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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 33 : D.V. Ivanov, PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEAS IN THE WORKS OF V. G. BELINSKY AND N. I. PIROGOV
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UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.10




D.V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,



The article considers the views and ideas focused in the theories of development and education of V. G. Be-linsky and N. I. Pirogov, which are significant for the national history of psychological thought of the XIX centu­ry. The names of these thinkers and their theories were included in the Golden Fund of Russian age (children's) psychology, pedagogical psychology, and personality psychology.

However, they shared the problems of spiritual and moral psychology of the emerging and developing per­son. According to these thinkers, the fundamental phenomenon in describing a person, his essence, and the rich­ness of his inner world (psyche) was the struggle, which allowed them to represent the image of a struggling person of the modern era. The reasons for the struggle were defined as personally valuable, socially useful, and army-military. Psychological theories of outstanding Russian thinkers, their constituent principles, deve­loped on the basis of long-term observations, life experience and conclusions, allowed to describe the nature of the phenomenon of struggle in everyday life, to identify a number of laws associated with it. More important was the fact that psychological theories of development and education made it possible to anticipate the result of the influence on a person, to construct an ideal significant for the society. The presented theories remain va­luable in modern psychology. They contain psychological mechanisms and ideal models suitable for identifying those attributes of a person allowing it to become successful and valuable in the society.


Keywords: the psychology of the heart; struggling person; struggle; causes of struggle; psychological mechanisms; reflection; poetry; friendship; love; inspiration; empathy; metavolya.

For citation: Ivanov D. V Psychological Ideas in the Works of V G. Belinsky and N. I. Pirogov // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 1 (33). P. 120-134. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.10


Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogics. Docent at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia. E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru



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