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UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.03




L. E. Semenova,

PRMU, Nizhny Novgorod,

V. E. Semenova,

NIED, Nizhny Novgorod,



This article discusses the problem of the place and role of information computer technologies in the life and de­velopment of a child of preschool age. The existing opinions of modern domestic and foreign experts on this subject are considered. At the same time, from the standpoint of the approach of Ulyana Vasilyevna Ulyenkova, special attention is paid to the influence of active use of electronic gadgets by older preschoolers in terms of their preparation for school and, in particular, becoming subjects of educational activity of the preschool type, which implies the child's mastery of all its components — motivational, approximate-operational and regulatory-evaluation.

An empirical study was conducted to study the features of the General ability to learn 6-7 year old child­ren — active users of electronic gadgets, which included two stages. At the first stage, according to the results of a survey of parents and grandparents, the degree of activity of the use of electronic gadgets by preschoolers was determined. At the second stage, a comparative analysis of the features of the general ability to learn 6-7 year old children with different degrees of activity using electronic devices (active users of electronic gadgets and rarely use electronic gadgets) was carried out.

The fact of a significant predominance of children aged 6-7 years who actively use various electronic gadgets, who play them or view video and photo materials on average about 2.5 hours a day is stated. According to the results of this analysis, it was found that preschool children who use electronic gadgets rarely and in a very dosed time mode (no more than 20-30 minutes a day) have a higher ability to learn, while many children who actively use gadgets demonstrate the level of formation of the general ability to learn, characteristic, according to the results of research by U. V. Ulyenkova of the late twentieth century, mainly for 6-7 year old children with mental retardation. There are also data indicating much lower rates of visual memory development of older preschoolers-active users of electronic gadgets.

It is concluded that children 6-7 years old who regularly use different electronic gadgets outside the context of interaction with adults, are at risk in terms of psychological readiness for school, because many of them have difficulties in mastering all components of educational activities. Based on the obtained empirical data the question of the need to find optimal ways to introduce modern preschoolers to computer technologies and a reasonable ratio in their lives of traditional types of children's activities and activities with electronic gadgets is raised.


Keywords: electronic gadgets; preschoolers; general ability to learn; educational activities of preschool type.

For citation: Semenova L. E., Semenova V E. Features of the General Learning Ability in 6-7 Year Old Children as Active Users of Electronic Gadgets // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 1 (33). P. 38-50. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.03


Semenova Lidia Eduardovna, Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor at the Depart­ment of General and Clinical Psychology of Privolzhsky Research Medical University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. E-mail: verunechka08@list.ru


Semenova Vera Eduardovna, PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Associate Professor at the Department of Theory and Methodology of Preschool Education of the Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Education Develop­ment, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia.

E-mail: verunechka08@list.ru



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