, fishermen of the trawl fleet, participants in hostilities. Respondents were offered: the author’s socio-psychological questionnaire and the method for diagnosing the level of emotional burnout by V. V. Boyko. All the subjects were divided into 7 groups depending on the length of professional activity.

As a result of the conducted research, it was found that during the service and work activities of extreme subjects, there is a permanent tendency to increase cynicism in interpersonal interaction and leveling of established norms, building protective barriers, as well as an increase in psychosomatic and psychovegetative disorders, due to somatization of emotional states. Emotional detachment and overwork among specialists whose activities include an extreme component at the content level is revealed in the first 10 years of professional activity, and the need to build protective barriers in the process of interpersonal interaction is more evident after 10–20 years of professional experience.

 

Keywords: systemic features; emotional burnout; exhaustion phase; professional experience; extreme specialists; emotional deficit; emotional detachment; depersonalization; psychosomatic and psychovegetative disorders.

 

For citation: Kotovskaya S. V. Systemic features of emotional burnout in extreme specialists // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 72–81. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.6

 

Kotovskaya Svetlana Vladimirovna, PhD in Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology at the Moscow State University of Humanities and Economics, Moscow, Russia.

Е-mail: s.marunyak74@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-7832-2702

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