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Журнал » Journal_eng » Journal 32 : I. N. Kormacheva, N. М. Klepikova, PROCRASTINATION: PHENOMENON AND SCIENTIFIC PROBLEM
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I. N. Kormacheva,

N. М. Klepikova,

NSPU, Novosibirsk,




The article is devoted to the study of the problem of procrastination and proposes its definition as a phenomenon in terms of various methodological approaches. Analyzing the nature of the inclusion of procrastination into the reality of the mental world, the following aspects are shown: the boundary between procrastination and similar behavioral manifestations (laziness, conscious strategy); the relationship of procrastination with self-esteem, ineffective coping strategies, perfectionism and other personal characteristics as well as the lack of connection with nationality, gender, level of education and intelligence. In the study of procrastination as a system, psychophysiological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, subjective, motivational approaches, theories of laziness and complex theories are considered. Procrastination is proved as a systemic structure. The psychophysiological sources of procrastination are described as well; the sign distinguishing procrastination from laziness is named; irrational and partially unconscious character of procrastination is described. The conclusions present a definition of the phenomenon of procrastination. It is noted that procrastination is reflected in practical sphere of personality and is closely related to cognitive sphere and its sources are in psychophysiology, emotional-volitional and need-motivational spheres of personality. The presence of two plans of procrastination is indicated: external (behavioral) and internal (components of procrastination). Four components of procrastination are named: cognitive, emotional, volitional and motivational. It is emphasized that only these four components of the system and typical behavioral manifestations significantly describe this phenomenon, as well as distinguish procrastination from other similar phenomena.


Keywords: procrastination; phenomenon; system; components of procrastination; mental reality.

For citation: Kormacheva I. N., Klepikova N. M. Procrastination: Phenomenon and Scientific Problem // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2019. № 4 (32). P. 18–29. DOI: 10.25688/2223-6872.2019.32.4.02.


Kormacheva Irina Nikolaevna, post-graduate student at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology at the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Head of the Psychological Center «Iris», Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: irina@kormacheva.ru

Klepikova Natal’ya Mikhaylovna, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor at the Department of General Psychology and History of Psychology at the Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia.

E-mail: nataliaklepikova@yandex.ru




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