Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality

Preuss F., Perevozkina Yu. M. Interconnection and types of social relations of role socialization system formation: metasystem approach

Ryzhov B. N. The actual-self, ideal-self and hidden-self (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)

Ryzhov B. N., Tarasova А. А. Emotional Perception of Architectural Objects of 1920–1930s by Moscow Students (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)

Kondratyev V. M. The Problem of Balance between Morality and Law in Human Education (with a Translation into English)

Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (translated into English by L. A. Mashkova)

Aleksander T. A Review about Old Age and Disability (translated into English by A. Diniejko and into Russian by О. Leszczak)

A. A. Zych Silver University as an alternative for the polish solutions

B. N. Ryzhov THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance

Yu. M. Perevozkina, V. G. Fedosov, F. Prusse Functional organization of impasa-role socialization of youth: metasystemic approach

T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society

G. Gross, J. S. Frolova From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy

Simons G. Tangible threats through intangible means: aspects of BRICS information and communication security

Ryzhov B. N., Mashkova L. A., Stolyarova G. I. Dynamics of motivational indicators in high school

B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology



Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas in the psychological thought of Russia at the beginning of the XIX century: P. D. Lodiy

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 38 : Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas in the psychological thought of Russia at the beginning of the XIX century: P. D. Lodiy
    Views: 318

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.10






D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,



 The article examines the systemic ideas of one of the major figures of the Russian enlightenment — P. D. Lodiya, which allow us to speak about his contribution to the development of Russian psychological thought at the beginning of the XIX century, to the formation of a professional scientific thesaurus, a system of psychological concepts in Russia. There are three major stages in the life of this educator. The first, which lasted from 1779 to 1803, included “apprenticeship and the foreign stage of teaching activity”. The second from 1803 to 1819 became a period of “flourishing and scientific rise”, the demand for socio-pedagogical experience of teaching and leadership, a systemic presentation of psychological views. The third stage in life from 1819 to 1829 — is the gradual completion of the creative path against the background of a changing ideological reaction in Russia, the sunset of the ideas themselves, going away with their bearer.

Lodiy’s psychological ideas and views allow us to note his commitment to the psychological principle of improvement, development of the human nature and society. Lodiy considered the nature of man without mythologizing his psychology. The enlightener’s views on the psychic reality of human existence are systematized. He believed that the external world is sensually perceived by man, regardless of “spiritual forces”. In the ideas of the thinker special attention is paid to the issues of individual features and differences identified in people. He notes natural capabilities of a person and the ways of education and interaction with him as conditions for development and improvement. He draws attention to the relationship between a person and the socio-historical environment that acts as a conductor of education. Lodiy’s “struggling man” is a historically and socially conditioned hypostasis of an individual who is ready for active social actions, overcoming and eliminating various obstacles standing in the way of perfection.

The article uses historical and psychological reconstruction, bibliographic technique, psychological interpretation of the ideas and views of the thinker of the Russian Enlightenment, contained in a number of authentic sources at the time of their writing.


Keywords: P. D. Lodiy; systemic ideas; nature; feeling; understanding; temperament; education; instruction; semiotics of the mind; gymnastics of the mind; a struggling person.


For citation: Ivanov D. V. Systemic ideas in the psychological thought of Russia at the beginning of the XIX century: P. D. Lodiy // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 2 (38). P. 110–126. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.10


Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences. Associate Professor at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2478-1468



1. Anan`ev B. G. Ocherki istorii russkoj psixologii XVIII i XIX vekov: monografiya [Essays on the history of Russian psychology of the 18th and 19th centuries: monograph]. M.: OGIZ, 1947. 168 p.

2. Artem`eva T. V. Istoriya metafiziki v Rossii XVIII veka: monografiya [The history of metaphysics in Russia of the XVIII century: monograph]. SPb.: Aletejya, 1996. 320 p.

3. Vsemirnaya istoriya: v 10 t. T. 5. [World History: in 10. Vol. 5] / otv. red. Ya. Ya. Zutis. M.: Izd-vo social`no-e`konomicheskoj lititeratury`, 1958. 782 p.

4. Vsemirnaya istoriya: v 10 t. T. 6. [World History: in 10. Vol. 6] / otv. red. N. A. Smirnova. M.: Izd-vo social`no-e`konomicheskoj lititeratury`, 1959. 830 p.

5. Grech N. I. Zapiski o moej zhizni [Notes on my life]. SPb.: Izd. A.S. Suvorina, 1886. 504, XLVII, 26 p.

6. Dessuar M. Ocherk istorii psixologii: monografiya [Essay on the History of Psychology: monograph]. M.: AST; Minsk: Xarvest, 2002. 256 p.

7. «Dlya blaga obshhego»: Aleksandr Petrovich Kunicyn (1783–1840) — prosvetitel`, pravoved, gosudarstvenny`j deyatel`: sb. [“For the good of the whole”: Alexander Petrovich Kunitsyn (1783–1840) — enlightener, jurist, statesman: collection] / sost. S. A. Ershov, A. V. Bol`shakova; nauch. red. T. N. Zhukovskaya. SPb.: DMITRIJ BULAVIN, 2018. 496 p.

8. Zverev V. M. Petr Dmitrievich Lodij (K istorii ego zhizni i xarakteristike mirovozzreniya) [Pyotr Dmitrievich Lodiy (To the history of his life and the characterization of his worldview)] // Byulleten` studencheskogo nauchnogo obshhestva Leningr. un-ta [Bulletin of the Student Scientific Society Leningr. university]. № 2. 1959. P. 28-41.

9. Zverev V. M. Gnoseologicheskie vzglyady` P. D. Lodiya [Gnoseological views of P. D. Lodia] // Vestnik Leningr. un-ta. Ser. e`konomiki, filosofii i prava [Bulletin Leningr. un-ta. Ser. economics, philosophy and law]. 1964. № 17 (3). P. 97-107.

10. Zverev V. M. Petr Lodij v istorii russkoj logiko-filosofskoj my`sli: dis. … kand. filosof. nauk [Peter Lodiy in the history of Russian logical and philosophical thought: dis.... edging. philosopher. sciences]. L., 1964. 314 p.

11. Ivanov D. V. Estestvennoe pravo kak osnova professional`nogo obrazovaniya i stanovleniya cheloveka [Natural law as the basis of professional education and human formation] // Professional`noe obrazovanie v sovremennom mire [Professional education in the modern world]. 2014. № 1 (12). P.27-32.

12. Iz istorii russkoj psixologii: sb. [From the history of Russian psychology: collection] / pod red. M. V. Sokolova. M.: Izd-vo APN RSFSR, 1961. 440 p.

13. Kamenskij Z. A. Filosofskie idei russkogo Prosveshheniya (pervaya chetvert` XIX veka): avtoref. dis. … d-ra filos. nauk [Philosophical ideas of the Russian Enlightenment (the first quarter of the XIX century): autoref. dis. ... Doctor of Philosophy sciences]. M.: MGPI im. V. I. Lenina, 1965. 35 p.

14. Kamenskij Z. A. Filosofskie idei russkogo Prosveshheniya (deistichesko-materialisticheskaya shkola): monografiya [Philosophical ideas of the Russian Enlightenment (deistic-materialistic school): monograph]. M.: My`sl`, 1971. 398 p.

15. Kamenskij Z. A. A. I. Galich: monografiya [A. I. Galich: monograph]. M. IF RAN, 1995. 229 p.

16. Kondakov I. M. Psixologiya v zerkale pushkinskoj sud`by`: monografiya [Psychology in the mirror of Pushkin’s fate: monograph]. M.: E`KO, 2000. 224 p.

17. Kostyuk G. S. Izbranny`e psixologicheskie trudy`: sb. [Selected psychological works: collection] / pod red. L. N. Prokolienko. M.: Pedagogika, 1988. 304 p.

18. Lodij P. D. Logicheskiya nastavleniya rukovodstvuyushhiya k poznaniyu i razlicheniyu istinnago ot lozhnogo: V pol`zu studentov Sanktpeterburgskago pedagogicheskogo instituta [The logical instruction is guided by knowing and distinguishing the truth from the false: In favor of students of the St. Petersburg Pedagogical Institute]. Sankt-Peterburg: V tip. Ios. Ioanenesova, 1815. 486 p.

19. Lodij P. D. Teoriya obshhix prav, soderzhashhaya v sebe filosofskoe uchenie o estestvennom vseobshhem gosudarstvennom prave [The theory of common rights, which contains the philosophical doctrine of the natural universal state law]. Sankt-Peterburg: Tip. Dep. vnesh. torg., 1828. 472 p.

20. Nikol`skaya A. A. Vozrastnaya i pedagogicheskaya psixologiya v dorevolyucionnoj Rossii: monografiya [Age and pedagogical psychology in pre-revolutionary Russia: monograph]. Dubna: Feniks, 1995. 336 p.

21. Minakov A. Yu. Russkij konservatizm v pervoj chetverti XIX veka: monografiya [Russian conservatism in the first quarter of the XIX century: monograph]. Voronezh: VGU, 2011. 560 p

22. Ry`bnikov N. A. Psixologiya kak predmet prepodavaniya (v vy`sshej dorevolyucionnoj shkole) [Psychology as a subject of teaching (in the higher pre-revolutionary school)] // Sovetskaya pedagogika [Soviet pedagogy]. 1943. № 4. P. 42-49.

23. Ry`zhov B. N. Sistemnaya psixologiya: monografiya [Systems psychology: monograph]. 2-e izd. M.: T8 Izdatel`skie Texnologii, 2017. 356 p.

24. Ry`zhov B. N. Istoriya psixologicheskoj my`sli. Puti i zakonomernosti [History of psychological thought. Paths and patterns]. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. M.: FLINTA, 2021. 352 p.

25. Shpet G. G. Ocherk razvitiya russkoj filosofii. I [Essay on the development of Russian philosophy]. M.: ROSSPE`N, 2008. 592 p.

26. Shul`ce G. E`. Psixicheskaya antropologiya, ili Opy`tnoe uchenie o zhizni cheloveka po ego duxovnoj storone: v 2 t. T. 1. [Psychological anthropology, or the experimental teaching about human life on its spiritual side: in 2 vols. Vol. 1]. SPb.: Tip. I. Glazunova, 1834. 330 p.

27. Shul`ce G. E`. Psixicheskaya antropologiya, ili Opy`tnoe uchenie o zhizni cheloveka po ego duxovnoj storone: v 2 t. T. 2. [Psychological anthropology, or the experimental teaching about human life on its spiritual side: in 2 vols. Vol. 2]. SPb.: Tip. I. Glazunova, 1835. 580 p.