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Ryzhov B. N., Kotova O. V. Dynamics of sex and age characteristics of motivation in the epoch of adolescence and youth

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 38 : Ryzhov B. N., Kotova O. V. Dynamics of sex and age characteristics of motivation in the epoch of adolescence and youth
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UDC 159.9.07

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.03





B. N. Rizhov,

MCU, Moscow,


O. V. Kotova,

MCU, Moscow,



The article is devoted to the system-psychological analysis of the dynamics of sex and age characteristics of motivation in the epoch of adolescence and youth. The motivational structure is a relatively stable system, but different age periods are characterized by the predominance of certain types of motivation. At the same time, the dominance of certain tendencies in the motivational profile of an individual has a socio-cultural and sex-and-age conditionality.

The study of the dynamics of sex and age characteristics of motivation structure in the epoch of adolescence and youth was conducted from October 2019 to March 2021 in the Moscow region using the test of the system profile of motivation. The total number of subjects was 385 people aged 17 to 36 years, of which 137 people were men, 248 people were women.

In the course of the conducted research, a number of features of motivational dynamics were identified. In particular, in the general sample, the indices of cognitive motivation reach their peak values in the adolescence epoch (17–24 years), and the indices of reproductive motivation reach their peak in the youth epoch (25–36 years). However, in the youth epoch, in the male sample a statistically significant excess of self-realization motivation indices was revealed. At the same time, in the same period in the female sample a statistically significant excess of self-preservation motivation indices was found. The empirical data obtained generally confirm the results of the population study 2006–2011, permitting at the same time to clarify a number of sex and age features in the development of motivational trends.


Keywords: system psychology; motivation; sex and age characteristics; system periodization of development; system-psychological analysis; the epoch of adolescence; the epoch of youth.


For citation: Ryzhov B. N., Kotova O. V. Dynamics of sex and age characteristics of motivation in the epoch of adolescence and youth // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2021. № 2 (38). P. 23–40. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2021.38.2.03


Ryzhov Boris Nikolayevich, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor of the Department of General and Practical Psychology at the Institute of Special Education and Psychology of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: RyzhovBN@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0001-8848-3622

Kotova Olga Viktorovna, Expert in the Laboratory of Social-and-Psychological Researches in Education at the Institute of Special Education and Psychology of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

E-mail: KotovaOV@mgpu.ru

ORCID: 0000-0002-4399-4274





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