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B. M. Kogan, А. А. Mukhina, Т. I. Khazieva, GAME METHOD FOR THE CORRECTION OF PSYCHOMOTOR DEVELOPMENT DISORDERS IN CHILDREN WITH DIFFERENT VARIANTS OF DYSONTOGENESIS

Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 33 : B. M. Kogan, А. А. Mukhina, Т. I. Khazieva, GAME METHOD FOR THE CORRECTION OF PSYCHOMOTOR DEVELOPMENT DISORDERS IN CHILDREN WITH DIFFERENT VARIANTS OF DYSONTOGENESIS
    Views: 341

UDC 159.9

DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.09

 

GAME METHOD FOR THE CORRECTION OF PSYCHOMOTOR DEVELOPMENT DISORDERS IN CHILDREN WITH DIFFERENT VARIANTS OF DYSONTOGENESIS

 

B. M. Kogan,

MCU, Moscow, KoganBM@mgpu.ru

А. А. Mukhina, 

School № 1799, Moscow, dadeko@inbox.ru

Т. I. Khazieva, 

MCU, Moscow, tanya.hazieva@gmail.com

 

Currently there is a significant increase in the number of preschoolers and younger school children with de­velopmental disabilities, resulting in their unwillingness to attend school. Parents of this category of children are increasingly turning to professionals for help regarding the maladjustment of their child. The article presents the results of the remedial programs using folk games in children with different degrees of underdevelopment, aimed at comprehensive development of motor and cognitive processes required for effective adaptation in society.

The goal of the study was to research the effectiveness of the game method of correction of impaired psychomotor development in children with mental retardation of mild and moderate severity by different types of disturbed development.

Had the study included children with various pathologies: 32 children with autism spectrum disorder, 33 — with mental retardation and 22 with mental retardation have mild or medium degree, and 44 children with down syndrome, which took the analysis of the main indicators of memory and attention.

It is shown that remedial work using folk games, aiming at the normalization of psychomotor development of children with different dysontogenetic development leads to significant changes in their cognitive sphere, in the spatial orientation and scope of arbitrary regulation of activity.

Children in all variants of dysontogenesis, especially down's syndrome, have a completely different initial condition indicators of higher cognitive functions, ranging from levels close to age norm, to a large extent the de­lay of intellectual development, moreover, the development of attention and memory in children with down's syndrome takes place dynamically and does not depend on age, as each age group was attended by children showing high, medium and low results.

 

Keywords: dysontogenesis; preschoolers; junior school students; psychomotor development; cognitive development; memory; attention.

For citation: Kogan B. M., Mukhina A. A., Khazieva T. I. Game Method for the Correction of Psycho­motor Development Disorders in Children with Different Variants of Dysontogenesis // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2020. № 1 (33). P. 112-119. DOI 10.25688/2223-6872.2020.33.1.09

 

Kogan Boris Mikhaylovich, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Clinical and Special Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia.

Mukhina Anastasiya Aleksandrovna, Educational Psychologist at School № 1799, Moscow, Russia. E-mail: dadeko@inbox.ru.

 

Khazieva Tatiana Ivanovna, a Post-Graduate Student at the Department of Clinical and Special Psychology at the Institute of Psychology, Sociology and Social Relations of the Moscow City University, Moscow, Russia. Email: tanya.hazieva@gmail.com

 

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