Digest

Ryzhov B. N. The system of motivational oppositions as the basis of psychological individuality


Preuss F., Perevozkina Yu. M. Interconnection and types of social relations of role socialization system formation: metasystem approach


Ryzhov B. N. The actual-self, ideal-self and hidden-self (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Ryzhov B. N., Tarasova А. А. Emotional Perception of Architectural Objects of 1920–1930s by Moscow Students (with Translation into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Kondratyev V. M. The Problem of Balance between Morality and Law in Human Education (with a Translation into English)


Ryzhov B. N. Psychological Age of Civilization (translated into English by L. A. Mashkova)


Aleksander T. A Review about Old Age and Disability (translated into English by A. Diniejko and into Russian by О. Leszczak)



A. A. Zych Silver University as an alternative for the polish solutions


B. N. Ryzhov THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AGE OF CIVILIZATION: the XV century, the North Renaissance


Yu. M. Perevozkina, V. G. Fedosov, F. Prusse Functional organization of impasa-role socialization of youth: metasystemic approach


T. Macho, I. V. Lebedeva, M. M. Bicharova. Migration in Europe as systemic phenomenon of the contemporary society


G. Gross, J. S. Frolova From London to Moscow coronations: perceptions of monarchy


Simons G. Tangible threats through intangible means: aspects of BRICS information and communication security


Ryzhov B. N., Mashkova L. A., Stolyarova G. I. Dynamics of motivational indicators in high school

B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology
Partners

WWW.SYSTEMPSYCHOLOGY.RU

 

D.V. Ivanov, PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEAS IN THE WORKS OF V. G. BELINSKY AND N. I. PIROGOV

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 33 : D.V. Ivanov, PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEAS IN THE WORKS OF V. G. BELINSKY AND N. I. PIROGOV
    Views: 411

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.10

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL IDEAS IN THE WORKS OF V. G. BELINSKY AND N. I. PIROGOV

 

D.V. Ivanov,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,

ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

The article considers the views and ideas focused in the theories of development and education of V. G. Be-linsky and N. I. Pirogov, which are significant for the national history of psychological thought of the XIX centu­ry. The names of these thinkers and their theories were included in the Golden Fund of Russian age (children's) psychology, pedagogical psychology, and personality psychology.

However, they shared the problems of spiritual and moral psychology of the emerging and developing per­son. According to these thinkers, the fundamental phenomenon in describing a person, his essence, and the rich­ness of his inner world (psyche) was the struggle, which allowed them to represent the image of a struggling person of the modern era. The reasons for the struggle were defined as personally valuable, socially useful, and army-military. Psychological theories of outstanding Russian thinkers, their constituent principles, deve­loped on the basis of long-term observations, life experience and conclusions, allowed to describe the nature of the phenomenon of struggle in everyday life, to identify a number of laws associated with it. More important was the fact that psychological theories of development and education made it possible to anticipate the result of the influence on a person, to construct an ideal significant for the society. The presented theories remain va­luable in modern psychology. They contain psychological mechanisms and ideal models suitable for identifying those attributes of a person allowing it to become successful and valuable in the society.

 

Keywords: the psychology of the heart; struggling person; struggle; causes of struggle; psychological mechanisms; reflection; poetry; friendship; love; inspiration; empathy; metavolya.

For citation: Ivanov D. V Psychological Ideas in the Works of V G. Belinsky and N. I. Pirogov // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 1 (33). P. 120-134. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.10

 

Ivanov Denis Vasilievich, PhD in Pedagogics. Docent at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology of the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia. E-mail: ivanovdirkutsk@yandex.ru

 

References

1. Ananyev B. G. Ocherki istorii russkoj psixologii XVIII i XIX vekov: monografiya [Essays on the history of Russian psychology of the 18th and 19th centuries: monograph]. M.: OGIZ, 1947.168 p.2. Barmin S. V. Psixologo-pedagogicheskoe nasledie N. I. Pirogova i sovremennost': avtoref. dis. ... kand. psixol. nauk [Psychological and pedagogical heritage of N. I. Pirogov and the present: abstract. dis. ... cand. psychol. sciences]. Tver, 1998. 24 p.

3. Belinsky V. G. Sochineniya [Compositions]. Part 1. M.: Printing house of A. I. Mamontov and Co., 1881. 532 p.

4. Belinsky V. G. Sochineniya [Compositions]. 5th ed. Part 3. M.: Russian typographic lithography, 1884.

636 p.

5. Belinsky V. G. O vospitanii umstvennom i nravstvennom [On the education of mental and moral] / comp. A. N. Salnikov. SPb.: Publishing house by V I. Gubinsky, 1898. 160 p.

6. Belinsky V. G. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij: v 13 t. [Complete works: in 13 vol.] / ed. by N. F. Belchi-kov. M.: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1953. Vol. 1: Articles and reviews,

artworks. 1829-1835. 574 p.

7. Belinsky V. G. Stafi i recenzii [Articles and reviews / comp., vst. art., approx. I. Ya. Polyakova]. M.: Moscow Worker, 1971. 464 p.

8. Berkovich E. L. Ocherki po istorii psixologii v Rossii v XVIII i pervoj polovine XIX v.: dis. ... kand. ped. nauk [Essays on the history of psychology in Russia in the 18th and first half of the 19th century: dis. ... cand. ped sciences]. Chkalov: Chkalovsky state ped. institute of them. V. P. Chkalov, 1939. 280 p.

9. Bolshakova V. V. Ocherki istorii russkoj psixologii (XIX - nachalo XX vv.): monografiya. Ch. 1: Problema formirovaniya lichnosti [Essays on the history of Russian psychology (XIX - early XX centuries): monograph. Part 1: The problem of personality formation]. Nizhny Novgorod: Publishing house of the volga-vyatka personnel center, 1994.160 p.

10. Vsemirnaya istoriya: v 10 t. [World history: in 10 vol. / open. ed. N. A. Smirnova]. M.: Publishing house of socio-economic literature, 1959. Vol. 6. 830 p.

11. Vulfovich A. M. Kriticheskij bio-bibliograficheskij obzor russkoj psixologicheskoj literatury' pervoj poloviny' XIX veka: dis. ... kand. ped. nauk [A critical bio-bibliographic review of Russian psychological lite­rature of the first half of the 19th century: dis. ... cand. ped sciences]. L: LSPI them. A. I. Herzen, 1945. 821 p.

12. «Dioptra» Filippa Monotropa: antropologicheskaya e'nciklopediya pravoslavnogo Srednevekov'ya ["Dioptra" by Philip Monotropus: the anthropological encyclopedia of the Orthodox Middle Ages / [ed. prepa­ration. G. M. Prokhorov, H. Miklas, A. B. Bildyug; open ed. M. N. Gromov]. M.: Nauka, 2008. 731 p. (Monu­ments of religious and philosophical thought of Ancient Russia).

13. Zhdan A. N. Istoriya psixologii: ot Antichnosti do nashix dnej. 7-e izd., ispr. i dop [History of psycho­logy: from antiquity to the present. 7th ed., rev. and add]. M.: Acad. Project; Fund "Mir", 2007. 576 p.

14. Zarkua M. B. Psixologicheskie vzglyady' V. G. Belinskogo (rassmotrenny'e i izlozhenny'e v svyazi s ego zhe e'steticheskimi vzglyadami): avtoref. dis. ... kand. ped. nauk (po psixologii) [Psychological views of V. G. Belinsky (reviewed and presented in connection with his aesthetic views): author. dis. ... cand. ped sciences (in psychology)]. Kutaisi: Kutaisi State Medical University named after Al Tsulukidze, 1952.16 p.

15. Ivanov D. V. Fenomen bor'by' v filosofsko-psixologicheskoj refleksii otechestvenny'x my'slitelej (N. I. Novikov, N. I. Pirogov, D. I. Pisarev, N. P. Ogarev, N. G. Cherny'shevskij) [The phenomenon of struggle in the philosophical and psychological reflection of domestic thinkers (N. I. Novikov, N. I. Pirogov, D. I. Pisa­rev, N. P. Ogarev, N. G. Chernyshevsky)] // Bulletin of the Irkutsk State Agricultural Academy. 2004. Issue. 25.

P. 91-101.

16. Ivanov D. V. Genezis filosofsko-psixologicheskoj refleksii o bor'be u rossijskix my'slitelej (V. G. Be-linskij, N. A. Dobrolyubov, A. I. Gercen, N. K. Mixajlovskij, P. A. Kropotkin) [The genesis of philosophical and psychological reflection on the struggle of Russian thinkers (V. G. Belinsky, N. A. Dobrolyubov, A. I. Her­zen, N. K. Mikhailovsky, P. A. Kropotkin)] // Bulletin of Irkutsk State Agricultural Academy. 2005. Issue. 27.

P. 81-97.

17. Klypa O. V. Istoki psixologo-pedagogicheskoj my'sli v Rossii [The origins of psychological and peda­gogical thought in Russia: textbook]. M.: VLADOS, 2017. 199 p.

18. Kornetov G. B. Razvitie istoriko-pedagogicheskogo processa v kontekste civilizovannogo podxo-da: doklad dis. . d-ra ped. nauk [The development of the historical and pedagogical process in the context of a civilized approach: report of the diss. ... dr ped. sciences]. M.: Institute of theoretics ped. and international researched RAO, 1994. 64 p.

19. Kostyuk G. S. Izbranny'e psixologicheskie trudy' [Selected psychological works / ed. L. N. Proko-lienko]. M.: Pedagogy, 1988. 304 p.

20. Kropotkin P. A. E'tika: izbr. trudy'[Ethics: fav. works]. M.: Politizdat, 1991. 496 p.

21. Kuzmin E. S., Yakunin V. A. Razvitie psixologii v XVII - XIX vekax [The development of psycho­logy in the XVII - XIX centuries]. L.: Leningrad State University, 1982. 112 p.

22. Kuleshova L. N. Istoriya otechestvennoj psixologii vospitaniya, 60-e gg. XIX - XX vv.: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra psixol. nauk [History of domestic psychology of education, 60s. XIX - XX centuries: author. dis. ... dr. psychol. sciences]. St. Petersburg, 1999.43 p.

23. Mironenko V. V. Voprosy' psixologii lichnosti v trudax V. G. Belinskogo: avtoref. dis. ... kand. ped. nauk (po psixologii) [Questions of personality psychology in the works of V G. Belinsky: author. dis. ... cand. ped. sciences (in psychology)]. M.: APN RSFSR; Research Institute of Psychology. 1954. 13 p.

24. Nikolskaya A. A. Rol' N. I. Pirogova v russkoj pedagogicheskoj psixologii [The role of N. I. Pirogov in Russian educational psychology] // Questions of Psychology. 1982. № 1. P. 127-133.

25. Nikolskaya A. A. Vozrastnaya i pedagogicheskaya psixologiya v dorevolyucionnoj Rossii: monografiya [Age and pedagogical psychology in pre-revolutionary Russia: a monograph]. Dubna: Phoenix, 1995. 336 p.

26. Ovchinnikova N. P. Ideya patriotizma i Otechestva v istorii russkoj pedagogiki [The idea of patriotism and the Fatherland in the history of Russian pedagogy] // Pedagogy. 2007. № 1. P. 93-102.

27. Pirogov N. I. Voprosy' zhizni [Questions of life] // Marine Collection. 1856. Vol. 23. № 8-9. P. 24-51.

28. Pirogov N. I. Izbranny'e pedagogicheskie sochineniya [Selected pedagogical essays / comp., input. art. prof. B. Z. Smirnova]. M.: Publishing house of the APN of the RSFSR, 1952. 702 p.

29. Pirogov N. I. Izbranny'e pedagogicheskie sochineniya [Selected pedagogical works / comp. A. N. Aleksyuk, G. G. Savenok]. M.: Pedagogy, 1985. 469 p.

30. Poznansky N. F. V. G. Belinskij o vospitanii: monografiya [V G. Belinsky on education: monograph]. M.: Uchpedgiz, 1949. 128 p.

31. Romanova E. S., Ryzhov B. N. Istoriya psixologii s sistemny'x pozicij [The history of psychology from a system perspective] // System Psychology and Sociology. 2014. № 1 (9). P. 5-15.

32. Rubinstein S. L. Osnovy' obshhej psixologii: v 2 t. [Fundamentals of General Psychology: in 2 vols]. M.: Pedagogy, 1989.Vol. 1. 488 p.

33. Ryzhov B. N. Istoriya psixologicheskoj my'sli. Puti i zakonomernosti [The history of psychological thought. Ways and patterns]. M.: Military. Publishing House, 2004. 240 p.

34. Ryzhov B. N. Sistemnaya psixologiya: monografiya. 2-e izd. [Systems Psychology: monograph. 2nd ed]. M.: T8 Publishing Technologies, 2017.356 p.

35. Sedov L. Belinskij o vospitanii, individual'nom i obshhestvennom [Belinsky about education, indi­vidual and public] // Bulletin of education. 1898. № 4. P. 1-59.

36. Teplov B. M. Psixologicheskie vzglyady' V. G. Belinskogo [Psychological views of V. G. Belinsky] // Soviet pedagogy. 1948. № 5. P. 38-60.

37. Smirnov A. A. Razvitie i sovremennoe sostoyanie psixologicheskoj nauki v SSSR: monografiya [The development and current state of psychological science in the USSR: monograph]. M.: Pedagogy, 1975.

352 p.

38. Stepashko L. A. Filosofiya i istoriya obrazovaniya [Philosophy and history of education: textbook]. M.: Mosk. Psycho-Social Institute; Flinta, 1999. 272 p.

39. Stoletov V. N. Stanovlenie lichnosti: monografiya [Becoming a person: monograph]. M.: Thought, 1987. 336 p.

40. Uruntaeva G. A. Teoretiko-metodicheskie osnovy' izucheniya vospitatelem rebenka-doshkol'nika v istorii otechestvennoj psixologii (vtoraya polovina XIX - 20-30-e gg. XX v.): dis. ... d-ra psixol. nauk [Theo­retical and methodological foundations of the teacher educating a child - a preschooler in the history of Russian psychology (second half of the XIX - 20-30-ies of XX century): dis. ... dr. psychol. sciences]. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg University, 2003. 503 p.

41. Shabaeva M. F. V. G. Belinskij kak sozdatel' revolyucionno-demokraticheskoj pedagogicheskoj teorii 40-x godov XIX veka [V. G. Belinsky as the creator of the revolutionary democratic pedagogical theory of the 40s of the XIX century] // Soviet Pedagogy. 1945. № 1-2. P. 28-36.

42. Sher N. S. Rasskazy' o russkix pisatelyax [Stories about Russian writers]. M.: Detgiz, 1957. 510 p.

43. Shpet G. G. Ocherk razvitiya russkoj filosofii. I [Essay on the development of Russian philosophy. I / otv ed.-comp., commentary, archaeographer. work T. G. Shchedrin]. M.: ROSSPEN, 2008. 592 p. (Russian Propylaea).

44. Yaroshevsky M. G. Istoriya psixologii: monogr. 3-e izd., dorab. [History of psychology: monograph. 3-rd ed., dorab]. M.: Thought, 1985. 575 p.