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Sheinov V. P., Devitsyn A. S. The development of a reliable and valid social media dependence questionnaire

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 38 : Sheinov V. P., Devitsyn A. S. The development of a reliable and valid social media dependence questionnaire
    Views: 361

 

UDC 159.9.07

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.04

 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A RELIABLE AND VALID SOCIAL MEDIA

DEPENDENCE QUESTIONNAIRE

 

V. P. Sheinov,

NIHE, Minsk,

Republic of Belarus,

sheinov1@mail.ru,

A. S. Devitsyn,

BSU, Minsk,

Republic of Belarus,

a.dziavitsyn@gmail.com

 

The article touches upon the question of the need to create a reliable and valid questionnaire aimed at identifying dependence on social networks. Nowadays many people prefer online communication to traditional forms of interaction. The use of social media is growing rapidly and has already reached over a third of the world’s population. Social media addiction has become one of the most widespread non-medical addictions. At the same time, in the context of the coronavirus pandemic, people began to spend more time on social networks, which now even more influence on the lifestyle and psychology of people, study and work. All this made it very relevant to system research this phenomenon and its influence on all aspects of modern life.

Numerous experimental results on the dependence on social networks and its relationship with the states and personal qualities of their overactive users have been obtained in a large number of foreign studies (carried out in the USA, Germany, Great Britain, China, the Republic of Korea, Israel, Turkey, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, etc.) using questionnaires that diagnose this addiction. The lack of such a tool among Russian-speaking researchers is a serious factor hindering the conduct of similar research in the Russian society. Therefore, the purpose of this work is to develop a questionnaire for dependence on social networks. The article shows that the developed questionnaire is reliable and valid.

It meets the standard reliability questionnaire requirements, and the key criteria for validity. The proposed questionnaire is standardized: the norms for women and men, which allow us to express the difference between the individual result and the average in units of standard deviation are given. The initial data for the study were obtained by an online survey conducted using an automated system developed by the authors for processing tests and promptly communicating their results to the subjects in an anonymous mode.

The social media addiction diagnosed by the questionnaire is positively correlated with anxiety, depression, loneliness, extraversion, female sex, and negatively correlated with self-esteem, life satisfaction and age. The dependence on social networks among women is highly statistically significantly higher than that of men. A factorial model of dependence on social networks has been built, including 3 factors: «Psychological state», «Communication», «Information».

 

Keywords: social networks; addiction; system research; questionnaire; reliability; validity; connections; personal qualities and conditions; men; women.

 

For citation: Sheinov V. P., Devitsyn A. S. The development of a reliable and valid social media dependence questionnaire // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 2 (38). P. 41–55. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.04

 

Sheinov Viktor Pavlovich, Doctor of Sociological Sciences, PhD in Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor. Professor at the Department of Psychology and Pedagogical Mastery of the Republican Institute of Higher Education, Minsk, The Republic of Belarus.

E-mail: sheinov1@mail.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-2191-646X

Devitsyn Anton Sergeevich, Senior Lecturer, Department of Web Technologies and Computer Modeling, Belarusian State University, Minsk, The Republic of Belarus.

Email: a.dziavitsyn@gmail.com

ORCID: 0000-0002-2804-4107

 

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