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Korzhova E. Yu., Stebenev A. S. Psychological thought of Russia of the late XIX – early XX centuries: student psychological society of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 39 : Korzhova E. Yu., Stebenev A. S. Psychological thought of Russia of the late XIX – early XX centuries: student psychological society of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy
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UDC 159.9

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872. 2021.39.3.8

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT OF RUSSIA

OF THE LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES:

STUDENT PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY

OF THE ST. PETERSBURG THEOLOGICAL ACADEMY

 

E. Yu. Korzhova,

Herzen University, St. Petersburg,

elenakorjova@gmail.com,

A. S. Stebenev,

Herzen University, St. Petersburg,

stebenev@inbox.ru.ru

 

The article is devoted to the study of the formation of history of Russian psychology in the context of the widespread penetration of European scientific concepts into the spiritual life of Russian society. The development of psychological thought in Russia is an attempt to use new methods in order to return to the main problem – learning of the human soul. At the same time, a systemic analysis of the formation of psychological thought in theological institutions can contribute to a holistic understanding of the history of psychological knowledge development in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The article examines such insufficiently known facts of the history of Russian psychology as its formation and teaching within the walls of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy. It was here that for the first time among the theological educational institutions in the Russian Empire, a separate department was formed, and teachers began to use practical classes in psychology as a necessary stage of studying the subject. The logical continuation of this process was the organization of the Student Psychological Society in 1900. The role of the student initiative in the creation of the society, headed by Professor V. S. Serebrenikov, was noted. The rules of the organization of the society, some features of writing and discussion of reports are briefly described. The topics of abstracts and reports were devoted to the study of subjects developed within the framework of various psychological trends of that time. Some topics of the reports that were discussed at the meetings of the society in different years of its work are given. During the period of its existence, the society has collected a library of psychological and philosophical literature, which allowed its members to be aware of modern achievements in psychology, to make presentations at the meetings. Some of the society reports have been published in periodicals. The reasons for the closure of the student psychological society in 1906 are described. In conclusion, the positive results of the society’s activities and the continuation of practical classes within the framework of theological educational institutions.

 

Keywords: system analysis; psychology; St. Petersburg Theological Academy; V. S. Serebrenikov; student Psychological society.

 

For citation: Korzhova E. Yu., Stebenev A. S. Psychological thought of Russia of the late XIX – early XX centuries: student psychological society of the St. Petersburg Theological Academy // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 3 (39). P. 93–104. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.39.3.8

 

Korzhova Elena Yurievna, doctor of psychological sciences, professor, Head of the Department of Human psychology at the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: elenakorjova@gmail.com

ORCID: 0000-0002-1128-1421

Stebenev Alexander Stanislavovich, postgraduate student of the Department of Human psychology at the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia.

E-mail: stebenev@inbox.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2938-8032

 

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