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Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas in the psychological thought of Russia at the beginning of the XIX century: P. D. Lodiy

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 38 : Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas in the psychological thought of Russia at the beginning of the XIX century: P. D. Lodiy
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UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.10

 

SYSTEMIC IDEAS IN THE PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHT OF RUSSIA

AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XIX CENTURY:

P. D. LODIY

 

D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

 The article examines the systemic ideas of one of the major figures of the Russian enlightenment — P. D. Lodiya, which allow us to speak about his contribution to the development of Russian psychological thought at the beginning of the XIX century, to the formation of a professional scientific thesaurus, a system of psychological concepts in Russia. There are three major stages in the life of this educator. The first, which lasted from 1779 to 1803, included “apprenticeship and the foreign stage of teaching activity”. The second from 1803 to 1819 became a period of “flourishing and scientific rise”, the demand for socio-pedagogical experience of teaching and leadership, a systemic presentation of psychological views. The third stage in life from 1819 to 1829 — is the gradual completion of the creative path against the background of a changing ideological reaction in Russia, the sunset of the ideas themselves, going away with their bearer.

Lodiy’s psychological ideas and views allow us to note his commitment to the psychological principle of improvement, development of the human nature and society. Lodiy considered the nature of man without mythologizing his psychology. The enlightener’s views on the psychic reality of human existence are systematized. He believed that the external world is sensually perceived by man, regardless of “spiritual forces”. In the ideas of the thinker special attention is paid to the issues of individual features and differences identified in people. He notes natural capabilities of a person and the ways of education and interaction with him as conditions for development and improvement. He draws attention to the relationship between a person and the socio-historical environment that acts as a conductor of education. Lodiy’s “struggling man” is a historically and socially conditioned hypostasis of an individual who is ready for active social actions, overcoming and eliminating various obstacles standing in the way of perfection.

The article uses historical and psychological reconstruction, bibliographic technique, psychological interpretation of the ideas and views of the thinker of the Russian Enlightenment, contained in a number of authentic sources at the time of their writing.

 

Keywords: P. D. Lodiy; systemic ideas; nature; feeling; understanding; temperament; education; instruction; semiotics of the mind; gymnastics of the mind; a struggling person.

 

For citation: Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas in the psychological thought of Russia at the beginning of the XIX century: P. D. Lodiy // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 2 (38). P. 110–126. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.10

 

Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences. Associate Professor at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2478-1468

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