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UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.34.2.09




D. V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,



Psychological thought in Russia in its formation and development has always relied on problem-semantic orientations of the millennial national traditions of human's existence, his nature and basic characteristics. The psychological interpretation of such characteristics in various texts and literature has become decisive for the crystallization of the «struggle» concept, contributing to a deep systematic consideration of human problems (his character, soul, spirit, etc.), its significance for society in general. This understanding serves both to consolidate the protection of person's culture identity and to reinforce his commitment to high moral ideals for many centuries. The idea of struggle, as a mechanism for socialization, upbringing and moral improve­ment of a person, has taken a prominent role in psychological thought in Russia. Psychologists' statements of the late XIX - early XX centuries contain a system understanding of human as a «subject of special research) in his «creative spiritual power», stressing that human has a historical connection with the «Demiurge» — as the first fighter and creator of culture. In the system concepts of Russian psychologists human is interpreted as a «whole», «organic», and «social» being; he goes through the development path as a «bodily» and «spiritual» organism, realizing his «cultural-creative», «struggling-creative» strength. Man is an «individual personality», striving for self-improvement, since he is infinite in a way of his «spirituality and human kind». With this in view, taking into account some concepts of Russian researchers, human is represented as a fighter (a man who is struggling), and his struggle is precisely the force that creates the material, social and spiritual worlds, and all this together allows him to achieve the goals of self-improvement.


Keywords: system; system approach; demiurge; man struggling; personality; individuality; socialization; culture; psychological thought.

For citation: Ivanov D. V. System concepts of man struggling in Russian psychological thought in the late XIX - early XX centuries // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 2 (34). P. 108-118.

DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.34.2.09


Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogical Sciences, Assosiate Professor at the Department of Gene­ral Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru; ORCID: https:// orcid.org/0000-0002-2478-1468




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