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B.N. Ryzhov - Sistem psychology




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A. A. Tyukov,

MCU, Moscow


Introduction. Development prospects of the modern general anthropology are driven by attempts to reach a consensus for subject positions in the study of the human being phenomenon. As a basis for such a consensus, the authors consider the system analysis of the status and contents of the original categories and notions derived from the disciplines that comprise a complex of sciences of a human being.

Methodology. The article investigates the prospects of integrating the methodology of systemic and integrative approaches to the system psychological sciences. In light of the modern systematology, systemic psychology by B. N. Ryzhov (1999) and the concept of integrative development psychology by А. А. Tyukov (1998), the article focuses on the contents and technologies of systemic analysis in all spheres of the psychological knowledge. The methodological principle of a systemic psychological analysis underpins a statement of the integrated perception of personal, mental and activity-related characteristics of a human being in their joint development and manifestation. In the systemic analysis, in terms of the interpretation logics, there appear layers and levels that are on a mutually reflexive basis reflected in the theoretical description of the system. The systemic analysis includes a description of processes, on the one hand, and of structures, morphology and material as a mechanism constituting the processes described, on the other hand.

The essence of the psycho is determined as an endogenous, internal and subjective activity of an individual. Thus, individuality should be analyzed as an integral characteristic of a specific individual in the dialectical view of its development from birth to death. The idea of narrative psychology aims to offer a generalized systemic characteristic of the life history of a man. In addition, the tasks of such generalized suppose that a typological classification should be applied to identify specific individual features of a person.

Conclusion. It has become possible to postulate a categorical nucleus of general psychology due to the applied psychometry of personal attributes of a man, its mind and abilities at every stage of its ontogenesis.

Systemic typology of life activities, typology of mental activity in terms of mind scale, scope and speed, and typology of abilities for life activity as mastered and interiorized means of communication finally give a psychological characteristic of a real human individuality.


Keywords: System as an organic integrity; layers of systemic analysis; categorical nucleus of development psychology; systemic typologies; category of life activity; motivation; targeting; individuality as a notion of scientific psychology.


For citation: Tyukov A. A. System analysis of subject categories in the human-sciences // Systems Psychology and Sociology. 2018. № 4 (28). Р. 5–13.




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